9780781779494

Neuroradiology Companion Methods, Guidelines, and Imaging Fundamentals

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780781779494

  • ISBN10:

    0781779499

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-11-01
  • Publisher: LWW
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Summary

The Third Edition of this popular quick reference features 653 brand-new illustrations and state-of-the-art protocols for brain, spine, and head and neck imaging examinations. The first part presents up-to-date protocols for CT, MRI, myelography, and neuroangiography and guidelines on drugs used in neuroimaging. The second part presents images of all common pathologic entities, along with succinct, bulleted "key facts" about radiologic diagnosis. This edition has new chapters on the brachial plexus, degenerative and iatrogenic brain disorders, and metabolic brain disorders. New entities have been added to many chapters, particularly those on brain trauma, stroke, infections and inflammations, and the orbits.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Acknowledgments xviii
Abbreviations Used xix
PART ONE Imaging Protocols and Guidelines
1(40)
Computed Tomography Protocols
3(6)
Brain without Contrast
3(1)
Brain with Contrast Administration
3(1)
Paranasal Sinus Screening, No Contrast
4(1)
Paranasal Sinuses with Contrast
4(1)
Paranasal Sinuses, Preoperative for Computer Navigation
5(1)
Facial Bones (``Trauma'')
5(1)
Face with Contrast
5(1)
Orbits
6(1)
Temporal Bones
6(1)
Neck
6(1)
Craniosynostosis
7(1)
Spine
7(1)
Computed Tomography Angiography
7(1)
CT Perfusion
8(1)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Protocols
9(7)
Myelography
16(5)
General Guidelines
16(5)
Lumbar Myelograms
18(1)
Cervical Myelograms
18(1)
Thoracic Myelograms
18(1)
Postmyelogram Orders
19(1)
Postmyelography Headache
19(2)
Diagnostic Catheter Angiography
21(5)
General Guidelines
21(5)
Sedation and Anxiolysis
26(7)
Conscious Sedation
26(5)
Preprocedural and Intraprocedural Care
26(5)
Postprocedure Care
31(1)
Releasing the Patient
31(1)
Anxiolysis
31(2)
Children
31(1)
Adults
32(1)
Drugs Important in Neuroimaging
33(6)
Medications for Reactions to Contrast Media
33(1)
Suggested Management of Acute Allergic Reactions
34(1)
Endotracheal Tubes
35(1)
Prevention of Contrast Reactions in Allergic Patients
35(1)
Medications That May Affect the Performance of Invasive Procedures
35(1)
Medications (Generic Names) That May Lower Seizure Threshold
36(1)
Phenothiazine Derivatives
36(1)
MAO Inhibitors
36(1)
Tricyclic Antidepressants
36(1)
CNS Stimulants
36(1)
Antidepressants
37(1)
Antipsychotics
37(1)
Bronchodilators
37(1)
Immunomodifiers
37(1)
Narcotics
37(1)
Over-the-Counter Medications That Increase Bleeding Time
37(2)
Common Medications That Contain Aspirin or Its Derivatives (Trade Names)
37(1)
Common Medications That Contain Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents and May Affect Coagulation (Trade Names)
38(1)
MRI Compatibility Issues
39(2)
PART TWO Imaging Fundamentals
41(378)
Section A Brain
43(1)
Trauma
44(15)
Skull Fractures
44(2)
Epidural Hematoma
46(1)
Subdural Hematoma and Hygroma
47(2)
Diffuse Axonal Injury and Intermediary Injuries
49(2)
Contusions
51(1)
Traumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH)
52(2)
Child Abuse
54(2)
