North American Wildlife Policy and Law

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2018-08-07
  • Publisher: Boone and Crockett Club

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Students, university faculty, and wildlife professionals now have an indispensable book that provides a full and accurate account of natural resource policy and law as it relates to wildlife in North America and beyond. The comprehensive text begins with an in-depth examination of wildlife policy and law, creating a foundation for the subsequent detailed material.

This introductory section covers the need and history of wildlife policy and law, wildlife and gun ownership, history of wildlife law and law enforcement, jurisdictional issues among federal, state, provincial, and indigenous peoples as they relate to natural resource management, processes by which policy and laws are formed at various levels of government, statutory law and agency rule-making, relationships of indigenous peoples to natural resources, and usage of natural resources for subsistence.

With this foundation set, readers are greeted with informative sections covering:
  • The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation and Public Trust Doctrine,
  • Federal and Canadian jurisdiction, with detailed discussions on dozens of acts including their impacts and challenges, ranging from the Lacey Act to the Wilderness Act, Endangered Species Act, Clean Air Act, and others,
  • The how and why behind federal, state and provincial agencies, and conservation organizations,
  • An overview of international wildlife conservation and how it contrasts with North American policy,
  • The policy job in conservation and what processes are involved when developing and implementing policy and law, and
  • The various roles of the citizenry and wildlife professionals in policy making.

The book concludes with an informative discussion of the politics of managing wildlife and natural resources, including roles of political parties, elected officials, government agencies, the courts, non-profit organizations, the public and the media.

Contributors include professors from prominent wildlife programs across the country and throughout the world, biologists holding top-level jobs in government agencies, and current natural resource professionals on the ground in Washington, D.C.

Author Biography

Bruce D. Leopold recently retired from Mississippi State University as head of the Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Aquaculture (Sharp Distinguished Professor) and Fellow and past president of The Wildlife Society. He resides in Starkville, MS.

James L. Cummins, a certified fisheries and wildlife biologist by training, is Executive Director of Wildlife Mississippi and Vice President of the Boone and Crockett Club. He has conceptualized and worked to pass numerous pieces of legislation to protect, recover and enhance forests, wetlands, prairie, wildlife and endangered species, primarily with private landowners through the federal tax code and the Farm Bill. He resides in Leland, MS.

Winifred B. Kessler is a certified wildlife biologist, fellow, and past president of The Wildlife Society who retired as a regional director of the U.S. Forest Service. Her innovative and integrated approach to natural resources education earned her the British Columbia Academic of the Year Award in 1997. She resides in Prince George, BC.

Table of Contents


Preface (Doug Brinkley)
Foreword (Morrison Stevens Sr.)

Section I. Foundations of Wildlife Policy and Law
1. Introduction to Wildlife Policy and Law (Leopold, Cummins, & Kessler)
2. The Need for Wildlife Conservation and Policy (Robert Brown)
3. History of Wildlife Law and Law Enforcement (Bruce Leopold)
4. Wildlife Ownership (Bruce Leopold)
5. Gun Ownership (Warren Eastland)
6. Jurisdiction of Federal, State/Provincial Governments in Wildlife Law Development and Enforcement (Nicholas Wiley)
7. Development of Federal, State and Provincial Laws (Leopold, Cummins, & Kessler)
8. United States Constitution and Wildlife Policy (David Anderson)
9. Canadian Constitution and Wildlife Policy (Winifred Kessler)
10. Statutory Law and Agency Rule-making (Mark E. Rey)
11. Enforcement of Laws and Policies (Jim Heffelfinger and Gabriel Paz)
12. Indigenous Peoples (Serra Hoagland)
13. Usage of Natural Resources for Subsistence – Concepts, Policy and Laws (Steve Kessler)

Section II. The North American Model of Wildlife
14. Conservation and Public Trust Doctrine (John Organ)

Section III. Federal Jurisdiction (United States)
15. Actions During Colonial Times (Bruce Leopold)
16. Market Hunting and the Lacey and Black Bass Acts (Steve Williams and Jon Gassett)
17. Migratory Wildlife – Relevant Acts (W. Alan Wentz)
18. Federal Aid in Wildlife and Fisheries Restoration (John Organ)
19. Reservation/Protection of Land (William W. Taylor)
20. Species Protection (William F. Porter & Russ Mason)
21. Environmental Protection (Andrew Smith)
22. Landowner Wildlife Incentive Programs (James Cummins)
23. Presidential Executive Orders – Their Relevance to Wildlife Policy (Mitchell Butler)
24. Role of the Judicial System (Carol Bamberry)
25. Legislative Processes for Funding Wildlife Conservation (Chris Topik & Greg Knadle)

Section IV. Jurisdiction in Canada
26. Role of Federal Government (Gary Goodwin)
27. Role of Provincial Governments (Gary Goodwin)
28. Role of NGOs in Policy Development (Gary Goodwin)
29. Rights and roles of Canada's First Nations Regarding Wildlife Resources (Annie Booth and Bruce R. Muir)

Section V. State, Provincial, and Conservation Organizations
30. Formation of Federal, State and Provincial Agencies and Conservation Organizations (Ron Regan)
31. Relevant State Policy and Laws (Perry Barboza)
32. Relevant Policy and Laws Related to Indigenous Peoples (Jack Blackwell)
33. Role of the NGO in Policy-making (James Cummins)

Section VI. International Conservation
34. Wildlife Policy and Laws in Europe (Arie Trouwborst and Klaus Hackländer)
35. Wildlife Policy and laws in Asia (Koichi Kaji)
36. Wildlife Policy and Laws in Africa (Gerhard Damm)
37. Wildlife Policy and Laws in Mexico (Julio Gallardo)
38. Wildlife Policy and Laws in Central America and the Caribbean
39. Wildlife Policy and Laws in South America (Francisco Vilella)
40. International Conventions and Treaties
41. International Trade in Wildlife (Dave Rippeto)

Section VII. The Policy Job in Conservation
42. The Policy Job in Conservation (Gary Taylor, Margaret Everson, Louie Perry, and Jeremy Witte)

Section VIII. Policy and Laws and the Public
43. The Role of the Public in Policy and Policy-making (Lyle Laverty)
44. The Wildlife Professional's Involvement in Policy and Policy-making (Tom Franklin)
45. The Politics of Wildlife and Natural Resources (James Cummins)

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