Mosaics: Focusing on Essays

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-01-01
  • Publisher: Pearson College Div
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Part of a three-level developmental writing series that integrates critical thinking, reading, and writing, "Mosaics: Focusing on Essays," Third Edition" concentrates on the essay using the processes and skills common to all good academic writing by examining a host of writing samples. An abundance of exercises and activities is included to help readers apply the techniques and practices of good writing to their own work. This book is explored in five major parts: 1) a discussion of the writing process; 2) guidelines for writing essays in each rhetorical mode; 3) a look at writing with sources; 4) an anthology of reading selections; and 5) a complete handbook of grammar and usage. For professionals with a career in writing and/or education.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xvii
The Writing Processp. 1
Writing in Collegep. 2
Why Learn How to Write Well?p. 2
Thinking of Yourself as a Writerp. 4
Keeping a Journalp. 6
Writing with a Computerp. 7
The Writing Processp. 9
Visualizing the Writing Processp. 11
Writing in Tandem with a Studentp. 12
Writing Assignmentp. 13
Prewritingp. 14
Thinkingp. 14
Planningp. 21
Writing a Thesis Statementp. 25
Developing Body Paragraphsp. 30
Support for Your Thesis Statementp. 30
Outliningp. 33
Topic Sentencesp. 34
Specific Detailsp. 39
Organizing Your Essayp. 45
General to Particularp. 45
Particular to Generalp. 47
Chronological Orderp. 49
Spatial Orderp. 51
One Extreme to Anotherp. 53
Writing the Introduction, Conclusion, and Titlep. 58
Introductionp. 58
Conclusionp. 59
Titlep. 60
Revisingp. 63
Revising Checklistp. 63
Editingp. 94
Editing Checklistp. 94
Your EQ (Editing Quotient)p. 95
How to Editp. 104
Review of the Writing Processp. 109
Writing Effective Essaysp. 113
Describingp. 115
Writing a Description Essayp. 116
"Dust Changes America"p. 116
How to Write a Description Essayp. 119
Working with a Student Essayp. 121
"Grandma's House"p. 122
Discovering How the Essay Worksp. 122
Revising and Editing the Student Essayp. 124
Working with Your Own Essayp. 130
Revising and Editing Your Own Essayp. 130
Practicing Descriptionp. 135
Reading Suggestionsp. 135
Service Learning Projectp. 136
Writing Workshopp. 136
Revising Workshopp. 137
Editing Workshopp. 137
Reflecting on Your Writingp. 138
Narratingp. 139
Writing a Narration Essayp. 140
"Girl"p. 140
How to Write a Narration Essayp. 143
Working with a Student Essayp. 145
"My Brother"p. 145
Discovering How the Essay Worksp. 146
Revising and Editing the Student Essayp. 148
Working with Your Own Essayp. 153
Revising and Editing Your Own Essayp. 153
Practicing Narrationp. 159
Reading Suggestionsp. 159
Service Learning Projectp. 159
Writing Workshopp. 159
Revising Workshopp. 160
Editing Workshopp. 161
Reflecting on Your Writingp. 161
Illustratingp. 162
Writing an Illustration Essayp. 163
"Hold the Mayonnaise"p. 163
How to Write an Illustration Essayp. 166
Working with a Student Essayp. 169
"Murphy's Law"p. 169
Discovering How the Essay Worksp. 170
Revising and Editing the Student Essayp. 171
Working with Your Own Essayp. 177
Revising and Editing Your Own Essayp. 177
Practicing Illustrationp. 182
Reading Suggestionsp. 182
Service Learning Projectp. 183
Writing Workshopp. 183
Revising Workshopp. 184
Editing Workshopp. 184
Reflecting on Your Writingp. 185
Analyzing a Processp. 186
Writing a Process Analysis Essayp. 187
"Dare to Change Your Job and Your Life in 7 Steps"p. 187
How to Write a Process Analysis Essayp. 191
Worms with a Student Essayp. 193
"You Too Can Procrastinate"p. 194
Discovering How the Essay Worksp. 195
Revising and Editing the Student Essayp. 196
Working with Your Own Essayp. 201
Revising and Editing Your Own Essayp. 201
Practicing Process Analysisp. 206
Reading Suggestionsp. 206
Service Learning Projectp. 206
Writing Workshopp. 207
Revising Workshopp. 208
Editing Workshopp. 208
Reflecting on Your Writingp. 208
Comparing and Contrastingp. 210
Writing a Comparison/Contrast Essayp. 211
"Thrills and Chills"p. 211
How to Write a Comparison/Contrast Essayp. 216
Working with a Student Essayp. 219
"The Truth About Cats and Dogs"p. 219
Discovering How the Essay Worksp. 220
Revising and Editing the Student Essayp. 221
Working with Your Own Essayp. 227
Revising and Editing Your Own Essayp. 227
Practicing Comparison/Contrastp. 232
Reading Suggestionsp. 232
Service Learning Projectp. 232
