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Neuroscience : Fundamentals for Rehabilitation,9780721693736
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Neuroscience : Fundamentals for Rehabilitation

by
ISBN13:

9780721693736

ISBN10:
0721693733
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/27/2002
Publisher(s):
ELSEVIER SAUNDERS PUBLISHING
List Price: $61.95
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Summary

"This practical guide to neuroscience focuses on the evidence-based information that is most relevant to the practice of physical rehabilitation. Stories written by real people with neurological disorders, case studies, and lists summarizing key features of neurological disorders help you connect the theory of neuroscience with real-world clinical application."--BOOK JACKET.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Neuroscience
1(20)
What Is Neuroscience?
2(1)
Organization of This Book
3(2)
Introduction to Neuroanatomy
5(12)
Clinical Application of Learning Neuroscience
17(4)
Physical and Electrical Properties of Cells in the Nervous System
21(28)
Anne Burleigh-Jacobs
Lisa Stehno-Bittel
Neural Stem Cells
22(1)
Supporting Cells
22(6)
Structure of Neurons
28(3)
Transmission of Information by Neurons
31(12)
Direction of Information Flow in Neurons
43(1)
Interactions Between Neurons
43(6)
Synapses and Synaptic Transmissions
49(18)
Anne Burleigh-Jacobs
Lisa Stehno-Bittel
Introduction
50(2)
Electrical Potentials at Synapses
52(3)
Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators
55(1)
Neurotransmitters
55(1)
Neuromodulators
55(2)
Synaptic Receptors
57(6)
Neurotransmitter/Neuromodulator Agonists and Antagonists
63(1)
Diseases Affecting the Neuromuscular Junction
63(4)
Neuroplasticity
67(14)
Anne Burleigh-Jacobs
Lisa Stehno-Bittel
Introduction
67(1)
Habituation
68(1)
Learning and Memory
68(2)
Cellular Recovery from Injury
70(5)
Metabolic Effects of Brain Injury
75(1)
Effects of Rehabilitation on Plasticity
76(1)
Neurotransplantation and Stereotaxic Surgical Aproaches
77(4)
Development of the Nervous System
81(18)
Introduction
82(1)
Developmental Stages in Utero
82(2)
Formation of the Nervous System
84(4)
Cellular-Level Development
88(2)
Developmental Disorders: In Utero and Perinatal Damage of the Nervous System
90(5)
Nervous System Changes During Infancy
95(4)
Somatosensory System
99(24)
Introduction
99(1)
Peripheral Somatosensory Neurons
100(6)
Pathways to the Brain
106(3)
Dorsal Column/Medial Lemniscus System
109(2)
Anterolateral Columns
111(8)
Unconscious Relay Tracts to the Cerebellum
119(4)
Somatosensation: Clinical Applications
123(30)
Introduction
124(1)
Testing Somatosensation
124(4)
Electrodiagnostic Studies
128(3)
Sensory Syndromes
131(4)
Clinical Perspective on Pain
135(2)
Specific Types of Pain
137(16)
Autonomic Nervous System
153(16)
Receptors
154(1)
Afferent Pathways
154(1)
Central Regulation of Visceral Function
154(2)
Efferent Pathways
156(2)
Sympathetic Nervous System
158(4)
Parasympathetic Nervous System
162(2)
Clinical Correlations
164(5)
Motor System
169(50)
Introduction
170(1)
Muscle Structure and Function
171(9)
Lower Motor Neurons
180(1)
Spinal Region
181(7)
Descending Motor Tracts (Upper Motor Neurons)
188(5)
Clinical Disorders of Motor Neurons
193(4)
Disorders of Lower Motor Neurons
197(2)
Upper Motor Neuron Syndrome
199(7)
Evaluation of Movement Impairments in Chronic Upper Motor Neuron Lesions
206(1)
Types of Upper Motor Neuron Lesions
206(2)
Interventions for Impairments Secondary to Upper Motor Neuron Lesions
208(4)
Degeneration of the Voluntary Motor System
212(7)
Basal Ganglia, Cerebellum, and Movement
219(32)
Basal Ganglia
220(2)
Pathology of the Basal Ganglia
222(1)
Parkinson's Disease
222(6)
Parkinsonism
228(1)
Multiple System Atrophy
228(1)
Huntington's Disease