Pneumocephalus
56(1)
Arterial Dissection
57(2)
Stroke
59(34)
Acute Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction, CT
59(2)
Subacute Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction, CT
61(1)
Acute Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction, MRI
62(2)
Subacute Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction, MRI
64(2)
Acute Anterior and Posterior Cerebral Artery Infarctions
66(1)
Lacunar Infarctions
67(2)
Watershed Infarctions
69(1)
Hemorrhagic Infarction and Hemorrhagic Transformation
70(1)
Wallerian Degeneration
71(2)
Acute Cerebellar Infarctions
73(1)
Basilar Artery Thrombosis
74(2)
Generalized Brain Hypoxia/Ischemia
76(2)
Cortical Vein Thrombosis
78(1)
Superficial Venous Sinus Thrombosis
79(2)
Deep Venous System Occlusion
81(1)
Corpus Callosum Infarctions
82(2)
Hypertensive Encephalopathy
84(2)
Cerebral Vasculitis
86(1)
Moyamoya
87(2)
CADASIL
89(1)
Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis
90(2)
Fibromuscular Dysplasia
92(1)
Nontraumatic Hemorrhages
93(6)
Intracerebral Hemorrhage (Nontraumatic)
93(2)
Intracerebral Hemorrhage, MRI
95(2)
Germinal Matrix Hemorrhage
97(1)
Periventricular Leukomalacia
98(1)
Aneurysms
99(9)
Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm
99(2)
Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm
101(1)
Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysm
102(1)
Basilar Artery Tip Aneurysm
103(1)
Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Aneurysm
104(1)
Multiple Intracranial Aneurysms
105(1)
Posttraumatic Aneurysms (Pseudoaneurysms)
106(1)
Giant Aneurysm
107(1)
Vascular Malformations
108(11)
Arteriovenous Malformation
108(2)
Cavernous Malformation
110(2)
Venous Malformation
112(1)
Capillary Telangiectasia
113(2)
Dural Arteriovenous Malformation and Fistula
115(1)
Carotid Artery---Cavernous Sinus Fistula
116(2)
Vein of Galen Malformation
118(1)
Extra-Axial Tumors
119(16)
Meningioma
119(2)
Epidermoid
121(2)
Dermoid
123(1)
Lipoma
124(2)
Choroid Plexus Tumors
126(2)
Pituitary Adenoma
128(1)
Craniopharyngioma
129(1)
Pineal Gland Tumors
130(2)
Colloid Cyst
132(2)
Arachnoid Cyst
134(1)
Intra-Axial Tumors
135(17)
Supratentorial
135(12)
Astrocytoma (Low Grade, WHO Grade 2)
135(2)
Anaplastic Astrocytoma (WHO Grade 3)
137(1)
Glioblastoma Multiforme (WHO Grade 4)
138(1)
Gliomatosis Cerebri
139(1)
Oligodendroglioma (WHO Grade 2)
140(2)
Ependymoma (WHO Grades 2 and 3)
142(1)
Neuronal Cell Tumors
143(1)
Metastases
144(2)
Lymphoma, Primary
146(1)
Infratentorial Tumors
147(5)
Pylocytic Astrocytoma (WHO grade 1)
147(1)
Brain Stem Astrocytoma
148(1)
Medulloblastoma (PNET-MB, WHO grade 4)
149(1)
Hemangioblastoma (WHO grade 1)
150(1)
Dysplastic Cerebellar Gangliocytoma (Llhermitte-Duclos disease)
151(1)
Infections and Inflammations
152(21)
Meningitis, Uncomplicated
152(2)
Meningitis, Complicated
154(1)
Cerebral Abscess
155(2)
Viral Encephalitis
157(2)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
159(1)
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy
160(1)
Toxoplasmosis
161(2)
Cryptococcus
163(1)
Tuberculosis
164(1)
Cysticercosis
165(2)
Sarcoidosis
167(1)
Multiple Sclerosis
168(2)
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis
170(1)
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
171(1)
Rasmussen Encephalitis
172(1)
Leukodystrophies
173(7)
