Morality in Practice

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2000-08-01
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
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The most timely anthology available, MORALITY IN PRACTICE covers a number of critical contemporary issues, including war and terrorism, cloning, and the environment. Providing broad coverage of topics and opinions, Sterba draws from current journalism as well as philosophy to present opposing viewpoints on each issue. Each chapter covers a different area of moral concern with readings that provide alternative views as well as practical applications. Introductions to each section provide background for each issue as well as discussion of the ethical theory behind the readings.

Author Biography

James P. Sterba is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
General Introductionp. 1
The Distribution of Income and Wealthp. 17
Introductionp. 17
Alternative Views
The Libertarian Manifestop. 23
Radical Egalitarianismp. 32
A Social Contract Perspectivep. 42
From Liberty to Equalityp. 54
Practical Applications
Wyman, Commissioner of New York Department of Social Services v. Jamesp. 61
Plyler v. Doep. 64
Near and Distant Peoplesp. 71
Introductionp. 74
Alternative Views
Lifeboat Ethics: The Case against Helping the Poorp. 77
The Solution to World Povertyp. 84
Impartiality, Beneficience, and Friendshipp. 88
Morality, Parents, and Childrenp. 93
Practical Applications
The Food-Aid Racketp. 101
Some Moral Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aidp. 104
Abortion and Euthanasiap. 111
Introductionp. 111
Alternative Views
A Defense of Abortionp. 117
Why Abortion Is Immoralp. 125
On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortionp. 129
A Feminist Defense of Abortionp. 139
Euthanasia, Killing, and Letting Diep. 145
The Intentional Termination of Lifep. 155
Practical Applications
Planned Parenthood v. Caseyp. 160
Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Healthp. 166
Sex Equalityp. 171
Introductionp. 171
Alternative Views
Justice and Genderp. 175
Feminist Justice and the Familyp. 186
Philosophers against the Familyp. 192
They Lived Happily Ever After: Sommers on Women and Marriagep. 198
Is Male Power Really a Myth?p. 205
Why So Slow?p. 214
Practical Applications
Bill of Rightsp. 226
The Beijing Declaration and Platform of Actionp. 227
Affirmative Actionp. 231
Introductionp. 231
Alternative Views
The Case against Affirmative Actionp. 233
The Case against Pojmanp. 246
Affirmative Racismp. 251
The Case for Affirmative Actionp. 258
Practical Applications
Hopwood v. Texasp. 262
The Case against Hopwoodp. 268
Sexual Harassmentp. 277
Introductionp. 277
Alternative Views
Understanding Sexual Harassment at Workp. 280
Exaggerating the Extent of Sexual Harassmentp. 289
Sexual Harassment in the Universityp. 293
Understanding, Explaining, and Eliminating Sexual Harassmentp. 302
Practical Application
Harris v. Forklift Systems Inc.p. 314
Pornographyp. 317
Introductionp. 317
Alternative Views
Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speechp. 320
Feminists against the First Amendmentp. 331
Practical Applications
American Booksellers v. Hudnuttp. 337
Donald Victor Butler v. Her Majesty the Queenp. 344
Hate Speechp. 351
Introductionp. 351
Alternative Views
No Speech Codep. 354
Speech Codes and Diversityp. 357
Regulating Racial Speech on Campusp. 358
The Chilly Climate on College Campuses: An Expansion of the "Hate Speech" Debatep. 376
Practical Applications
Curry v. Stanfordp. 384
Policy Statement: Free Speech and Bias on College Campusesp. 391
Gay and Lesbian Rightsp. 395
Introductionp. 395
Alternative Views
Homosexual Conduct Is Wrongp. 398
Homosexual Conduct Is Not Wrongp. 400
Prejudice and Homosexualityp. 402
Homosexuality's Legal Revolutionp. 409
Practical Applications
Baker v. Vermontp. 418
Gun Controlp. 425
Introductionp. 425
Alternative Views
Protection or Peril? An Analysis of Firearm-Related Deaths in the Homep. 427
Armed Resistance to Crimep. 430
Guns in Americap. 435
Crime Is Not the Problemp. 439
American Homicide Exceptionalismp. 450
Practical Applications
The Brady Billp. 463
Animal Liberation and Environmental Justicep. 469
Introductionp. 469
Alternative Views
All Animals Are Equalp. 474
Ethical Vegetarianism Is Unfair to Women and Childrenp. 484
The Ethics of Respect for Naturep. 492
Environmental Justicep. 504
The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminismp. 510
Practical Applications
From the Animal Welfare Actp. 518
Amendments to the Animal Welfare Actp. 519
Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hillp. 520
Punishment and Responsibilityp. 525
Introductionp. 525
Alternative Views
The Crime of Punishmentp. 530
A Utilitarian Theory of Punishmentp. 537
A Critique of the Humanitarian Theory of Punishmentp. 542
Classical Retributivismp. 546
Practical Applications
Deterrence and Uncertaintyp. 554
Civilization, Safety, and Deterrencep. 556
Gregg v. Georgiap. 559
War and Humanitarian Interventionp. 567
Introductionp. 567
Alternative Views
Reconciling Pacifists and Just War Theoristsp. 572
The Politics of Rescuep. 579
The Futility of U.S. Intervention in Regional Conflictsp. 585
Practical Applications
Peacekeeping, Intervention, and National Sovereignty in Internal Armed Conflictp. 590
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