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9780878930609

Neuroanatomy

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780878930609

  • ISBN10:

    0878930604

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-11-01
  • Publisher: Sinauer Associates Inc
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Summary

Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases brings a pioneering, interactive approach to the teaching of neuroanatomy. In addition to original, full-color illustrations of normal human neuroanatomy, the book features over 100 actual clinical cases and over 250 high-quality radiological images to bring the subject to life. This approach allows students to appreciate the clinical relevance of structural details as they are being learned, and to integrate knowledge of disparate functional systems, since a single lesion may affect several different neural structures and pathways.An affiliated website (www.neuroexam.com), correlated with the text, features video clips demonstrating the neurologic exam. Over time, additional clinical cases will be added to the site. The video clips of the neurologic exam are also available on a VHS tape (The NeuroExam Video) that can be used in classroom settings.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
How to Use This Book xix
Introduction to Clinical Case Presentations
3(10)
Introduction
4(1)
The General History and Physical Exam
4(4)
Chief Compliant (CC)
5(1)
History of the Present Illness (HPI)
5(1)
Past Medical History (PMH)
6(1)
Review of Systems (ROS)
6(1)
Family History (FHx)
6(1)
Social and Environmental History (SocHx/EnvHx)
6(1)
Medications and Allergies
6(1)
Physical Exam
7(1)
Laboratory Data
7(1)
Assessment and Plan
7(1)
Neurologic Differential Diagnosis
8(1)
Relationship between the General Physical Exam and the Neurologic Exam
9(2)
References
11(2)
Neuroanatomy Overview and Basic Definitions
13(36)
Basic Macroscopic Organization of the Nervous System
14(3)
Main Parts of the Nervous System
14(2)
Orientation and Planes of Section
16(1)
Basic Cellular and Neurochemical Organization of the Nervous System
17(4)
CNS Gray Matter and White Matter; PNS Ganglia and Nerves
21(1)
Spinal Cord and Peripheral Nervous System
22(2)
Cerebral Cortex: Basic Organization and Primary Sensory and Motor Areas
24(8)
Lobes of the Cerebral Hemispheres
24(1)
Surface Anatomy of the Cerebral Hemispheres in Detail
25(3)
Primary Sensory and Motor Areas
28(1)
Cell Layers and Regional Classification of the Cerebral Cortex
29(3)
Motor Systems
32(2)
Main Motor Pathways
32(2)
Cerebellum and Basal Ganglia
34(1)
Somatosensory Systems
34(3)
Main Somatosensory Pathways
34(1)
Thalamus
35(2)
Stretch Reflex
37(1)
Brainstem and Cranial Nerves
38(3)
Limbic System
41(1)
Association Cortex
41(3)
Blood Supply to the Brain and Spinal Cord
44(2)
Conclusions
46(1)
References
46(3)
The Neurologic Exam as a Lesson in Neuroanatomy
49(34)
Overview of the Neurologic Exam
50(2)
neuroexam.com
52(1)
The Neurologic Exam: Examination Technique and What Is Being Tested
52(20)
Mental Status
52(6)
Cranial Nerves
58(5)
Motor Exam
63(1)
Reflexes
64(4)
Coordination and Gait
68(2)
Sensory Exam
70(2)
The Neurologic Exam as a Flexible Tool
72(1)
Coma Exam
73(5)
General Physical Exam
73(1)
Mental Status
73(2)
Cranial Nerves
75(1)
Sensory Exam and 4. Motor Exam
76(1)
Reflexes
