Montana Before History: 11,000 Years of Hunter-Gatherers in the Rockies and Plains

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-02-20
  • Publisher: Mountain Pr
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Supplemental Materials

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Dig into Montana's past with this guide to the state's best archaeological sites, including a cache left by mammoth hunters more than 11,000 years ago. Their cultural descendents survived in Montana until modern times, hunting game anq1 gathering roots and berries. Montana Before History, organized chronologically from the Paleoindian period to the Late Prehistoric period, details how Montana's early peoples adapted to the rugged environment and several dramatic changes in climate. Learn how they hunted bison and other game before the introduction of the horse, how archaeologists can identify a culture by its projectile point, and where Montana's original hard-rock miners worked their quarries. Book jacket.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. vi
The Hunter-Gatherers of Montanap. 1
History of Archaeological Research in Montanap. 6
The Montana Environmentp. 13
Animal Huntingp. 17
Stone and Stone Toolsp. 22
Rock Artp. 29
The Earliest Peoples of Montana: The Paleoindian Period (11,000 to 8,000 years ago)p. 31
Early Paleoindian Periodp. 32
Clovis Culturep. 32
Goshen Culturep. 37
Folsom Culturep. 38
Late Paleoindian Periodp. 47
Agate Basin/Hell Gap Complexp. 47
Foothill/Mountain Complexp. 49
Cody Complexp. 52
Human Adaptation during the Altithermal: The Early Plains Archaic Period (8,000 to 5,000 years ago)p. 59
A Time of Transition: The Middle Plains Archaic Period (5,000 to 3,000 years ago)p. 74
Oxbow and McKean Pointsp. 76
Middle Plains Archaic Sites in Montanap. 78
Middle Plains Archaic Sites outside Montanap. 88
The Early Buffalo Hunters: The Late Plains Archaic Period (3,000 to 1,500 years ago)p. 95
Bison Huntingp. 97
Tradep. 98
Pelican Lake and Besant Projectile Pointsp. 99
Besant Potteryp. 101
Late Plains Archaic Sites in Montanap. 101
Late Plains Archaic Sites outside Montanap. 113
The Era of Buffalo Hunters and Villages: The Late Prehistoric Period (1,500 to 300 years ago)p. 123
The Bow and Arrowp. 125
Stone Circlesp. 128
Potteryp. 129
Late Prehistoric Villagesp. 133
Late Prehistoric Sites in Western Montanap. 138
Buffalo Hunting and Processing Sitesp. 138
Pronghorn Hunting Sitesp. 149
Bighorn Sheep Hunting Campsp. 150
Contemporary Tribes and Future Workp. 153
Questions for Future Archaeologistsp. 158
Appendix: Sites, Site Numbers, and Periods of Occupationp. 160
Glossaryp. 163
Referencesp. 167
Indexp. 187
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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