The Modern Middle East A History

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-03-04
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Newly revised and updated for the second decade of the twenty-first century, the third edition ofThe Modern Middle East: A Historyexplores how the forces associated with global modernity have shaped the social, economic, cultural, and political life in the region over the course of the past 500 years. Beginning with the first glimmerings of the current international state and economic systems in the sixteenth century, this book examines the impact of imperial and imperialist legacies, the great nineteenth-century transformation, cultural continuities and upheavals, international diplomacy, economic booms and busts, the emergence of authoritarian regimes, and the current challenges to those regimes on everyday life in an area of vital concern to us all. Engagingly written, drawing from the author's own research and other studies, and stocked with maps and photographs, original documents, and an abundance of supplementary materials,The Modern Middle East: A History, Third Edition, will provide both novices and specialists with fresh insights into the events that have shaped history and the debates about them that have absorbed historians. New to this Edition * The Introduction and Parts III and IV have been extensively revised and updated * Chapter 20, on political Islam, has been entirely rewritten * New vignettes and document selections have been added to the text * A new, expanded, photo essay, along with new photographs, have also been added

Author Biography

James L. Gelvin is Professor of History at the University of California, Los Angeles. An award-winning teacher, he is the author of The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War (2005, 2007), Divided Loyalties: Nationalism and Mass Politics in Syria at the Close of Empire (1998), and numerous shorter works.

Table of Contents

Vignettes and Mapsp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
A Note on Transliterationp. xiii
New to This Editionp. xv
Introduction: 9/11 in Historical Perspectivep. 1
The Advent of the Modern Agep. 9
From Late Antiquity to the Dawn of a New Agep. 13
Gunpowder Empiresp. 25
The Middle East and the Modern World Systemp. 33
War, Diplomacy, and the New Global Balance of Powerp. 45
Documentsp. 58
Evliya Chelebi: Seyahatanamé (1)p. 58
Evliya Chelebi: Seyahatanamé (2)p. 59
Draft Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the Ottoman Empire and France, February 1535p. 60
The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East-Indies (1)p. 61
The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East-Indies (2)p. 64
Suggested Readingsp. 66
The Question of Modernityp. 69
Defensive Developmentalismp. 71
Imperialismp. 87
Wasif Jawhariyyeh and the Great Nineteenth-Century Transformationp. 100
Photo Essay: The Great Nineteenth-Century Transformation and its Aftermathp. 110
The Life of the Mindp. 133
Secularism and Modernityp. 143
Constitutionalismp. 150
Documentsp. 158
Commercial Convention (Balta Liman): Britain and the Ottoman Empirep. 158
The Hatt-i Sharif of Gulhanep. 159
The Islahat Fermanip. 161
The d'Arcy Oil Concessionp. 164
Algeria: The Poetry of Lossp. 167
Huda Shaarawi: A New Mentor and Her Salon for Womenp. 169
Rifa'a Rafi' al-Tahtawi: The Extraction of Gold or an Overview of Parisp. 170
Muhammad 'Abduh: The Theology of Unityp. 171
Namik Kemal: Extract from the Journal Hürriyetp. 173
The Supplementary Fundamental Law of 7 October 1907p. 174
Suggested Readingsp. 177
World War I and the Middle East State Systemp. 180
State-Building by Decreep. 184
State-Building by Revolution and Conquestp. 196
The Introduction and Spread of Nationalismp. 208
The Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Disputep. 217
Documentsp. 227
Resolution of the Syrian General Congress at Damascus, 2 July 1919p. 227
Theodor Herzl: A Solution of the Jewish Questionp. 228
The Balfour Declaration, 2 November 1917p. 230
Mahmud Darwish: Eleven Planets in the Last Andalusian Skyp. 230
Suggested Readingsp. 231
The Contemporary Erap. 233
State and Society in the Contemporary Middle East: An Old/New Relationshipp. 240
Oilp. 256
The United States and the Middle Eastp. 266
Israel, the Arab States, and the Palestiniansp. 283
The Iranian Revolutionp. 294
Political Islamp. 307
Conclusion The Middle East in the ôAge of Globalizationöp. 319
Documentsp. 327
Speech Delivered by President Gamal 'Abd al-Nasser at Port-Said on the Occasion of Victory Day on 23 December 1961p. 327
Zakaria Tamer: Tigers on the Tenth Dayp. 328
U.N. Security Council Resolution 242p. 330
'Ali Shari'ati: The Philosophy of History: The Story of Cain and Abelp. 331
Ayatollah Khomeini: Islamic Governmentp. 333
Sayyid Qutb: Milestonesp. 334
Suggested Readingsp. 337
Timelinep. 339
Biographical Sketchesp. 343
Glossaryp. 349
Creditsp. 359
Indexp. 361
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