Networking for Home and Small Businesses, CCNA Discovery Learning Guide

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-11-30
  • Publisher: Cisco Press
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Networking for Home and Small Businesses CCNA Discovery Learning Guide Allan Reid bull; Jim Lorenz Networking for Home and Small Businesses, CCNA Discovery Learning Guideis the official supplemental textbook for the Networking for Home and Small Businesses course in the Ciscoreg; Networking Academyreg; CCNAreg; Discovery curriculum version 4. The course, the first of four in the new curriculum, teaches networking concepts by applying them to a type of network you may encounter in a home or small office. TheLearning Guide, written and edited by instructors, is designed as a portable desk reference to use anytime, anywhere to reinforce the material from the course and organize your time. In addition, the book includes expanded coverage of CCENTtrade;/CCNA exam topics. The bookrs"s features help you focus on important concepts to succeed in this course: Chapter ObjectivesReview core concepts by answering the focus questions listed at the beginning of each chapter. Key TermsRefer to the lists of networking vocabulary introduced and highlighted in context in each chapter. The Glossary defines each key term. Summary of Activities and LabsMaximize your study time with this complete list of all associated exercises at the end of each chapter. Check Your UnderstandingEvaluate your readiness with the end-of-chapter questions that match the style of questions you see in the online course quizzes. The answer key explains each answer. Challenge Questions and ActivitiesApply a deeper understanding of the concepts with these challenging end-of-chapter questions and activities. The answer key explains each answer. Hands-on LabsMaster the practical, hands-on skills of the course by performing all the tasks in the course labs and additional challenge labs included in Part II of the Learning Guide. Allan Reid is the curriculum lead for CCNA and a CCNA and CCNPreg; instructor at the Centennial College CATC in Toronto, Canada. Jim Lorenz is an instructor and curriculum developer for the Cisco Networking Academy. How ToLook for this icon to study the steps you need to learn to perform certain tasks. Interactive ActivitiesReinforce your understanding of topics with more than 50 different exercises from the online course identified through-out the book with this icon. The files for these activities are on the accompanying CD-ROM. Packet Tracer Activities Explore and visualize networking concepts using Packet Tracer exercises interspersed throughout some chapters. The files for these activities are on the accompanying CD-ROM. Packet Tracer v4.1 software developed by Cisco is available separately. Hands-on LabsWork through all 26 course labs and 3 additional challenge labs included in Part II of the book. The labs are an integral part of the CCNA Discovery curriculum, so you can review the core text and the lab material to prepare for all your exams. Companion CD-ROM The CD-ROM includes Interactive Activities Packet Tracer Activity files IT Career Information Taking Notes Lifelong Learning OSI Model Ov

Author Biography

Allan Reid is the curriculum lead and a CCNA/CCNP instructor at the Centennial College CATC in Toronto, Canada. Allan is a professor in the Information and Communications Engineering Technology department and an instructor and program supervisor for the School of Continuing Education at Centennial College. He has developed and taught networking courses for both private and public organizations and has been instrumental in the development and implementation of numerous certificate, diploma, and degree programs in networking. Allan is also a curriculum developer for the Cisco Networking Academy. Outside of his academic responsibilities, he has been active in the computer and networking fields for more than 25 years and is currently a principal in a company specializing in the design, management, and security of network solutions for small and medium-sized companies. Allan authored the first edition of WAN Technologies CCNA 4 Companion Guide (Cisco Press, ISBN: 1-58713-172-2) and Using a Networker’s Journal, which is a supplement to A Networker’s Journal (Cisco Press, ISBN: 1-58713-158-7). Most recently, Allan co-authored the CCNA Discovery online academy courses “Networking for Home and Small Businesses” and “Introducing Routing and Switching in the Enterprise” with Jim Lorenz.


Jim Lorenz is an instructor and curriculum developer for the Cisco Networking Academy. Jim coauthored several Cisco Press titles including Fundamentals of UNIX Companion Guide, Second Edition (ISBN 1-58713-140-4), Fundamentals of UNIX Lab Companion, Second Edition (ISBN 1-58713-139-0), and the third editions of the CCNA Lab Companions. He has more than 20 years’ experience in information systems ranging from programming and database administration to network design and project management. Jim has developed and taught computer and networking courses for both public and private institutions. As the Cisco Academy Manager at Chandler-Gilbert Community College in Arizona, he was instrumental in starting the Information Technology Institute (ITI) and developed a number of certificates and degree programs. Most recently, Jim co-authored the CCNA Discovery online academy courses “Networking for Home and Small Businesses” and “Introducing Routing and Switching in the Enterprise” with Allan Reid.