77(1)
Coordination and Gait
78(1)
Brain Death
78(1)
Conversion Disorder, Malingering, and Related Disorders
78(2)
The Screening Neurologic Exam
80(1)
Conclusions
81(1)
References
81(2)
Introduction to Clinical Neuroradiology
83(38)
Introduction
84(1)
Imaging Planes
84(1)
Computerized Tomography
84(3)
CT versus MRI
87(1)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
87(6)
Neuroangiography
93(2)
Functional Neuroimaging
95(2)
Conclusions
97(1)
Neuroradiological Atlas
98(21)
References
119(2)
Brain and Environs: Cranium, Ventricles, and Meninges
121(92)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
122(1)
Cranial Vault and Meninges
122(6)
Ventricles and Cerebrospinal Fluid
128(5)
Blood--Brain Barrier
133(31)
KCC 5.1 Headache
135(2)
KCC 5.2 Intracranial Mass Lesions
137(1)
KCC 5.3 Elevated Intracranial Pressure
137(3)
KCC 5.4 Brain Herniation Syndromes
140(2)
KCC 5.5 Head Trauma
142(1)
KCC 5.6 Intracranial Hemorrhage
143(8)
KCC 5.7 Hydrocephalus
151(1)
KCC 5.8 Brain Tumors
152(2)
KCC 5.9 Infectious Disorders of the Nervous System
154(7)
KCC 5.10 Lumbar Puncture
161(2)
KCC 5.11 Craniotomy
163(1)
Clinical Cases
164(40)
An Elderly Man with Headaches and Unsteady Gait
164(2)
Altered Mental Status Following Head Injury
166(8)
Delayed Unresposiveness after Head Injury
174(2)
Headache and Progressive Left-Sided Weakness
176(4)
Sudden Coma and Bilateral Posturing during Intravenous Anticoagulation
180(8)
Severe Head Injury
188(1)
A Child with Headaches, Nausea, and Diplopia
189(7)
Headaches and Progressive Visual Loss
196(3)
An Elderly Man with Progressive Gait Difficulty, Cognitive Impairment, and Incontinence
199(4)
A Young Man with Headache, Fever, Confusion, and Stiff Neck
203(1)
Additional Cases
204(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
205(1)
A Scuba Expedition through the Brain
206(2)
References
208(5)
Corticospinal Tract and Other Motor Pathways
213(50)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
214(1)
Motor Cortex, Sensory Cortex, and SOmatotopic Organization
214(2)
Basic Anatomy of the Spinal Cord
216(3)
Spinal Cord Blood Supply
219(1)
General Organization of the Motor Systems
220(2)
Lateral Corticospinal Tract
222(6)
Autonomic Nervous System
228(16)
KCC 6.1 Upper Motor Neuron versus Lower Motor Neuron Lesions
231(1)
KCC 6.2 Terms Used to Describe Weakness
232(1)
KCC 6.3 Weakness Patterns and Localization
232(7)
KCC 6.4 Detecting Subtle Hemiparesis at the Bedside
239(2)
KCC 6.5 Unsteady Gait
241(1)
KCC 6.6 Multiple Sclerosis
241(2)
KCC 6.7 Motor Neuron Disease
243(1)
Clinical Cases
244(14)
Sudden Onset of Right Hand Weakness
244(1)
Sudden Onset of Left Foot Weakness
245(4)
Sudden Onset of Right Face Weakness
249(2)
Pure Motor Hemiparesis I
251(2)
Pure Motor Hemiparesis II
253(3)
Progressive Weakness, Muscle Twitching, and Cramps
256(2)
Additional Cases
258(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
258(1)
References
259(4)
Somatosensory Pathways
263(40)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
264(1)
Main Somatosensory Pathways
264(3)
Posterior Column-Medial Lemniscal Pathway
267(1)
Spinothalamic Tract and Other Anterolateral Pathways
268(2)
Somatosensory Cortex
270(1)
Central Modulation of Pain
270(1)
The Thalamus
271(14)
Relay Nuclei
273(1)
Intralaminar Nuclei
274(1)
Reticular Nucleus
275(1)
KCC 7.1 Paresthesias
276(1)
KCC 7.2 Spinal Cord Lesions
