Music, Scholasticism and Reform Salian Germany 1024-1125

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-04-01
  • Publisher: Manchester University Press
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This is the first book in English devoted to music and its intellectual context in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Drawing on a rich body of theoretical literature and manuscript sources, this book paints a detailed picture of the study of music in eleventh-and early twelfth-century Germany. It focuses on the activity of a group of prominent intellectuals based in the monastic and cathedral schools of the German Kingdom, charting their sources and shared concerns, while subtly examining their reception and modification of each others' ideas. Distilling a considerable amount of German scholarship, it situates music in its proper place among other intellectual developments that took place in eleventh-century Germany. This book is above all a study of motivations and thought processes of a group of medieval thinkers: it and will appeal to specialist and non-specialist ecclesiastical, intellectual and cultural historians, as well as to historians of music and of medieval culture.

Author Biography

T. J. H. McCarthy is an Andrew W. Mellon research fellow at the Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, Toronto.

Table of Contents

List of maps and figuresp. xi
List of platesp. xiii
Acknowledgementsp. xv
Abbreviationsp. xvii
The ancient Greek systema teleion and the south-German gamutp. xix
Introductionp. 1
The South-German Circle: An Historical Introductionp. 11
Eleventh-century monastic reformsp. 11
Reform and friendship networksp. 15
Reichenau and the beginnings of the south-German circlep. 18
Bern of Reichenaup. 18
Herman of Reichenaup. 23
St Emmeram and the development of the south-German circlep. 31
William of Hirsaup. 31
Theoger of Metzp. 34
Aribop. 37
Frutolf of Michelsbergp. 40
The wider south-German circlep. 43
The 'Wolf Anonymous'p. 44
Master Henry of Augsburgp. 45
Johnp. 47
Questiones in musicap. 50
Other theoristsp. 52
Ancient Doctors and Modern Master: The South-German Circle at Workp. 55
Classical sources for music theoryp. 55
Boethiusp. 56
The influence of the Carolingian theoristsp. 60
The influence of Bern of Reichenau upon the south-German circlep. 62
The impact of Herman of Reichenau upon the reception of Prologus in tonariump. 62
The interpolated version of Prologus in tonariump. 72
The influence of Guido of Arezzop. 80
Guido and Herman of Reichenaup. 82
Guido and the wider south-German circlep. 85
The transmission of ideas within the south-German circlep. 93
Frutolf of Michelsbergp. 94
Dialectic and The Theory of Musicp. 109
Dialectical texts in German librariesp. 110
Attitudes to dialectic in the eleventh centuryp. 113
The ars logica in eleventh-century literaturep. 116
Dialectic in the south-German music treatisesp. 120
The two sets of tetrachordsp. 122
Tetrachords and the 'seats of die modes'p. 125
'Species' theoryp. 126
Taxonomy of modesp. 130
The division of music according to Henry of Augsburgp. 132
Anonymous I and the Wolf Anonymous on the species of consonancep. 135
Dialectic in Aribo's De musicap. 138
Conclusionp. 145
Plato, His Interpreters and The South-German Circlep. 147
Manuscript sources for Platonic texts in eleventh-century Germanyp. 148
Timaeus in Calcidius' translation and commentaryp. 148
Macrobius' Commmtarius in Somnium Scipionisp. 150
Martianus Capella's De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercuriip. 151
Platonic influence in the south-German music treatisesp. 152
The significance of numberp. 152
Platonic metaphor and vocabularyp. 158
Aribo and Platonic languagep. 162
God and naturap. 168
Conclusionp. 171
'Textbook Codices': Music Theory Manuscripts of The Eleventh and Twelfth Centuriesp. 175
The textbook codex traditionp. 175
Bernold of St Blasien: a compiler and adapter of textsp. 176
Doctrinal handbooksp. 178
Hartwic of Stemmeramp. 179
Textbooks in die linguistic artsp. 181
Music theory compilations and textbooksp. 182
Kassel, Landesbibliothek und Murhardsche Bibliothek der Stadt Kassel, 4 Mss Math. Ip. 183
Music theory textbooksp. 196
Guido of Arezzop. 200
Pseudo-Odo of Clunyp. 203
Bern of Reichenaup. 203
Herman of Reichenaup. 205
William of Hirsaup. 205
Theoger of Metzp. 206
Aribop. 207
Frutolf of Michelsbergp. 208
The Wolf Anonymous, Master Henry of Augsburg, John and Quaestiones in musicap. 208
Carolingian worksp. 208
Classical authorsp. 210
Tonariesp. 210
Notated didactic versesp. 211
Measurement textsp. 211
Other miscellaneous textsp. 213
Conclusionsp. 214
Conclusionp. 217
Bibliographyp. 229
Indexp. 255
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