9780805848571

Non-Western Educational Traditions : Indigenous Approaches to Educational Thought and Practice

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780805848571

  • ISBN10:

    0805848576

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-08-12
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

This text provides a brief yet comprehensive overview of a number of non-Western approaches to educational thought and practice. Its premise is that understanding the ways that other people educate their children--as well as what counts for them as "education"--may help us think more clearly about some of our own assumptions and values, and to become more open to alternative viewpoints about important educational matters. The value of this informative, mind-opening text for preservice and in-service teacher education courses is enhanced by "Questions for Discussion and Reflection" and "Recommended Further Readings" included in each chapter. New in the Third Edition: *Chapter 2, "Conceptualizing Culture:" 'I, We, and The Other,' is new to this edition. It is a response to feedback about the problems inherent in our general discourse about "culture," and in addition provides an example of a culture that is near to us but nevertheless alien-the culture of the Deaf-World. *Chapter 9-which deals with Islam and traditional Muslim education-has been substantially revised. *The subtitle of the Third Edition has been changed to Indigenous Approaches to Educational Thought and Practice, reflecting not so much a change in the emphases found in the book, but rather, a recognition of the growing scholarly interest in indigenous peoples, their languages, cultures, and histories. *Various points throughout the text have been expanded and clarified, and chapters have been updated as needed.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
An Introduction to the Study of Non-Western and Indigenous Educational Traditions: A Philosophical Starting Point
1(28)
The Challenge of Ethnocentrism
4(4)
The Role of Constructivist Epistemology in the Study of Indigenous Educational Traditions
8(2)
The Concept of ``Tradition'' and Its Limits
10(1)
The Western--Non-Western Dichotomy
11(1)
Learning from Oral Traditions
11(3)
E.T., the Lost Continent of Atlantis, and Cannibalism: Some Reflections on Credibility and ``Otherness''
14(2)
Commonality and Diversity in Indigenous Traditions
16(1)
Positionality and Non-Western Educational Traditions
17(2)
Conclusions
19(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
19(1)
Recommended Further Readings
20(1)
Notes
21(8)
Conceptualizing Culture: ``I, We, and the Other''
29(26)
Understanding Culture: The Role of Anthropology
30(3)
The Misrepresentation of Culture
33(3)
Issues of Culture, Power, and Dominance
36(1)
What Is ``Western'' Culture?
36(1)
The Culture of the DEAF-WORLD
37(8)
Concluding Thoughts
45(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
46(1)
Recommended Further Readings
47(1)
Notes
48(7)
``A Wise Child Is Talked to in Proverbs'': Indigenous African Educational Thought and Practice
55(36)
The History of Africa: A Brief Overview
56(4)
The Goals of Indigenous African Education
60(3)
The Oral Tradition in Indigenous African Education
63(7)
Indigenous African Education as Moral Education
70(1)
The Process of Initiation
71(2)
Vocational Aspects of Indigenous African Education
73(5)
Afrocentrism and the Romanticization of Africa
78(2)
Concluding Thoughts
80(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
81(1)
Recommended Further Readings
82(1)
Notes
82(9)
Training ``Face and Heart'': The Mesoamerican Educational Experience
91(26)
Educational Thought and Practice in Classic Mayan Society
93(2)
The Aztec Case
95(1)
The Aztec World
96(5)
The Aztec Conception of the ``Educated Person''
101(3)
The Educational Functions of the Family in Aztec Society
104(1)
Formal Schooling in Aztec Society
104(3)
Conclusions
107(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
107(1)
Recommended Further Readings
108(1)
Notes
109(8)
``Finding the True Meaning of Life'': Indigenous Education in North America
117(18)
The Core Belief System of Indigenous Americans
119(3)
Indigenous American Educational Beliefs and Practices
122(4)
Toward a Philosophy of Native American Education
126(2)
Conclusions
128(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
129(1)
Recommended Further Readings
130(1)
Notes
131(4)
Developing the Chun-tzu: Confucius and the Chinese Educational Heritage
135(28)
The Role of Confucian Thought in Traditional Chinese Education
138(4)
Traditional Chinese Educational Practice
142(3)
The Imperial Examination System
145(3)
Science, Technology, and Discovery in the Chinese Tradition
148(2)
Conclusions
150(3)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
153(2)
Recommended Further Readings
155(1)
Notes
155(8)
``An Intelligent Man Attends on a Wise Person'': Traditional Hindu and Buddhist Educational Thought and Practice
163(30)
The Origins of Hinduism
163(2)
The Vedic Tradition
165(3)
Hindu Beliefs and Practices
168(2)
Hindu Educational Thought
170(2)
Traditional Hindu Educational Practice
172(2)
The Case of Vedic Mathematics
174(1)
Hinduism: Tying It Together
175(1)
The Buddhist Tradition
176(1)
An Overview of Buddhism
177(4)
Historical Buddhist Educational Thought and Practice
181(2)
Higher Education in Ancient India
183(1)
Conclusions
184(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
184(1)
Recommended Further Readings
185(1)
Notes
186(7)
``Familiar Strangers'': The Case of the Rom
193(24)
A Word About Labels
194(1)
The Origins of the Rom
195(1)
The Challenge of Studying the Rom
196(1)
Cultural and Social Values and Norms
197(9)
The Fears and Realities of Persecution: ``Even Paranoids Have Enemies''
206(1)
Childrearing and Education
207(2)
Conclusions
209(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
210(1)
Recommended Further Readings
211(1)
Notes
211(6)
``No Gift Is Better Than Education'': The Islamic Educational Enterprise
217(30)
Islam: An Overview
219(11)
Islamic Philosophy of Education
230(3)
Traditional Islamic Educational Practice
233(3)
Conclusions
236(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
237(1)
Recommended Further Readings
238(1)
Notes
239(8)
Themes and Lessons in the Study of Non-Western Educational Traditions: Toward a Beginning
247(10)
Some Common Themes in Indigenous Educational Traditions
247(4)
The Epistemology and Epistemological Challenge of Indigenous Knowledges
251(1)
Areas for Future Research
252(2)
Conclusions
254(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
254(1)
Recommended Further Readings
255(1)
Notes
255(2)
Bibliography 257(34)
Author Index 291(4)
Subject Index 295

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