276(1)
KCC 7.3 Sensory Loss: Patterns and Localization
277(2)
KCC 7.4 Spinal Cord Syndromes
279(3)
KCC 7.5 Anatomy of Bowel, Bladder, and Sexual Function
282(3)
Clinical Cases
285(12)
Sudden Onset of Right Arm Numbness
285(1)
Sudden Onset of Right Face, Arm, and Leg Numbness
286(2)
A Fall Causing Paraplegia and a Sensory Level
288(3)
Left Leg Weakness and Right Leg Numbness
291(2)
Sensory Loss over Both Shoulders
293(2)
Body Tingling and Unsteady Gait
295(1)
Hand Weakness, Pinprick Sensory Level, and Urinary Retention
296(1)
Additional Cases
297(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
297(3)
References
300(3)
Spinal Nerve Roots
303(36)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
304(1)
Segmental Organization of the Nervous System
304(1)
Nerve Roots in Relation to Vertebral Bones, Discs, and Ligaments
305(2)
Dermatomes and Myotomes
307(10)
KCC 8.1 Disorders of Nerve, Muscle, and Neuromuscular Junction
311(3)
KCC 8.2 Back Pain
314(1)
KCC 8.3 Radiculopathy
315(2)
Simplification: Three Nerve Roots to Remember in the Arm
317(1)
Simplification: Three Nerve Roots to Remember in the Leg
317(2)
KCC 8.4 Cauda Equina Syndrome
318(1)
KCC 8.5 Common Surgical Approaches to the Spine
318(1)
Clinical Cases
319(16)
Unilateral Neck Pain and Tingling Numbness in the Thumb and Index Finger
319(1)
Unilateral Occipital and Neck Pain
320(1)
Unilateral Shoulder Pain and Weakness
321(2)
Blisters, Pain, and Weakness in the Left Arm
323(1)
Unilateral Shoulder Pain and Numbness in the Index and Middle Fingers
324(1)
Unilateral Neck Pain, Hand Weakness, and Numbness in the Ring and Little Fingers
325(1)
Pain and Numbness in the Medial Arm
326(1)
Low Back Pain Radiating to the Sole of the Foot and the Small Toe
327(1)
Unilateral Thigh Weakness with Pain Radiating to the Anterior Shin
328(1)
Low Back Pain Radiating to the Big Toe
329(3)
Saddle Anesthesia with Loss of Sphincteric and Erectile Function
332(3)
Additional Cases
335(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
335(1)
References
336(3)
Major Plexuses and Peripheral Nerves
339(28)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
340(1)
Brachial Plexus and Lumbosacral Plexus
340(2)
Simplification: Five Nerves to Remember in the Arm
342(2)
Simplification: Three Nerves Acting on the Thumb
344(1)
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Hand Muscles
344(1)
Simplification: Five Nerves to Remember in the Leg
345(6)
KCC 9.1 Common Plexus and Nerve Syndromes
346(3)
KCC 9.2 Electromyography (EMG) and Nerve Conduction Studies
349(2)
Clinical Cases
351(12)
Complete Paralysis and Loss of Sensation in One Arm
351(2)
A Newborn with Weakness in One Arm
353(1)
A Blow to the Medial Arm Causing Hand Weakness and Numbness
353(2)
Nocturnal Pain and Tingling in the Thumb, Pointer, and Middle Finger
355(1)
Hand and Wrist Weakness after a Fall
355(1)
Numbness and Tingling in the Pinky and Ring Finger
356(1)
Unilateral Thigh Pain, Weakness, and Numbness in a Diabetic
357(1)
Tingling and Paralysis of the Foot after a Fall
358(1)
A Leg Injury Resulting in Foot Drop
359(2)
Lateral Thigh Pain and Numbness after Pregnancy
361(1)
Dysarthria, Ptosis, and Decreased Exercise Tolerance
362(1)
Additional Cases
363(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
363(1)
References
363(4)
Cerebral Hemispheres and Vascular Supply