Adrenoleukodystrophy
173(2)
Metachromatic Leukodystrophy
175(1)
Alexander Disease
176(1)
Canavan Disease
177(1)
Krabbe Disease
178(1)
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease
179(1)
Metabolic Disorders
180(7)
Amino Acid Disorders
180(2)
Mucopolysaccharidoses
182(1)
Mitochondrial Disorders
183(1)
Wilson Disease (Hepatolenticular Degeneration)
184(1)
Wernicke Encephalopathy and Other Alcohol-Related Disorders
185(1)
Cerebral Calcifications
186(1)
Degenerative and latrogenic Disorders
187(15)
Neurodegeneration with Iron Accumulation (Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome)
187(2)
Hippocampal Sclerosis
189(1)
Huntington Disease (Chorea)
190(1)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
191(1)
Alzheimer Disease
192(1)
Multisystem Atrophy
193(2)
Carbon Monoxide and Methanol Intoxication
195(1)
Radiation Injury
196(2)
Liver Failure and Total Parenteral Nutrition
198(1)
Pontine and Extrapontine Osmotic Myelinolysis
199(1)
Hyperglycemia
200(1)
Intracranial Hypotension
201(1)
Congenital Malformations
202(18)
Aqueductal Stenosis
202(2)
Chiari Malformation Type I
204(1)
Chiari Malformation Type II
205(2)
Occipital and Parietal Encephalocele
207(1)
Sincipital Encephalocele
208(1)
Dandy-Walker Complex
209(1)
Agenesis of Corpus Callosum
210(2)
Septo-Optic Dysplasia
212(1)
Holoprosencephaly
213(2)
Schizencephaly
215(1)
Agyria-Pachygyria Complex and Band Heterotopia
216(1)
Focal Gray Matter Heterotopia
217(1)
Cortical Dysplasias
218(2)
Neurocutaneous Syndromes
220(14)
Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Astrocytoma and Neurofibroma
220(2)
Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Myelin Vacuolization
222(1)
Neurofibromatosis Types 1 and 2, Spine Abnormalities
223(1)
Neurofibromatosis Type 2, Schwannomas and Meningiomas
224(2)
Tuberous Sclerosis, Hamartomas
226(2)
Tuberous Sclerosis, Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma
228(1)
Von Hippel-Lindau Disease
229(2)
Sturge-Weber Syndrome
231(2)
Section B Spine
233(1)
Degenerative Disease
234(17)
Annular Tears
234(2)
Schmorl Nodes
236(2)
Herniated Disc, Lumbar Spine
238(2)
Herniated Disc, Free Fragment, Lumbar Spine
240(1)
Herniated Disc, Cervical Spine
241(1)
Recurrent and Residual Herniated Disc, Lumbar Spine
242(1)
Postsurgical Epidural Fibrosis, Lumbar Spine
243(1)
Arachnoiditis
244(1)
Enhancing Lumbar Nerve Root Related to Degenerative Disease
245(1)
Facet Cysts, Lumbar Spine
246(1)
Spondylolysis, Lumbar Spine
247(1)
Ossified Posterior Longitudinal Ligament
248(2)
Paget Disease
250(1)
Tumor and Tumorlike Conditions
251(21)
Vertebral Metastases
251(2)
Spinal Cord and Leptomeningeal Metastases
253(2)
Spinal Cord Astrocytoma
255(2)
Spinal Cord Ependymoma
257(1)
Spinal Schwannoma and Meningioma
258(2)
Vertebral Body Hemangioma
260(2)
Aneurysmal Bone Cyst
262(1)
Osteoid Osteoma
263(1)
Eosinophilic Granuloma
264(1)
Chordoma
265(2)
Spinal Cord Cysts, Non-neoplastic
267(2)
Perineural (Tarlov's) Cysts
269(2)
Epidural Lipomatosis
271(1)
Vascular Disorders
272(8)
Spinal Cord Cavernous Malformation
272(2)
Spinal Cord Arteriovenous Malformations
274(1)
Spinal Arteriovenous Fistula
275(2)
Spinal Cord Infarction
277(1)
Spinal Epidural and Subdural Hematoma
278(2)
Infections and Inflammations
280(12)
Ankylosing Spondylitis
280(2)
Spondylitis and Discitis, Pyogenic
