New Directions in Genocide Research

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  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2012-01-10
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Genocide studies is a relatively new field of comparative inquiry, but recent years have seen an increasing range of themes and subject-matter being addressed reflecting a variety of features of the field and transformations within it. This edited book brings together established scholars with rising stars and seeks to capture the range of new approaches, theories and case studies in the field. The book is split into three broad sections: Section Ifocuses on broad theories of comparative genocide, covering a number of different perspectives. Section IIcritically reconsiders core themes of genocide studies, including humanitarian intervention and the role of bystanders; and unfolds a range of challenging new directions, including the forcible transfer of children as a genocidal strategy, cultural genocide, the art and architecture of genocide, gender and genocide, structural violence, and the novel application of remote-sensing technologies to the detection and study of genocide. Section IIis case-study focused, seeking to place both canonical and little-known cases of genocide in broader comparative perspective. Cases analyzed include genocide in North America, the Nazi Holocaust, the Armenian genocide, and the Sri Lankan genocide. The combination of cutting-edge scholarship and innovative approaches to familiar subjects makes this essential reading for all students and scholars in the field of genocide studies.

Author Biography

Adam Jones is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia Okanagan in Kelowna, Canada. His recent books include Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction (2nd edition, 20101 and Gender Inclusive: Essays on Violence, Men, and Feminist International Relations (2009).

Table of Contents

List of figuresp. ix
List of tablesp. xi
Notes on contributorsp. xiii
Editor's preface: the present and future of genocide studiesp. xix
Acknowledgmentsp. xxix
Theoriesp. 1
From Definition to Process: the effects and roots of genocidep. 3
Sampling and boundariesp. 5
Law and final outcomesp. 8
Genocide and genocidesp. 9
Perpetrators and victimsp. 11
Old assumptions, new directions, and genocide preventionp. 13
Notesp. 15
The Concept of "Genocidal Social Practices"p. 18
Genocide as a social practicep. 19
Genocide and the reformulation of social relationsp. 21
Toward an attempt at periodizationp. 23
The denial of the identity of victimsp. 28
The transference of guiltp. 31
Horror and paralysisp. 31
Reformulating social relations: a struggle for identityp. 32
Notesp. 33
Genocidal Moralities: a critiquep. 37
Introductionp. 37
Part 1: the sociology of moralityp. 39
Part 2: genocidal moralitiesp. 45
Conclusionp. 51
Notesp. 51
Themesp. 55
The Destruction of Sarajevo's Vijecnica: a case of genocidal cultural destruction?p. 57
Introductionp. 57
Cultural destruction: legal precedentsp. 60
Lemkin and the concept of genocidal cultural destructionp. 60
Cultural destruction and genocidal intentp. 65
Cultural destruction and genocidal intent: reevaluating the Vijecnicap. 66
Conclusionp. 68
Notesp. 69
Genocidal Masculinityp. 76
Men and genocidep. 78
Genocidal masculinity and patriarchyp. 80
Genocidal masculinity and the familyp. 84
Genocidal masculinity and life force atrocitiesp. 87
Conclusionp. 91
Notesp. 92
Invisible Males: a critical assessment of UN gender mainstreaming policies in the Congolese genocidep. 96
Introductionp. 96
Patterns of gender-based violence during genocidep. 97
Gender-based violence in the DRCp. 98
Gender policies at the UN: gender mainstreaming?p. 102
The UN's gender policies in the DRCp. 104
Acknowledging gendercidep. 105
Conclusionp. 107
Notesp. 108
Tracking Evidence of Genocide through Environmental Change: applying remote sensing to the study of genocidep. 113
Introductionp. 113
Research approachesp. 114
Guatemalap. 115
Rwandap. 118
East Timorp. 119
Darfurp. 121
Prevention, intervention, and evidence obtentionp. 125
Legal applicationsp. 126
Conclusionp. 128
Notesp. 128
Genocide and Structural Violence: charting the terrainp. 132
Introductionp. 132
Structural violence and the genocidal continuump. 133
Structural violence and genocidal intentp. 134
Cases (1): a brief summaryp. 135
Cases (2): parameters of evaluationp. 142
Strategies of intervention and preventionp. 144
Conclusionp. 147
Notesp. 148
Moral Bystanders and Mass Violencep. 153
The bystanderp. 154
Elements of moral bystandingp. 158
Complexity in bystander behaviorp. 161
Motive and actionp. 164
Conclusionp. 166
Notesp. 166
Casesp. 169
When "The World Was Turned Upside Down": California and Oregon's Tolowa Indian genocide, 1851-1856p. 171
Taa-laa-waa-dvn before 1851p. 172
Phase I: the killings begin, 1851 -1853p. 174
Phase II: organized massacres, 1853p. 175
Phase III: state-supported killingp. 179
Aftermath: reservationsp. 186
Genocidep. 189
Acknowledgmentsp. 192
Notesp. 192
Fresh Understandings of the Armenian Genocide: mapping new terrain with old questionsp. 198
Introductionp. 198
The structure of the genocidal processp. 199
The macro (inter-state) contextp. 200
The meso (intra-societal) contextp. 203
The micro level: ordinary peoplep. 206
Conclusionp. 210
Notesp. 210
Sri Lanka and Genocidal Violence: from retrospective to prospective researchp. 215
Conceptual limitationsp. 217
Sri Lanka: a historical and socio-economic investigationp. 218
Conclusion: research implicationsp. 225
Notesp. 226
Researching Genocide in Africa: establishing ethnological and historical contextp. 231
Introductionp. 231
The anthropology of genocidep. 232
Arab versus African: the Western pop narrative of Darfurp. 233
Racial constructions and social patterns in Darfurp. 237
The onset of war, the collapse of the social order, and native administrationp. 241
Conclusionp. 246
Notesp. 248
The Challenge of Social Reconciliation in Rwanda: identity, justice, and transformationp. 254
Genocide and the challenges of reconciliationp. 255
Genocide's legacy in Rwandap. 257
The experience in Rwandap. 260
Conclusionp. 265
Notesp. 267
Selected bibliographyp. 270
Indexp. 274
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