Neuroethics: Challenges for the 21st Century

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-08-13
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Neuroscience has dramatically increased understanding of how mental states and processes are realized by the brain, thus opening doors for treating the multitude of ways in which minds become dysfunctional. This book explores questions such as when is it permissible to alter a person's memories, influence personality traits or read minds? What can neuroscience tell us about free will, self-control, self-deception and the foundations of morality? The view of neuroethics offered here argues that many of our new powers to read ,alter and control minds are not entirely unparalleled with older ones. They have, however, expanded to include almost all our social, political and ethical decisions. Written primarily for graduate students, this book will appeal to anyone with an interest in the more philosophical and ethical aspects of the neurosciences.

Author Biography

Neil Levy is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, University of Melbourne, Australia

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xiv
Introductionp. 1
What is neuroethics?p. 1
Neuroethics: some case studiesp. 3
The mind and the brainp. 8
Peering into the mindp. 17
The extended mindp. 29
The debate over the extended mindp. 44
Changing our mindsp. 69
Authenticityp. 73
Self-knowledge and personal growthp. 76
Mechanization of the selfp. 78
Treating symptoms and not causesp. 81
The presumption against direct manipulationp. 88
The treatment/enhancement distinctionp. 88
Enhancements as cheatingp. 89
Inequalityp. 91
Probing the distinctionp. 94
Assessing the criticismsp. 103
Conclusionp. 129
Reading minds/controlling mindsp. 133
Mind reading and mind controllingp. 133
Mind controlp. 145
Mind reading, mind controlling and the parity principlep. 147
Conclusionp. 154
The neuroethics of memoryp. 157
Total recallp. 159
Memory manipulationp. 171
Moderating traumatic memoriesp. 182
Moral judgment and the somatic marker hypothesisp. 187
Conclusionp. 195
The "self" of self-controlp. 197
The development of self-controlp. 203
Ego-depletion and self-controlp. 206
Successful resistancep. 215
Addiction and responsibilityp. 219
The neuroscience of free willp. 222
Consciousness and freedomp. 225
Who decides when I decided?p. 226
Consciousness and moral responsibilityp. 231
Moral responsibility without the decision constraintp. 239
Lessons from neurosciencep. 243
Neuroscience and the cognitive testp. 246
Neuroscience and the volitional testp. 250
Self-deception: the normal and the pathologicalp. 258
Theories of self-deceptionp. 259
Anosognosia and self-deceptionp. 263
Anosognosia as self-deceptionp. 276
Conclusion: illuminating the mindp. 278
The neuroscience of ethicsp. 281
Ethics and intuitionsp. 282
The neuroscientific challenge to moralityp. 288
Responding to the deflationary challengep. 293
Moral constructivismp. 300
Moral dumbfounding and distributed cognitionp. 307
Distributed cognition: extending the moral mindp. 308
Referencesp. 317
Indexp. 337
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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