Moral Issues in Business

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-06-01
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
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Author Biography

William H. Shaw is Professor of Philosophy at San Jose State University. He has also written Business Ethics and has edited Social and Personal Ethics, both published by Wadsworth. Vincent Barry is Professor of Philosophy at Bakersfield College. He has co-authored numerous books, including the best-selling Applied Ethics: A Text with Readings.

Table of Contents

Moral Philosophy and Businessp. 1
The Nature of Moralityp. 2
Ethicsp. 4
Moral Versus Nonmoral Standardsp. 5
Religion and Moralityp. 9
Ethical Relativismp. 11
Having Moral Principlesp. 13
The Limits of Consciencep. 14
Morality and Personal Valuesp. 16
Individual Integrity and Responsibilityp. 17
Moral Reasoningp. 21
Summaryp. 26
"It's Good Business"p. 35
"Moral Responsibility in the Age of Bureaucracy"p. 44
Further Reading for Chapter 1p. 53
Normative Theories of Ethicsp. 54
Consequentialist and Nonconsequentialist Theoriesp. 55
Egoismp. 56
Utilitarianismp. 59
Kant's Ethicsp. 65
Other Nonconsequentialist Perspectivesp. 70
Utilitarianism Once Morep. 75
Moral Decision Making: Toward a Synthesisp. 77
Summaryp. 79
"What Would a Satisfactory Moral Theory Be Like?"p. 89
"Virtues and Business Ethics"p. 95
Further Reading for Chapter 2p. 99
Justice and Economic Distributionp. 100
The Nature of Justicep. 103
The Utilitarian Viewp. 105
The Libertarian Approachp. 108
Rawls's Theory of Justicep. 114
Summaryp. 122
"Rich and Poor"p. 129
"Is Inheritance Justified?"p. 136
Further Reading for Chapter 3p. 144
American Business and Its Basisp. 145
The Nature of Capitalismp. 146
Capitalismp. 147
Key Features of Capitalismp. 149
Moral Justifications of Capitalismp. 152
Criticisms of Capitalismp. 154
Today's Economic Challengesp. 160
Summaryp. 164
"Buddhist Economics"p. 175
"Reflections on the Triumph of Capitalism"p. 180
"The Hostile Takeover"p. 188
Further Reading for Chapter 4p. 195
Corporationsp. 196
The Limited-Liability Companyp. 197
Corporate Moral Agencyp. 199
Corporate Responsibilityp. 203
Should Corporate Responsibility Be Broadened?p. 208
Institutionalizing Ethics Within Corporationsp. 212
Summaryp. 216
"Social Responsibility and Economic Efficiency"p. 236
"Ethical Issues in Plant Relocation"p. 241
"Ethical Dilemmas for Multinational Enterprises: A Philosophical Overview"p. 247
"Business Ethics: On Getting to the Heart of the Matter"p. 252
Further Reading for Chapter 5p. 258
The Organization and the People in Itp. 259
The Workplace (1): Basic Issuesp. 260
Civil Liberties in the Workplacep. 261
Personnel Policies and Proceduresp. 265
Unionsp. 274
Summaryp. 280
"An Employees' Bill of Rights"p. 292
"Employment at Will and Due Process"p. 295
"The Public Worker's Right to Strike"p. 301
Further Reading for Chapter 6p. 307
The Workplace (2): Today's Challengesp. 308
Organizational Influence in Private Livesp. 309
Obtaining Informationp. 313
Working Conditionsp. 319
Redesigning Workp. 324
Summaryp. 328
"Drug Testing in Employment"p. 341
"Work, Privacy, and Autonomy"p. 347
"Participation in Employment"p. 355
Further Reading for Chapter 7p. 362
Moral Choices Facing Employeesp. 363
Obligations to the Firmp. 364
Abuse of Official Positionp. 366
Bribes and Kickbacksp. 370
Gifts and Entertainmentp. 373
Obligations to Third Partiesp. 375
The Question of Self-Interestp. 379
Summaryp. 381
"Four Concepts of Loyalty"p. 393
"What Is Really Unethical About Insider Trading?"p. 401
"Foreign Corrupt Practices: How to Deal with Foreign Forms of Bribery"p. 409
"Some Paradoxes of Whistleblowing"p. 420
Further Reading for Chapter 8p. 428
Job Discriminationp. 429
The Meaning of Job Discriminationp. 430
Evidence of Discriminationp. 432
Affirmative Action: The Legal Contextp. 436
Affirmative Action: The Moral Issuesp. 440
Comparable Worthp. 443
Sexual Harassmentp. 444
Summaryp. 447
"A Defense of Programs of Preferential Treatment"p. 458
"Making Sense of Sexual Harassment Law"p. 463
"Homosexuality, Prejudice, and Discrimination"p. 471
Further Reading for Chapter 9p. 479
Business and Societyp. 481
Consumersp. 482
Product Safetyp. 483
Other Areas of Business Responsibilityp. 491
Deception and Unfairness in Advertisingp. 497
The Debate over Advertisingp. 504
Summaryp. 507
"A Moral Evaluation of Sales Practices"p. 522
"Advertising and Behavior Control"p. 529
"Advertising and the Social Conditions of Autonomy"p. 536
Further Reading for Chapter 10p. 542
The Environmentp. 543
Business and Ecologyp. 546
The Ethics of Environmental Protectionp. 548
Cost Allocationp. 552
Delving Deeper into Environmental Ethicsp. 556
Summaryp. 562
"The Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Issues"p. 575
"People or Penguins"p. 580
"Business and Environmental Ethics"p. 585
Further Reading for Chapter 11p. 592
Indexp. 593
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