367(60)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
368(1)
Review of Main Functional Areas of Cerebral Cortex
368(1)
Circle of Willis: Anterior and Posterior Circulations
369(2)
Anatomy and Vascular Territories of the Three Main Cerebral Arteries
371(15)
Vascular Territories of the Superficial Cerebral Structures
371(2)
Vascular Territories of the Deep Cerebral Structures
373(3)
KCC 10.1 Clinical Syndromes of the Three Main Cerebral Arteries
376(2)
KCC 10.2 Watershed Infarcts
378(1)
KCC 10.3 Transient Ischemic Attack and Other Transient Neurologic Episodes
379(1)
KCC 10.4 Ischemic Stroke: Mechanisms and Treatment
380(4)
KCC 10.5 Carotid Stenosis
384(1)
KCC 10.6 Dissection of the Carotid or Vertebral Arteries
385(1)
Venous Drainage of the Cerebral Hemispheres
386(2)
KCC 10.7 Sagittal Sinus Thrombosis
387(1)
Clinical Cases
388(33)
Sudden-Onset Worst Headache of Life
388(1)
Left Leg Weakness and Left Alien Hand Syndrome
389(1)
Decreased Vision on One Side
390(8)
Transient Episodes of Left Eye Blurriness or Right Hand Weakness
398(1)
Nonfluent Aphasia with Right Face and Arm Weakness
399(4)
Talking Ragtime
403(1)
Dysarthria and Hemiparesis
404(1)
Global Aphasia, Right Hemiplegia, and Hemianopia
405(3)
Left Face and Arm Weakness
408(3)
Left Hemineglect
411(2)
Lleft Hemineglect, Hemiplegia, and Hemianopia
413(2)
Unilateral Proximal Arm and Leg Weakness
415(4)
Right Frontal Headache and Left Arm Numbness in a Woman with Gastric Carcinoma
419(2)
Additional Cases
421(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
421(3)
References
424(3)
Visual System
427(32)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
428(1)
Eyes and Retina
428(3)
Optic Nerves, Optic Chiasm, and Optic Tracts
431(1)
Lateral Geniculate Nucleus and Extrageniculate Pathways
432(1)
Optic Radiations to Primary Visual Cortex
433(2)
Visual Processing in the Neocortex
435(11)
Parallel Channels for Analyzing Motion, Form, and Color
435(2)
Ocular Dominance Columns and Orientation Columns
437(1)
KCC 11.1 Assessment of Visual Disturbances
438(2)
KCC 11.2 Localization of Visual Field Defects
440(3)
KCC 11.3 Blood Supply and Ischemia in the Visual Pathways
443(2)
KCC 11.4 Optic Neuritis
445(1)
Clinical Cases
446(7)
A Dark Spot Seen with One Eye
446(1)
Vision Loss in One Eye
447(1)
Menstrual Irregularity and Bitemporal Hemianopia
448(1)
Hemianopia after Treatment for a Temporal Lobe Tumor
449(2)
Visual Changes Caused by Migraine Headaches?
451(2)
Additional Cases
453(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
453(3)
References
456(3)
Brainstem I: Surface Anatomy and Cranial Nerves
459(70)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
460(1)
Surface Features of the Brainstem
461(3)
Skull Foramina and Cranial Nerve Exit Points
464(2)
Sensory and Motor Organization of the Cranial Nerves
466(3)
Functions and Course of the Cranial Nerves
469(2)
CN I: Olfactory Nerve
471(1)
KCC 12.1 Anosmia (CN I)
472(1)
CN II: Optic Nerve
472(1)
CN III, IV, and VI: Oculomotor, Trochlear, and Abducens Nerves
472(2)
CN V: Trigeminal Nerve
474(5)
KCC 12.2 Trigeminal Nerve Disorders (CN V)
478(1)
CN VII: Facial Nerve
479(5)
KCC 12.3 Facial Nerve Lesions (CN VII)
482(2)
KCC 12.4 Corneal Reflex and Jaw Jerk Reflex (CN V, VII)
484(1)
CN VIII: Vestibulocochlear Nerve
484(11)
Auditory Pathways
485(4)
Vestibular Pathways
489(2)
KCC 12.5 Hearing Loss (CN VIII)
491(1)