229(1)
Dystonia
229(2)
Cerebellum
231(4)
Clinical Disorders of the Cerebellum
235(3)
Summary of Normal Motor Control
238(1)
Three Fundamental Types of Movement
238(6)
Testing the Motor System
244(7)
Peripheral Nervous System
251(16)
Introduction
252(1)
Anatomy of Peripheral Nerves
252(1)
Neuromuscular Junction
253(3)
Dysfunction of Peripheral Nerves
256(1)
Classification of Neuropathies
256(5)
Dysfunctions of the Neuromuscular Junction
261(1)
Myopathy
261(1)
Electrodiagnostic Studies
261(2)
Clinical Application
263(4)
Spinal Region
267(30)
Anatomy of the Spinal Region
268(4)
Functions of the Spinal Cord
272(2)
Spinal Cord Motor Coordination
274(2)
Spinal Control of Pelvic Organ Function
276(1)
Effects of Segmental and Tract Lesions in the Spinal Region
277(4)
Spinal Region Syndromes
281(2)
Effects of Spinal Region Dysfunction on Pelvic Organ Function
283(1)
Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury
284(6)
Specific Disorders Affecting Spinal Region Function
290(7)
Cranial Nerves
297(30)
Introduction
298(1)
Cranial Nerve I: Olfactory
299(1)
Cranial Nerve II: Optic
299(1)
Cranial Nerves III, IV, and VI: Oculomotor, Trochlear, and Abducens
299(6)
Cranical Nerve V: Trigeminal
305(3)
Cranial Nerve VII: Facial
308(1)
Cranial Nerve VIII: Vestibulocochlear
309(3)
Cranial Nerve IX: Glossopharyngeal
312(1)
Cranial Nerve X: Vagus
313(1)
Cranial Nerve XI: Accessory
314(1)
Cranial Nerve XII: Hypoglossal
314(1)
Cranial Nerves Involved in Swallowing and Speaking
315(1)
Systems Controlling Cranial Nerve Lower Motor Neurons
315(1)
Systems Controlling Cranial Nerve Lower Motor Neurons
315(1)
Disorders of the Cranial Nerves
315(5)
Testing Cranial Nerves
320(7)
Brain Stem Region
327(22)
Introduction
327(1)
Anatomy of the Brain Stem
328(2)
Reticular Formation
330(1)
Reticular Nuclei and Their Neuromodulators
331(3)
Medulla
334(3)
Pons
337(1)
Midbrain
338(1)
Cerebullum
339(1)
Disorders in the Brain Stem Region
339(10)
Vestibular and Visual Systems
349(34)
Vestibular System
349(1)
Vestibular Apparatus
350(2)
Central Vestibular System
352(2)
Vestibular Role in Motor Control
354(2)
Visual System
356(1)
Eye Movement System
357(1)
Vestibulo-ocular Reflexes
358(1)
Optokinetic Reflex
359(2)
Direction of Gaze
361(3)
Perception: Inhibitory Visual-Vestibular Interaction in the Cerebral Cortex
364(1)
Disorders of the Vestibular and Visual Systems
364(6)
Disorders of the Eye Movement System
370(1)
Motion Sickness
370(1)
Examining the Vestibular System
370(3)
Examining the Visual and Eye Movement Systems
373(1)
Rehabilitation in Vestibular Disorders
374(9)
Cerebrum
383(26)
Introduction
383(1)
Diencephalon
384(2)
Subcortical Structures
386(3)
Cerebral Cortex
389(7)
Limbic System
396(2)
Emotions and Behavior
398(1)
Psychological and Somatic Interactions
399(1)
Memory
400(3)
Communication
403(1)
Perception
404(1)
Comprehension of Spatial Relationships
404(1)
Use of Visual Information
404(2)
Consciousness
406(3)
Cerebrum: Clinical Applications
409(24)
Sites of Damage to Cerebral Systems
410(1)
Disorders of Specific Areas of the Cerebral Cortex
411(3)
Disorders of Emotions
414(1)
Memory Disorders
415(1)
Language Disorders
415(1)
Disorders of Nonverbal Communication
416(1)
Neglect
416(2)
Inability to Use Visual Information
418(1)
Ipsilateral Pushing
418(1)
Diseases and Disorders Affecting Cerebral Function
419(5)
Testing Cerebral Function
424(9)
Support Systems: Blood Supply and Cerebrospinal Fluid System
433(20)
Introduction
434(1)
Cerebrospinal Fluid System
434(9)
Stroke Signs and Symptoms by Arterial Location
443(10)
Appendix Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators 453(4)
Introduction
453(1)
Neurotransmitters
453(1)
Neuromodulators
454(3)
Answers 457(22)
Glossary 479(18)
Index 497


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