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9789004139619

A Muslim Theologian In The Sectarian Milieu

by
  • ISBN13:

    9789004139619

  • ISBN10:

    9004139613

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-12-30
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
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Summary

In 385 AH/AD 995 the Q Abd al-Jabb r, well known for his Mu tazil theological writings, wrote the Confirmation of the Proofs of Prophecy, a work that includes a creative polemic against Christianity. Abd al-Jabb r reinterprets the Bible, Church history (especially the lives of Paul and Constantine) and Christian practice to argue that Christians changed the Islamic religion of Jesus.The present work begins with an examination of the controversial theory that this polemic was borrowed from an unkown Judaeo-Christian group. The author argues that Abd al-Jabb rs polemic is better understood as a response to his particular milieu and the on-going inter-religious debates of the medieval Islamic world. By examining the life and thought of Abd al-Jabb r, along with the Islamic, Christian and Jewish antecedants to his polemic, the author uncovers the intimate relationship between sectarian controversy and the development of an Islamic doctrine on Christianity.

Author Biography

Gabriel Said Reynolds is Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies and Theology at Notre Dame University.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations xi
Preface xiii
An Introduction to the Critique of Christian Origins and the Judaeo-Christian Thesis
1(18)
The Judaeo-Christian Thesis
4(10)
Some Problems with the Judaeo-Christian Thesis
14(3)
The Goals of the Present Work
17(2)
The Historical Context of 'Abd al-Jabbar's Critique
19(56)
Mu'tazili Polemic
21(20)
Origins of Kalam
21(7)
The Tradition of anti-Christian Polemic in Mu'tazilism
28(1)
Mu'tazili origins and anti-Christian Polemic
28(10)
Baghdadi Mu'tazila and anti-Christian Polemic
38(1)
Basran Mu'tazila and anti-Christian Polemic
39(2)
'Abd al-Jabbar: A Brief Biography
41(23)
Sources
41(3)
Life
44(14)
'Abd al-Jabbar's Works and Dating of the Tathbit
58(6)
Rayy
64(11)
Islamic Reports
64(3)
The Christians of Beth Raziqaye and the Critique
67(5)
Rayy in the Critique
72(3)
The Critique: Reputation, Content and Style
75(64)
Reputation of the Tathbit
76(4)
Subject Matter of the Tathbit
80(45)
On the Composition of the Bible
83(12)
Biblical Passages in the Critique
95(12)
Church History
107(10)
Christian Practice
117(8)
Style/Purpose
125(14)
Contrast with the Mughni
126(4)
Relation to kalam
130(4)
Intended Audience
134(5)
Muslim Sources of the Critique
139(50)
'Abd al-Jabbar's Authorities on Christianity
140(7)
Authors Mentioned by 'Abd al-Jabbar
140(4)
Authors Unmentioned by 'Abd al-Jabbar
144(3)
Passages in the Critique and Earlier Islamic Writings
147(31)
Qur'anic Passages
147(5)
Biblical Material
152(11)
Narratives
163(1)
Paul in Earlier Islamic Writings
163(1)
Paul and Christian Origins
163(4)
Paul and the Question of tawatur
167(3)
Paul and ta'rikh
170(1)
Constantine in Earlier Islamic Writings
171(4)
The Creed in Earlier Islamic Writings
175(2)
Other Narratives; Christian Miracle Accounts
177(1)
The Critique in the Context of Earlier Muslim Scholarship
178(11)
Dala'il Works
178(5)
'Abd al-Jabbar's Understanding of dala'il
183(3)
Dala'il and Rayy
186(3)
Non-Muslim Sources of the Critique
189(54)
Oral Sources
189(7)
Christian Arabic Texts
196(34)
The Bible
196(4)
The Creed
200(3)
Ibn Bahriz and Nestorian (East Syrian) Christians of 'Abd al-Jabbar's Milieu
203(5)
The Christian Arabic Mujadilun
208(4)
Christian Mujadilun: Timothy
212(2)
Christian Mujadilun: A Monk of Jerusalem
214(2)
Christian Mujadilun: Kindi
216(2)
Christian Mujadilun: Abu Qurra, Abu Ra'ita, 'Ammar al-Basri
218(5)
Christian Mujadilun: Hunayn, Qusta, Yahya
223(5)
Christian Mujadilun: An Anonymous Literalist
228(2)
Syriac Sources
230(2)
Jewish Sources
232(11)
Toledoth Yeshu
233(4)
Muqammis and Qirqisani
237(2)
Qissat mujadalat al-usquf
239(4)
Conclusion: the Critique and the Sectarian Milieu 243(4)
Bibliography 247(14)
Appendices 261(24)
Index of People, Places and Subjects 285(8)
Index of Qur'anic Citations 293(2)
Index of Biblical Citations 295

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