KCC 12.6 Dizziness and Vertigo (CN VIII)
492(3)
CN IX: Glossopharyngeal Nerve
495(1)
CN X: Vagus Nerve
496(3)
CN XI: Spinal Accessory Nerve
499(1)
CN XII: Hypoglossal Nerve
499(3)
KCC 12.7 Disorders of CN IX, X, XI, and XII
500(1)
KCC 12.8 Hoarseness, Dysarthria, Dysphagia, and Pseudobulbar Affect
500(2)
Review: Cranial Nerve Combinations
502(2)
Clinical Cases
504(18)
Anosmia and Visual Impairment
504(1)
Cheek Numbness and a Bulging Eye
505(3)
Jaw Numbness and Episodes of Loss of Consciousness
508(1)
Isolated Facial Weakness
509(3)
Hearing Loss and Dizziness
512(4)
Hoarse Voice Following Cervical Disc Surgery
516(1)
Hoarseness, with Unilateral Wasting of the Neck and Tongue Muscles
517(4)
Uncontrollable Laughter, Dysarthria, Dysphagia, and Left-Sided Weakness
521(1)
Additional Cases
522(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
523(3)
References
526(3)
Brainstem II: Eye Movements and Pupillary Control
529(46)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
530(1)
Extraocular Muscles, Nerves, and Nuclei
530(10)
Extraocular Muscles
530(2)
Extraocular Nerves and Nuclei
532(3)
KCC 13.1 Diplopia
535(1)
KCC 13.2 Oculomotor Palsy (CN III)
536(2)
KCC 13.3 Trochlear Palsy (CN IV)
538(1)
KCC 13.4 Abducens Palsy (CN VI)
539(1)
The Pupils and Other Ocular Autonomic Pathways
540(6)
KCC 13.5 Pupillary Abnormalities
543(3)
KCC 13.6 Ptosis
546(1)
Cavernous Sinus and Orbital Apex
546(2)
KCC 13.7 Cavernous Sinus Syndrome (CN III, IV, VI, V1) and Orbital Apex Syndrome (CN II, III, IV, VI, V1)
547(1)
Supranuclear Control of Eye Movements
548(6)
Brainstem Circuits for Horizontal Eye Movements
548(1)
KCC 13.8 Brainstem Lesions Affecting Horizontal Gaze
549(2)
KCC 13.9 Parinaud's Syndrome
551(1)
KCC 13.10 Right-Way Eyes and Wrong-Way Eyes
552(2)
Clinical Cases
554(14)
Double Vision and Unilateral Eye Pain
554(1)
A Diabetic with Horizontal Diplopia
555(2)
Vertical Diplopia
557(1)
Left Eye Pain and Horizontal Diplopia
558(1)
Unilateral Headache, Ophthalmoplegia, and Forehead Numbness
559(1)
Ptosis, Miosis, and Anhidrosis
560(2)
Wrong-Way Eyes
562(1)
Horizontal Diplopia in a Patient with Multiple Sclerosis
563(4)
Headaches and Impaired Upgaze
567(1)
Additional Cases
568(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
568(4)
References
572(3)
Brainstem III: Internal Structures and Vascular Supply
575(78)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
576(1)
Main Components of the Brainstem
576(1)
Brainstem Sections
577(7)
Cranial Nerve Nuclei and Related Structures
584(2)
Long Tracts
586(1)
KCC 14.1 Locked-in Syndrome
587(1)
Cerebellar Circuitry
587(1)
Reticular Formation and Related Structures
588(1)
Widespread Projection Systems of Brainstem and Forebrain: Consciousness, Attention, and Other Functions
589(9)
Brainstem Reticular Formation and Thalamus
590(2)
Identified Neurotransmitter Systems
592(6)
Anatomy of the Sleep-Wake Cycle
598(7)
KCC 14.2 Coma and Related Disorders
601(4)
Reticular Formation Motor, Reflex, and Autonomic Systems
605(2)
Brainstem Vascular Supply
607(13)
KCC 14.3 Vertebrobasilar Vascular Disease
612(8)
Clinical Cases
620(25)
Face and Contralateral Body Numbness, Hoarseness, Horner's Syndrome, and Ataxia
620(2)
Hemiparesis Sparing the Face
622(4)
Dysarthria and Hemiparesis
626(1)
Unilateral Face Numbness, Hearing Loss, and Ataxia
626(3)
Locked in
629(3)