Writing Workshopp. 233
Revising Workshopp. 234
Editing Workshopp. 234
Reflecting on Your Writingp. 235
Dividing and Classifyingp. 236
Writing a Division/Classification Essayp. 237
"The Sound of Music: Enough Already"p. 237
How to Write a Division/Classification Essayp. 239
Working with a Student Essayp. 242
"Won't You Be My Neighbor"p. 242
Discovering How the Essay Worksp. 244
Revising and Editing the Student Essayp. 244
Working with Your Own Essayp. 250
Revising and Editing Your Own Essayp. 250
Practicing Division And Classificationp. 255
Reading Suggestionsp. 255
Service Learning Projectp. 256
Writing Workshopp. 256
Revising Workshopp. 257
Editing Workshopp. 257
Reflecting on Your Writingp. 258
Definingp. 259
Writing a Definition Essayp. 260
"Dumpster Diving"p. 260
How to Write a Definition Essayp. 262
Working with a Student Essayp. 265
"True Friends"p. 265
Discovering How the Essay Worksp. 266
Revising and Editing the Student Essayp. 267
Working with Your Own Essayp. 272
Revising and Editing Your Own Essayp. 273
Practicing Definitionp. 278
Reading Suggestionsp. 278
Service Learning Projectp. 278
Writing Workshopp. 278
Revising Workshopp. 279
Editing Workshopp. 280
Reflecting on Your Writingp. 280
Analyzing Causes and Effectsp. 281
Writing a Cause/Effect Essayp. 282
"Why Do Schools Flunk Biology?"p. 282
How to Write a Cause/Effect Essayp. 285
Working with a Student Essayp. 287
"The Budget Crisis"p. 288
Discovering How the Essay Worksp. 289
Revising and Editing the Student Essayp. 289
Working with Your Own Essayp. 295
Revising and Editing Your Own Essayp. 295
Practicing Cause/Effectp. 300
Reading Suggestionsp. 300
Service Learning Projectp. 300
Writing Workshopp. 301
Revising Workshopp. 302
Editing Workshopp. 302
Reflecting on Your Writingp. 302
Arguingp. 304
Writing an Argument Essayp. 305
"Racial Profiling Is Unjust"p. 305
How to Write an Argument Essayp. 307
Working with a Student Essayp. 312
"A Call for Policies on Drinking"p. 312
Discovering How the Essay Worksp. 314
Revising and Editing the Student Essayp. 315
Working with Your Own Essayp. 322
Revising and Editing Your Own Essayp. 322
Practicing Argumentp. 328
Reading Suggestionsp. 328
Service Learning Projectp. 328
Writing Workshopp. 328
Revising Workshopp. 329
Editing Workshopp. 330
Reflecting on Your Writingp. 330
The Essay with Sourcesp. 331
Recognizing an Essay with Sourcesp. 332
"Children as Robots"p. 332
Avoiding Plagiarismp. 339
Common Knowledgep. 339
Original Ideasp. 339
Using and Synthesizing Sourcesp. 341
Direct Quotation, Paraphrase, and Summaryp. 343
Taking Notes on Sourcesp. 345
Finding Sourcesp. 352
Credibility of Sourcesp. 352
Consulting Online Databases, Full-Text Indexes, and Electronic Journal Collectionsp. 353
Searching for Web Sitesp. 358
Using the Libraryp. 361
How to Write an Essay with Sourcesp. 363
Service Learningp. 375
Thinking About Your Service Learning Projectp. 375
Initiating Your Service Learning Projectp. 376
Revising and Editing an Essay with Sourcesp. 381
Revising Checklistp. 381
Editing Checklistp. 382
Revising and Editing a Student Essay with Sourcesp. 382
"Space Bucks"p. 383
Revising and Editing Your Own Essay with Sourcesp. 392
Writing Workshopp. 396
Guidelines for Writing an Essay with Sourcesp. 396
Service Learning Projectp. 397
Revising Workshopp. 397
Editing Workshopp. 398
Reflecting on Your Writingp. 398
From Reading to Writingp. 399
Describingp. 400
"El Hoyo"p. 400
"Dwellings"p. 404
Narratingp. 411
"The Sanctuary of School"p. 411
"Writer's Retreat"p. 414
Illustratingp. 421
"I Just Wanna Be Average"p. 421
"Getting to Know About You and Me"p. 426
Analyzing a Processp. 431
"Don't Be Cruel"p. 431
"Why We Have a Moon"p. 437
Comparing and Contrastingp. 443
"The American Family"p. 443
"Between Worlds"p. 451
Dividing and Classifyingp. 456
"Black Music in Our Hands"p. 456
"What Are Friends For?"p. 462
Definingp. 466
"Ways to Ai"p. 466
"Healing Myself with the Power of Work"p. 470
Analyzing Causes and Effectsp. 474
"A Family Dilemma: To Scout or Not to Scout?"p. 474
"Happiness Is Catching: Why Emotions Are Contagious"p. 477
Arguingp. 482
"We Are Training Our Kids to Kill"p. 482
"Anti-Loitering Laws Can Reduce Gang Violence"p. 492
"Anti-Loitering Laws Are Ineffective and Biased"p. 495
The Handbookp. 501
Introduction: Parts of Speech, Phrases, and Clausesp. 503
Parts of Speechp. 503
Phrasesp. 520
Clausesp. 522
Subjects and Verbsp. 527
Fragmentsp. 535
Fused Sentences and Comma Splicesp. 548
Unit Testsp. 555
Regular and Irregular Verbsp. 558
Verb Tensep. 569
