Nursing Theories: The Base for Professional Nursing Practice

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2002-01-01
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Designed as a tool to help nurses apply concepts and theories to practice, this book considers the ideas of well-known nursing theorists and relates the work of each tot he nursing process. Chapters are organized to relate the theorist's work to the nursing metaparadigm, the nursing process, characteristics of a theory, and strengths and limitations of the theory.Quanitiative and qualitative research methods now in each chapter. An emphasis on the use of nursing theory in clinical practice. Chapters on the work of Artinian and Conger, as well as the introduction of an interdisciplinary model.For nursing professionals.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
An Introduction to Nursing Theory
Janet S. Hickman
Nursing Theory in Clinical Practice
Joan S. Reeves
Charlotte Paul
Environmental Model: Florence Nightingale
Marie L. Lobo
Interpersonal Relations in Nursing: Hildegard E. Peplau
Janice V. R. Belcher
Lois J. Brittain Fish
Definitions and Components of Nursing: Virginia Henderson
Chiyoko Yamamoto Furukawa
Joan Swartz Howe
Care, Core, and Cure: Lydia E. Hall
Julia B. George
Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory: Dorothea E. Orem
Peggy Coldwell Foster
Agnes M. Bennett
Behavioral System Model: Dorothy E. Johnson
Marie L. Lobo
Patient Centered Approaches: Faye G. Abdellah
Suzanne M. Falco
Nursing Process Discipline: Ida Jean Orlando
Julia B. George
The Prescriptive Theory of Nursing: Ernestine Wiedenbach
Agnes M. Bennett
Peggy Coldwell Foster
The Conservation Principles, A model for Health: Myra E. Levine
Julia B. George
Systems Framework and Theory of Goal Attainment: Imogene M. King
Julia B. George
Science of Unitary Human Beings: Martha E. Rogers
Maryanne Garon
Roy Adaptation Model: Sister Callista Roy
Julia Gallagher Galbreath
The Neuman Systems Model: Betty Neuman
Julia B. George
Humanistic Nursing: Josephine G. Paterson and Loretta T. Zderad
Susan G. Praeger
Theory of Transpersonal Caring: Jean Watson
Jane H. Kelley
Brenda Johnson
Theory of Human Becoming: Rosemarie Rizzo Parse
Janet S. Hickman
The Modeling and Role-Modeling Theory: Helen C. Erickson, Evelyn M. Tomlin, and Mary Ann P. Swain
Noreen Cavan Frisch
Susan Stanwyck Bowman
Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality: Madeleine M. Leininger
Julia B. George
Health as Expanding Consciousness: Margaret Newman
Julia B. George
Nursing as Caring: Anne Boykin and Savina Schoenhofer
Julia B. George
Using Nursing Theory in Clinical Practice
Julia B. George
Nursing Theory and Practice with Other Disciplines
Glossary 587(12)
Index 599


A unique knowledge base, and the means to communicate it, are requisite for a profession. Nursing continues to be deeply involved in developing its own unique knowledge base and in educating students about it. In identifying this base, various concepts, models, and theories specific to nursing have been recognized, defined, and developed. Although these concepts, models, and theories have been published in a variety of journals and in books by individual theorists, there is a need for them to be gathered in one volume and applied to nursing practice to help the individual student and practitioner of nursing in making optimum use of theory in practice. OVERVIEWNursing Theories, 5th Editionis designed to consider the ideas of twenty-five nursing theorists and relate the work of each to the clinical practice of nursing. As appropriate, this application to practice may be within the framework of the nursing process or within the framework of the particular theory or model under discussion. It must be recognized that the book serves as a secondary source in relation to the statements and purposes of the individuals whose writings are discussed. It is intended as a tool for the thoughtful and considered application of nursing concepts and theories to nursing practice, and through four editions this book has served students in nursing programs and nurses in this country and around the world. This fifth edition is intended to continue this service.There are essentially four areas of focus. First, Chapters 1 and 2 present the place of concepts and theories in nursing and discuss the use of theory in nursing practice. These chapters provide a common base for the next twenty-two chapters and should be read first. In previous editions, Chapter 2 focused solely on the nursing process. In recognition of the number of theories that are based in qualitative relations and require qualitative research methods, and thus may be less than compatible with the nursing process, this chapter has been expanded to include other methods of guiding clinical practice.Next, Chapters 3 through 23 present the major components of the work of Florence Nightingale, Hildegard E. Peplau, Virginia Henderson, Lydia E. Hall, Dorothea E. Orem, Dorothy E. Johnson, Myra Estrin Levine, Imogene M. King, Martha E. Rogers, Sister Callista Roy, Betty Neuman, Josephine G. Paterson and Loretta T. Zderad, Jean Watson, Rosemarie Rizzo Parse, Helen Erickson, Evelyn M. Tomlin, and Mary Ann P. Swain, Madeleine M. Leininger, Margaret Newman, and Anne Boykin and Savina Schoenhofer. Each chapter presents one theorist (or group of theorists) and is a secondary source in relation to the contents of the theory. Each chapter is also a primary source in relation to the chapter author(s)'s work about the application of the theory to practice.Although an effort has been made to present the information chronologically, these chapters may be read in any order. Each chapter gives the historical setting of the nurse theorists) and the specific components identified as meaningful to nursing. This material is drawn from the work of each theorist or group of theorists. The components are then interpreted and discussed by the chapter authors in relation to the use of the theory in clinical practice and to at least the four basic concepts in nursing's meta paradigm: (1) the human or individual, (2) health, (3) society/environment, and (4) nursing. In addition, the work of each theorist is discussed in relation to the theory critique questions included in Chapter 1. This discussion is not to be considered a comprehensive critique of the work but rather an effort to give one view of the strengths and weaknesses of the work, and to stimulate the reader's thought processes about the characteristics of a theory and those of the particular work. The termstheory, model, conceptual framework,andconceptual modelare not used consistently in the nursin

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