Wrong-Way Eyes, Limited Upgaze, Decreased Responsiveness, and Hemiparesis with an Amazing Recovery
632(7)
Diplopia and Unilateral Ataxia
639(2)
Intermittent Memory Loss, Diplopia, Sparkling Light and Somnolence
641(3)
Intractable Hiccups
644(1)
Additional Cases
645(4)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
649(1)
References
650(3)
Cerebellum
653(36)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
654(1)
Cerebellar Lobes, Peduncles, and Deep Nuclei
654(4)
Microscopic Circuitry of the Cerebellum
658(2)
Cerebellar Output Pathways
660(4)
Cerebellar Input Pathways
664(4)
Vascular Supply to the Cerebellum
668(8)
KCC 15.1 Cerebellar Artery Infarcts and Cerebellar Hemorrhage
669(1)
KCC 15.2 Clinical Findings and Localization of Cerebellar Lesions
670(5)
KCC 15.3 Differential Diagnosis of Ataxia
675(1)
Clinical Cases
676(10)
Sudden Onset of Unilateral Ataxia
676(1)
Walking Like a Drunkard
677(3)
A Boy with Headaches, Nausea, Slurred Speech, and Ataxia
680(2)
Nausea, Progressive Unilateral Ataxia, and Right Face Numbness
682(4)
Additional Cases
686(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
686(1)
References
687(2)
Basal Ganglia
689(48)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
690(1)
Basic Three-Dimensional Anatomy of the Basal Ganglia
690(8)
Input, Output, and Intrinsic Connections of the Basal Ganglia
698(4)
Inputs to the Basal Ganglia
698(1)
Outputs from the Basal Ganglia
699(1)
Intrinsic Baal Ganglia Connections
699(2)
Hyperkinetic and Hypokinetic Movement Disorders
701(1)
Parallel Basal Ganglia Pathways for Movement, Eye Movement, Cognition, and Emotion
702(2)
Ansa Lenticularis, Lenticular Fasciculus, and the Fields of Forel
704(15)
KCC 16.1 Movement Disorders
705(7)
KCC 16.2 Parkinson's Disease and Related Disorders
712(4)
KCC 16.3 Huntington's Disease
716(1)
KCC 16.4 Stereotactic Surgery for Movement Disorders and Other Conditions
717(2)
Clinical Cases
719(13)
Unilateral Flapping and Flinging
719(1)
Irregular Jerking Movements and Marital Problems
720(3)
Asymmetrical Resting Tremor, Rigidity, Bradykinesia, and Gait Difficulties
723(3)
Bilateral Bradykinesia, Rigidity, and Gait Instability with No Tremor
726(6)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
732(1)
Additional Cases
733(1)
References
733(4)
Pituitary and Hypothalamus
737(24)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
738(1)
Overall Anatomy of the Pituitary and Hypothalamus
738(2)
Important Hypothalamic Nuclei and Pathways
740(3)
Major Hypothalamic Nuclei
740(1)
Hypothalamic Control of the Autonomic Nervous System
741(1)
Hypothalamic-Limbic Pathways
742(1)
Other Regionalized Functions of the Hypothalamus
742(1)
Endocrine Functions of the Pituitary and Hypothalamus
743(8)
KCC 17.1 Pituitary Adenoma and Related Disorders
746(3)
KCC 17.2 Diabetes Insipidus and SIADH
749(1)
KCC 17.3 Panhypopituitarism
750(1)
Clinical Cases
751(5)
Moon Facies, Acne, Amenorrhea, and Hypertension
751(3)
Impotence, Anorexia, Polyuria, Blurred Vision, Headaches, and Hearing Loss
754(2)
Additional Cases
756(1)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
757(2)
References
759(2)
Limbic System: Homeostasis, Olfaction, Memory, and Emotion
761(60)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
762(1)
Overview of Limbic Structures
763(7)
Olfactory System
770(1)
Hippocampal Formation and Other Memory-Related Structures
771(16)
