Nanostructuring Operations in Nanoscale Science and Engineering

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-09-08
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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State-of-the-art nanostructuring principles, methods, and aplications Synthesize, characterize, and deploy highly miniaturized components using the theories and techniques contained in this comprehensive resource. Written by a nanotechnology expert, this authoritative volume covers the latest advances along with detailed schematics and real-world applications in engineering and the life sciences. Inside, 37 different nanostructuring methods and 16 different kinds of nanostructures are discussed. Nanostructuring Operations in Nanoscale Science and Engineering explains how to manufacture high-purity fullerenes, assemble carbon nanotubes, and use nanofluids and nanowires. You will also learn how to develop high-performance biochips, work with biomimetics, and design molecular machines. The book includes 540 end-of-chapter review questions to reinforce the material covered. Learn how to: Produce fullerenes using metallurgic, solar, and electric arc methods Use arc discharge, laser ablation, CVD, and HIPCO to create CNTs Build nanostructures with vacuum synthesis, gas evaporation, and lithography Work with quantum dots, polymer thin films, nanofluids, and nanoceramics Develop biochips, biological nanovalves, and molecular machines Mimic biological characteristics and organic self-repair using biomimetics Model nanoscale effects with relativistic and Laplace transforms Characterize nanoscale material using x-ray and helium ion microscope

Author Biography

Kal Renganathan Sharma holds joint appointments as adjunct professor in three departments, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Civil and Environmental Engineering, at Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, Texas.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Introductionp. 1
Learning Objectivesp. 1
Commercial Productsp. 2
Feynman's Vision-There's Plenty of Room at the Bottomp. 5
Drexler-Smalley Debate on Molecular Assemblersp. 8
Chronology of Events during the Emergence of Nanotechnologyp. 10
Applicationsp. 12
Nanotechnology Challengesp. 16
Fundamental Physical Limits of Miniaturizationp. 16
Thermodynamic Stability of Nanostructuresp. 17
Characterization of Nanostructures18
Summaryp. 18
Review Questionsp. 20
Referencep. 22
Fullerenesp. 23
Learning Objectivesp. 23
Discoveryp. 23
Combustion Flame Synthesisp. 26
Crystal Formationp. 27
Sinteringp. 29
Organic Synthesis Methodp. 29
Supercritical Oligomerizationp. 31
Solar Processp. 32
Electric Arc Processp. 34
Applicationsp. 37
Superconductorsp. 37
Adsorbentsp. 37
Catalystsp. 39
Compositesp. 40
Electrochemical Systemsp. 40
Synthetic Diamondsp. 41
Summaryp. 42
Review Questionsp. 43
Referencesp. 45
Carbon Nanotubes (CNT)p. 47
Learning Objectivesp. 47
Discoveryp. 47
Synthesis of CNTsp. 49
Electric Arc Discharge Processp. 49
Laser Ablation Processp. 51
CVDp. 53
Hipco Processp. 57
Surface Mediated Growth of Vertically Aligned Tubesp. 59
Physical Properties of CNTsp. 60
Applicationsp. 62
Morphology of CNTsp. 63
Summaryp. 67
Review Questionsp. 69
Referencesp. 71
Nanostructuring Methodsp. 73
Learning Objectivesp. 73
Vacuum Synthesisp. 74
Gas Evaporation Techniquep. 75
Triangular Nanoprisms by Exposure to Wavelength of Lightp. 78
Condensed Phase Synthesisp. 79
Subtractive and Additive Fabricationp. 81
Processing of Quantum Dotsp. 86
Sol-Gel Processingp. 87
Polymer Thin Filmsp. 88
Cryogenic Ball Millingp. 90
Atomic Lithographyp. 91
Electrodepositionp. 93
Plasma Compactionp. 95
Direct Write Lithographyp. 98
Nanofluidsp. 101
Nanostructures by Self-Assembly of Block Copolymersp. 102
Pulsed Laser Depositionp. 105
Summaryp. 108
Review Questionsp. 110
Referencesp. 114
Nanotechnology in Materials Sciencep. 117
Learning Objectivesp. 117
Adaption into Curriculap. 117
Polymer Nanocompositesp. 119
Ferrofluidsp. 124
Shape Memory Alloyp. 125
Nanowiresp. 126
Liquid crystalsp. 129
Amorphous Metalsp. 129
Nanoceramicsp. 131
Precipitation of Hydroxides from Saltsp. 134
Pressureless Sinteringp. 135
Thermal Barrier Coatingp. 136
Ceramic Nanocompositesp. 137
Summaryp. 141
Review Questionsp. 143
Referencesp. 146
Nanotechnology in Life Sciencesp. 149
Learning Objectivesp. 149
Molecular Computingp. 151
Molecular Machinesp. 150
Supramolecular Chemistryp. 152
Biochipsp. 153
Data Analysis from Nanoarraysp. 169
Sequence Alignment and Dynamic Programmingp. 173
HMMs and Applicationsp. 175
Gene Finding, Protein Secondary Structurep. 175
Drug Delivery Applicationsp. 177
Summaryp. 180
Review Questionsp. 182
Referencesp. 185
Biomimetic Nanostructuresp. 187
Learning Objectivesp. 187
Overviewp. 187
Equilibrium Kinetics of Self-Assemblyp. 190
Biomimetic Materialsp. 191
Biomimetic Thin Filmsp. 194
Biomimetic Membranesp. 199
Magnetic Pigmentsp. 201
Biomimetic Sensorsp. 202
Summaryp. 204
Review Questionsp. 205
Referencesp. 208
Nanoscale Effects in Time Domainp. 209
Learning Objectivesp. 209
Overviewp. 209
Six Reasons to Seek Generalized Fourier's Law of Heat Conductionp. 210
Semi-infinite Cartesian and Infinite Cylindrical and Spherical Mediumsp. 212
Chebyshev Economization or Telescoping Power Seriesp. 214
Method of Relativistic Transformation of Coordinatesp. 217
Method of Relativistic Transformation of Coordinates in Infinite Cylindrical Mediump. 221
Relativistic Transformation of Spherical Coordinates in an Infinite Mediump. 225
Finite Slab and Taitel Paradoxp. 230
Final Condition in Time for a Finite Slabp. 231
Finite Sphere Subject to Constant Wall Temperaturep. 235
Finite Cylinder Subject to Constant Wall Temperaturep. 238
Summaryp. 242
Review Questionsp. 243
Referencesp. 246
Characterization of Nanostructresp. 249
Learning Objectivesp. 249
Overviewp. 249
Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering (SAXS)p. 249
Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)p. 253
Scanning Electron Microscopep. 256
Scanning Probe Microscopep. 258
Microwave Spectroscopyp. 261
Auger Electron Microscopyp. 262
Raman Microscopyp. 263
Atomic Force Microscopyp. 265
Helium Ion Microscopyp. 266
Summaryp. 268
Review Questionsp. 269
Referencesp. 272
Indexp. 273
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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