Subject-Verb Agreementp. 585
More on Verbsp. 599
Unit Testsp. 605
Pronoun Problemsp. 607
Pronoun Reference and Point of Viewp. 619
Pronoun Agreementp. 626
Unit Testsp. 632
Adjectivesp. 635
Adverbsp. 646
Modifier Errorsp. 660
Unit Testsp. 666
End Punctuationp. 668
Commasp. 674
Apostrophesp. 687
Quotation Marksp. 696
Other Punctuation Marksp. 705
Unit Testsp. 713
Capitalizationp. 715
Abbreviations and Numbersp. 721
Unit Testsp. 728
Effective Sentences
Varying Sentence Structurep. 730
Parallelismp. 737
Combining Sentencesp. 742
Unit Testsp. 752
Choosing the Right Word
Standard and Nonstandard Englishp. 754
Easily Confused Wordsp. 764
Spellingp. 775
Unit Testsp. 787
Appendixesp. 789
Creditsp. 825
Indexp. 823
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


Experience tells us that students have the best chance of succeeding in college if they learn how to respond productively to the varying academic demands made on them throughout the curriculum. One extremely important part of this process is being able to analyze ideas and think critically about issues in many different subject areas.Mosaics: Focusing on Essaysis the third in a series of three books that teach the basic skills essential to all good academic writing. This series illustrates how the companion skills of reading and writing are parts of a larger, interrelated process that moves back and forth through the tasks of prereading and reading, prewriting and writing, and revising and editing. In other words, theMosaicsseries shows how these skills are integrated at every stage of the writing process. THEMOSAICSSERIES This third edition of the Mosaics series consists of three books, each with a different emphasis:Focusing on Sentences in Context, Focusing on Paragraphs in Context,andFocusing on Essays.The first book highlights sentence structure, the second book paragraph development, and the third the composition of essays. Each book introduces the writing process as a unified whole and asks students to begin writing in the very first chapter. Each volume also moves from personal to more academic writing. The books differ in the length and level of their reading selections, the complexity of their writing assignments, the degree of difficulty of their revising and editing strategies, and the length and level of their student writing samples. This entire three-book series is based on the following fundamental assumptions: Students build confidence in their ability to read and write by reading and writing. Students learn best from discovery and experimentation rather than from instruction and abstract discussions. Students need to discover their personal writing process. Students learn both individually and collaboratively. Students profit from studying both professional and student writing. Students benefit most from assignments that actually integrate thinking, reading, and writing. Students learn how to revise by following clear guidelines. Students learn grammar and usage rules by editing their own writing. Students must be able to transfer their writing skills to all their college courses. Students must think critically and analytically to succeed in college. HOW THIS BOOK WORKS Mosaics: Focusing on Essaysteaches students how to write effective essays. For flexibility and easy reference, this book is divided into five parts: Part I: The Writing Process Part II: Writing Effective Essays Part III: The Essay with Sources Part IV: From Reading to Writing Part V: The Handbook Part I: The Writing Process.All eight chapters in Part I demonstrate the cyclical nature of the writing process. They begin with the logistics of getting ready to write and then move systematically through the interlocking stages of the process by following a student essay from prewriting to revising and editing. Part I ends with a quiz that students can take to identify their "Editing Quotient"--their strengths and weaknesses in grammar and mechanics. Part II: Writing Effective Essays.Part II, the heart of the instruction in this text, teaches students how to write essays by introducing the rhetorical modes as patterns of development. It moves from personal writing to more academic types of writing: describing, narrating, illustrating, analyzing a process, comparing and contrasting, dividing and classifying, defining, analyzing causes and effects, and arguing. Within each chapter, students write their own essays, read professional essays, study the essays of other stude

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