National Socialism And Gypsies in Austria

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-02-01
  • Publisher: Univ of Alabama Pr
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In this first English translation of Erika Thurner's National Socialism and Gypsies in Austria, Gilya Gerda Schmidt makes available Thurner's investigation of Camps Salzburg and Lackenbach, the two central areas of Gypsy persecution in Austria. Two factors made Thurner's research especially difficult: the Roma and Sinti have more an oral tradition than a written one, and scholarship on the plight of the Gypsies is sparse. Through painstaking research, Thurner has been able to piece together fragments from Nazi documents, recollections of victims, accounts of bystanders and other eyewitnesses, and formal records to present her account. The result is a volume that truly enhances our understanding of the Gypsies' experiences during this period.The volume also focuses on broader aspects of the Gypsies' ordeals: the ideological foundations and legal ordinances regarding Gypsies, the discrimination and persecution in Burgenland as a whole, the transports from Austria to Lodz and Chelmo, and the medical experimentation. The book has also been expanded, with a new study of Camp Salzburg, an updated bibliography, and numerous photographs, which were not included in the German edition.The recent upsurge of anti-Gypsy violence in Austria illustrates both the horror of the treatment of Gypsy tribes and the timeliness of the subject of this volume.

Table of Contents

Foreword vii
Editor/Translator's Introduction xi
Author's Introduction to the American Edition xv
Author's Introduction to the First Edition xix
Abbreviations xxi
1. Comments on the State of the Literature and Sources 1(6)
2. Ideological Foundations and Legal Ordinances Regarding the Persecution of Gypsies 7(12)
3. The Situation of the Gypsies in Salzburg before 1939 and Gypsy Camp Salzburg (1939-1943) 19(17)
Amended Presentation of Gypsy Camp(s) Salzburg: Salzburg-Maxglan/Leopoldskron or Salzburg-Rennbahn
4. Discrimination and Persecution of the Burgenland Gypsies 36(6)
5. Camp Lackenbach 42(60)
6. Gypsy Transports from Austria to Lodz and Chelmno 102(4)
7. Gypsies as Subjects of Medical Experiments 106(22)
8. Concluding Remarks 128(3)
Appendix of Relevant Documents 131(4)
Notes 135(52)
Bibliography 187(16)
Index 203

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