282(2)
Epidural and Subdural Abscesses
284(1)
Tuberculosis
285(2)
Guillain-Barre Syndrome
287(1)
Hypertrophic Polyneuropathies
288(2)
Rheumatoid Arthritis
290(2)
Trauma
292(16)
Occipito-Atlanto Dislocation
292(2)
Jefferson Fracture
294(1)
Odontoid Fractures
295(1)
Hangman Fracture
296(2)
Unilateral Facet Dislocation
298(1)
Bilateral Facet Dislocation
299(2)
Benign Compression Fracture
301(2)
Pathologic (Malignant) Compression Fracture
303(1)
Chance-Type Fractures
304(1)
Spinal Cord Contusion
305(1)
Acute Traumatic Spinal Cord Hematoma and Transection
306(2)
Congenital Malformations
308(10)
Myelomeningocele
308(2)
Lipomyelomeningocele
310(1)
Lipomas
311(2)
Dermoid and Epidermoid
313(2)
Diastematomyelia
315(2)
Caudal Agenesis Syndrome
317(1)
Brachial Plexus
318(10)
Nerve Root Avulsion
318(1)
Brachial Plexus Schwannoma
319(1)
Brachial Plexus Plexiform Neurofibroma
320(1)
Brachial Plexus Lipoma and Liposarcoma
321(1)
Brachial Plexus Metastases
322(1)
Pancoast Tumor Involving the Brachial Plexus
323(1)
Vascular Injuries and the Brachial Plexus
324(1)
Viral and Idiopathic Plexitis
325(1)
Radiation-Induced Brachial Plexitis
326(1)
Section C Head and Neck
327(1)
Neck Masses
328(31)
Nasopharyngeal Masses
328(2)
Parapharyngeal Space Masses
330(1)
Parotid Space Masses
331(1)
Retropharyngeal Space Masses
332(2)
Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Space Masses
334(2)
Masticator Space Masses
336(1)
Buccal Space Masses
337(2)
Sublingual and Submandibular Space Masses
339(2)
Nodal Metastases
341(2)
Carotid Space Masses
343(2)
Laryngeal Masses
345(1)
Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma
346(1)
Paraganglioma
347(1)
Hemangioma
348(1)
Veno-Lymphatic Malformation
349(1)
Branchial Cleft Cyst
350(1)
Thyroglossal Duct Cyst
351(1)
Thyroid Masses
352(2)
Sialolithiasis
354(2)
Tornwaldt Cyst
356(1)
Fissural Cysts
357(2)
Sinonasal Cavities
359(17)
Developmental Anomalies of the Ostiomeatal Complex
359(2)
Ostiomeatal Unit, Obstruction
361(1)
Mucous Retention Cysts
362(2)
Sinonasal Polyposis
364(2)
Acute (Uncomplicated) Sinusitis
366(1)
Fungal Sinusitis
367(2)
Paranasal Sinus Malignancy
369(1)
Mucocele
370(1)
Papilloma
371(1)
Fibro-Osseous Lesions of Sinonasal Cavities
372(1)
Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak
373(1)
Wegener Granulomatosis
374(2)
Temporal Bone
376(15)
Temporal Bone Fractures
376(2)
Vestibular Schwannoma
378(1)
Facial Nerve Schwannoma
379(1)
Enlarged Endolymphatic Sac (Large Vestibular Aqueduct) Syndrome
380(2)
Bell Palsy
382(1)
Labyrinthitis Obliterans
383(1)
Glomus Tympanicum
384(1)
Vascular Anomalies and Variants, Middle Ear
385(2)
Cholesteatoma, Acquired (Secondary)
387(1)
Cholesterol Granuloma
388(2)
Otospongiosis
390(1)
Orbits
391(28)
Orbital Pathology
391(28)
Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous
391(2)
Globe Calcifications
393(2)
Retinoblastoma (PNET-RB)
395(2)
Orbital Cavernous Hemangioma (Adult Type)
397(2)
Orbital Lymphangioma
399(1)
Melanoma
400(2)
Lacrimal Gland Masses
402(2)
Orbital Dermoid
404(2)
Optic Neuritis
406(1)
Inflammatory Pseudotumor
407(2)
Graves' Ophthalmopathy
409(1)
Orbital Cellulitis and Abscess
410(1)
Detachments and Effusions
411(2)
Orbital Cavity Trauma
413(1)
Ocular Trauma
414(2)
Posttreatment Changes
416(3)
Index 419

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