Table of Contents

Personal Computer Hardwarep. 3
Objectivesp. 3
Key Termsp. 3
Personal Computers and Applicationsp. 5
How and Where Computers Are Usedp. 5
Types of Computer Applicationsp. 6
Types of Computersp. 7
Classes of Computersp. 7
Servers, Desktops, and Workstationsp. 8
Servers 8Desktopsp. 9
Workstationsp. 9
Portable Devicesp. 10
Laptopsp. 10
Tablet PCp. 11
Pocket PCp. 11
PDAp. 11
Game Devicep. 12
Cell Phonep. 12
Binary Representation of Datap. 12
Representing Information Digitallyp. 12
Measuring Storage Capacityp. 13
Measuring Speed, Resolution, and Frequencyp. 14
File Transfer Timep. 15
Computer Screen Resolutionp. 15
Analog Frequenciesp. 16
Computer Components and Peripheralsp. 16
Computer Systemsp. 16
Motherboard, CPU, and RAMp. 17
Motherboardp. 17
Central Processing Unit (CPU)p. 18
Random-Access Memory (RAM)p. 19
Adapter Cardsp. 20
Video Cardsp. 21
Sound Cardsp. 21
Network Interface Cards (NICs)p. 21
Modemsp. 22
Controller Cardsp. 22
Storage Devicesp. 22
Magnetic Storagep. 22
Optical Storagep. 23
Static Memory and Memory Sticksp. 24
Peripheral Devicesp. 24
Cases and Power Suppliesp. 26
Surge Suppressorsp. 26
Uninterruptible Power Suppliesp. 27
Computer System Componentsp. 28
Safety and Best Practicesp. 28
Installing Components and Verifying Operationp. 30
Installing Peripherals and Verifying Operationp. 31
Summaryp. 35
Activities and Labsp. 35
Check Your Understandingp. 36
Challenge Questions and Activitiesp. 39
Operating Systemsp. 41
Objectivesp. 41
Key Termsp. 41
Choosing the Operating Systemp. 42
Purpose of an Operating Systemp. 42
Operating System Requirementsp. 46
Operating System Selectionp. 48
Installing the Operating Systemp. 50
OS Installation Methodsp. 50
Preparing for OS Installationp. 50
Configuring a Computer for the Networkp. 52
Computer Namingp. 53
Network Name and Address Planningp. 54
Maintaining the Operating Systemp. 54
Why and When to Apply Patchesp. 55
Applying OS Patchesp. 55
Application Patches and Updatesp. 56
Summaryp. 58
Activities and Labsp. 58
Check Your Understandingp. 59
Connecting to the Networkp. 61
Objectivesp. 61
Key Termsp. 61
Introduction to Networkingp. 63
What Is a Network?p. 63
Benefits of Networkingp. 65
Basic Network Componentsp. 65
Computer Roles in a Networkp. 67
Peer-to-Peer Networksp. 69
Network Topologiesp. 71
Principles of Communicationp. 73
Source, Channel, and Destinationp. 73
Rules of Communicationp. 74
Message Encodingp. 76
Message Formattingp. 77
Message Sizep. 79
Message Timingp. 80
Access Methodp. 80
Flow Controlp. 80
Response Timeoutp. 81
Message Patternsp. 81
Unicastp. 81
Multicastp. 82
Broadcastp. 82
Communicating on a Wired Local Networkp. 84
Importance of Protocolsp. 84
Standardization of Protocolsp. 85
Physical Addressingp. 87
Ethernet Communicationp. 88
Hierarchical Design of Ethernet Networksp. 90
Logical Addressingp. 91
Access, Distribution, and Core Layers and Devicesp. 92
Building the Access Layer of an Ethernet Networkp. 94
Access Layerp. 94
Function of Hubsp. 95
Function of Switchesp. 96
Broadcast Messagingp. 99
MAC and IP Addressesp. 101
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)p. 101
Building the Distribution Layer of a Networkp. 103
Distribution Layerp. 103
Function of Routersp. 105
Default G
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