Hippocampal Formation and Parahippocampal Gyrus
772(4)
Intrinsic Circuitry of the Hippocampal Formation
776(1)
Input and Output Connections of the Medial Temporal Lobe Memory System
777(1)
The Fornix and Medial Diencephalic Memory Pathways
778(2)
KCC 18.1 Memory Disorders
780(4)
Differential Diagnosis of Memory Loss
784(3)
The Amygdala: Emotions, Drives, and Other Functions
787(2)
Other Limbic Pathways
789(11)
KCC 18.2 Seizures and Epilepsy
790(8)
KCC 18.3 Anatomical and Neuropharmacological Basis of Psychiatric Disorders
798(2)
Clinical Cases
800(16)
Case 18.1 Sudden Memory Loss after a Mild Head Injury
800(2)
Case 18.2 Progressive Severe Memory Loss, with Mild Confabulation
802(2)
Case 18.3 Transient Diplopia, Lethargy, and Hemiparesis, Followed by a Sustained Memory Deficit
804(2)
Case 18.4 Episodes of Panic, Olfactory Hallucinations, and Loss of Awareness
806(3)
Case 18.5 Episodes of Staring, Lip Smacking, and Unilateral Semipurposeful Movements
809(7)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
816(1)
Additional Cases
817(1)
References
817(4)
Higher-Order Cerebral Function
821(90)
Anatomical and Clinical Review
822(1)
KCC 19.1 The Mental Status Exam
822(1)
Unimodal and Heteromodal Association Cortex
823(2)
Principles of Cerebral Localization and Lateralization
825(2)
The Dominant Hemisphere: Language Processing and Related Functions
827(12)
KCC 19.2 Differential Diagnosis of Language Disorders
829(1)
KCC 19.3 Bedside Language Exam
830(1)
KCC 19.4 Broca's Aphasia
831(1)
KCC 19.5 Wernicke's Aphasia
832(1)
KCC 19.6 Simplified Aphasia Classification Scheme
833(2)
KCC 19.7 Other Syndromes Related to Aphasia
835(3)
KCC 19.8 Disconnection Syndromes
838(1)
The Nondominant Hemisphere: Mechanisms of Attention and Spatial Processing
839(8)
Lateralized Aspects of Attention
839(1)
Spatial Analysis and Integration
840(1)
KCC 19.9 Hemineglect Syndrome
841(5)
KCC 19.10 Other Clinical Features of Nondominant Hemisphere Lesions
846(1)
The Frontal Lobes: Anatomy and Functions of an Enigmatic Brain Region
847(7)
Regional Anatomy of the Frontal Lobes
847(1)
Connections of the Prefrontal Cortex
848(1)
Functions of the Frontal Lobes
849(1)
KCC 19.11 Frontal Lobe Disorders
850(1)
Evaluating Patients with Suspected Frontal Lobe Dysfunction
850(4)
Differential Diagnosis of Frontal Lobe Disorders
854(1)
Visual Association Cortex: Higher-Order Visual Processing
854(5)
KCC 19.12 Disorders of Higher-Order Visual Processing
855(3)
KCC 19.13 Auditory Hallucinations
858(1)
Attention, Awareness, and Other General Network Functions of The Brain
859(43)
General Mechanisms of Attention
859(3)
Awareness of Self and Environment
862(2)
KCC 19.14 Attentional Disorders
864(1)
Testing Sustained Attention
864(1)
Differential Diagnosis of Disorders of Sustained Attention
865(16)
Aphasia with Preserved Repetition
881(1)
Impaired Repetition
882(1)
Inability to Read, with Preserved Writing Skills
883(5)
Left Hemineglect
888(3)
Abulia
891(3)
Blindness without Awareness of Deficit
894(4)
Sudden Inability to Recognize Faces
898(1)
Musical Hallucinations
899(2)
Progressive Dementia, Beginning with Memory Problems
901(1)
Additional Cases
902(2)
Brief Anatomical Study Guide
904(2)
References
906(5)
Epilogue: A Simple Working Model of the Mind 911(4)
Case Index 915(9)
Subject Index 924

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