Native American Voices: A Reader

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-01-01
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
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For courses in Introduction to American Indians in departments of Native American Studies/American Indian Studies, Anthropology, American Studies, Sociology, History, Women's Studies. This unique reader presents a broad approach to the study of American Indians through the voices and viewpoints of the Native Peoples themselves. Multi-disciplinary and hemispheric in approach, it draws on ethnography, biography, journalism, art, and poetry to familiarize students with the historical and present day experiences of native peoples and nations throughout North and South Americaall with a focus on themes and issues that are crucial within Indian Country today.

Table of Contents

Foreword viii
Jose Barreiro
Preface xi
About The Editors xiv
About The Artists xv
PART I: Peoples and Nations: Following in the Footsteps of the Ancestors 1(68)
Definitions and Diversity
Phillip Wearne
The Canadian Natives
Anthony Long
Katherine Beaty Chiste
The Crucible Of American Indian Identity: Native Tradition Versus Colonial Imposition In Postconquest North America
Ward Churchill
To The U.S. Census Bureau, Native Americans Are Practically Invisible
John Anner
Native American Statistics---United States, 1990
Is Urban A Person Or A Place? Characteristics Of Urban Indian Country
Susan Lobo
Part Review
PART II: The Hidden Heritage 69(343)
Black Bears
William Oandasan
Mis Misa: The Power Within Akoo-Yet That Protects The World
Darryl Babe Wilson
Creation Story: The Gathering Of The Clans
Nancy J. Parezo
Perceptions Of America's Native Democracies: The Societies Colonial Americans Observed
Donald A. Grinde Jr.
Bruce E. Johansen
Origins Of Iroquois Political Thought
John Mohawk
Native American Labor And Public Policy In The United States
Alice Littlefield
The Dealer's Edge: Gaming In The Path Of Native America
Tim Johnson
NARF Legal Review, All We Ever Wanted Was to Catch Fish
Peace, Not Oil: The U'Wa And International Petroleum
Lovely Hula Hands: Corporate Tourism And the Prostitution Of Hawaiian Culture
Haunani-Kay Trask
The Struggle Over Land On Central America's Last Frontier
Mac Chapin
Part Review
PART VIII: Community Well-Being: Health, Welfare, Justice 412(54)
Yes Is Better Than No
Byrd Baylor
Gary Paul Nabhan
Florence Connolly Shipek, Delfina Cuero: Her Autobiography
The Epidemiology Of Alcohol Abuse Among American Indians: The Mythical And Real Properties
Philip A. May
Indian Forever
Joan Smith
Tobacco Use Amongst The Indians Of Southern California
Tharon P. Weighill Sr.
Punishing Institutions: The Story Of Catherine (Cedar Woman)
Luana Ross
Part Review
PART IX: Native American Rights, Struggle, and Revitalization 466(88)
(Joagquisho, Onondaga Nation), Voices Of Indigenous Peoples: Epilogue
Oren Lyons
North America
Ingrid Washinawatok
Central And South America
Jose Barreiro
Ingrid Washinawatok
Ethnic Reorganization: American Indian Social, Economic, Political, And Cultural Strategies For Survival
Joane Nagel
C. Matthew Snipp
Aboriginal Peoples And Quebec: Competing For Legitimacy As Emergent Nations
Russel Lawrence Barsh
Reflections Of Alcatraz
Lanada Boyer
Roots Of Contemporary Native American Activism
Troy R. Johnson
Rigoberta Menchu Tum
Hawaiian Language Schools
Leanne Hinton
Maya Indian Rebellion: Chronology Of Important Events
A ``New Partnership'' For Indigenous Peoples: Can The United Nations Make a Difference?
Russel Lawrence Barsh
Indigenous People's Seattle Declaration On The Occasion Of The Third Ministerial Meeting Of The World Trade Organization, November 30-December 3, 1999
Closing Address
Phillip Deere
Message For The Work Ahead
John Mohawk
Part Review
Appendix A: Native Media 554(2)
Appendix B: Indigenous Peoples' Organizations 556(2)
Appendix C: Native American Studies Programs In The United States And Canada 558(1)
Appendix D: American Indian Higher Education Consortium 559(2)
Credits 561(2)
Index 563


PREFACEWe are pleased by the very positive response to the first edition of this reader by students, colleagues, and the Native American community. The changes and additions to the new edition, we believe, will generate an even greater appreciation for the uniquely Indian-based perspective and hemispheric approach that characterize this volume and that clearly differentiate it from the standard, introductory works on Native Americans in the disciplines of anthropology and history.The idea for this work grew out of the editors teaching an introductory level college course, The Indian Experience, for several years at the University of California at Davis in the late 1980s to the 1990s. This course and Introduction to Native American Studies were originally developed along with a dozen or so others in the late 1960s by Jack D. Forbes for the then new Native American Studies program at the University of California at Berkeley and at the University of California at Davis. Steve Talbot, a co-editor of this reader, was a member of the faculty in the new Native American studies program at the University of California-Berkeley from 1971 to 1974 and consequently helped to develop these introductory courses. The Indian Experience became one of the core courses for the programs at these two institutions.Other developing Native American Studies (or American Indian Studies) programs in colleges and universities during the 1970s created similar introductory courses. These included the University of Minnesota, Washington State University, Humboldt State University, the University of California at Irvine, the University of California at Los Angeles, Dartmouth, the University of Wisconsin at Madison, and the University of Arizona.The 1960s was the time of the "new Indian" movement and renewed activism signaled by the formation of the National Indian Youth Council, the American Indian Movement, and other Indian protest organizations, as well as by continued actions by the Iroquois and other traditional Indian peoples, the occupation of Alcatraz, the Trail of Broken Treaties to Washington, D.C., and Wounded Knee II and its aftermath of government repression. This was a time when urban-based Indians and their reservation counterparts joined forces under the guidance of traditional elders and religious leaders to press for treaty rights, sovereignty, and self-determination. It was also a time when hundreds of Indian young people were able to enter college under special admissions programs (affirmative action), receive financial aid, and bring the issues and demands of the larger Native American struggle to the university campus. The idea behind these introductory Native American studies classes was to bring the "Indian experience" into the classroom and thereby make the college curriculum relevant to the lives of the new population of Indian students on campus; they were also intended to correct misconceptions and stereotypes about Indian history, religion, and culture for the general student population and the larger society.The Indian Experience course substituted for the more mainstream Introduction to North American Indians course traditionally taught in anthropology. The paradigms for the two courses differ substantially; indeed, there are profound differences in the respective paradigms of Native American studies and anthropology. Yet, although there are many introductory North American Indian books in anthropology and history, there are very few in Native American studies and virtually none, especially a reader, that are suitable as an introduction to Native American studies for the college student and the general public with an interest in American Indians. There are, of course, some excellent atlases, almanacs, and edited works, including various compilations of Indian literature and poetry, but, again, nothing that approximates a Native American studies reader such as we have compiled here. (S

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