Observing and Understanding Child Development A Child Study Manual

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-04-28
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing

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Observing and Understanding Child Development: A Child Study Manual is a text designed to help students and practitioners alike learn how to gather and interpret data to gain insight into child development. It covers observation, developmental domains including patterns of development, child development theory, and communication. It features a unique and vitally important chapter on art, music, and movement development, and also covers special needs children in every chapter. Combined with many wonderful activities and a CD-ROM that includes guided observations via streaming video, this book will move the reader through theory to application, and will remain a timely and important resource that can referenced again and again. This vital resource is also the perfect reference for the practicing professional and the dedicated parent.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
Unlocking the Door: The Keys to Observationp. 1
Observationp. 3
Chapter Objectivesp. 3
Child Study Objectivesp. 3
Introduction to Observationp. 4
Watching vs. Observingp. 4
Why Observe?p. 4
Systematic Observationp. 5
The Nature of Observationp. 7
Observation Etiquettep. 7
Take the First Stepp. 8
Of Special Interest-Assessing Children with Special Needsp. 8
Questions to Considerp. 14
Referencesp. 15
Anecdotal Recordsp. 16
Chapter Objectivesp. 16
Child Study Objectivesp. 16
Introduction to Anecdotal Recordingp. 17
The Nature of an Anecdotal Recordp. 17
The Advantages of Using Anecdotal Recordsp. 18
Writing the Anecdotal Record: Just the Factsp. 20
The Running Recordp. 23
Of Special Interest-Using Anecdotal Records to Assess Children with Special Needs and Identify Appropriate Interventionsp. 24
Questions to Considerp. 25
Referencesp. 25
Checklists and Rating Scalesp. 26
Chapter Objectivesp. 26
Child Study Objectivesp. 26
Overview of Checklists and Rating Scalesp. 27
How to Use Checklists and Rating Scalesp. 32
Creating a Checklist or Rating Scalep. 36
Of Special Interest-Checklists and Rating Scales for Children with Special Needsp. 41
Questions to Considerp. 41
Referencesp. 41
Structured Observationp. 43
Chapter Objectivesp. 43
Child Study Objectivesp. 43
Introduction to Structured Observationp. 44
Conducting a Structured Observationp. 47
Building Rapport with Childrenp. 50
Ethics of Conducting Structured Observationsp. 50
Of Special Interest-Functional Behavior Assessmentp. 52
Questions to Considerp. 55
Referencesp. 55
Visual Documentationp. 56
Chapter Objectivesp. 56
Child Study Objectivesp. 56
Introduction to Visual Documentationp. 57
Purpose of Visual Documentationp. 59
Reggio Emilia Educational Approachp. 60
Advantages of Visual Documentationp. 61
Developmental Significance of Children's Samplesp. 62
Gathering Visual Documentationp. 65
Of Special Interest-Children At Risk and Art Therapyp. 67
Questions to Considerp. 68
Referencesp. 68
Parent Questionnaire and Background Informationp. 70
Chapter Objectivesp. 70
Child Study Objectivesp. 70
Introduction to Family Involvement in the Assessment Processp. 71
The Scope of Parent Questionnairesp. 73
Designing Quality Questionnairesp. 74
Gathering Background Informationp. 77
Of Special Interest-Developing Goals and Objectives According to Family Needsp. 79
Questions to Considerp. 80
Referencesp. 80
Understanding Child Development: Developmental Concepts and Sequencesp. 81
Physical and Motor Developmentp. 83
Chapter Objectivesp. 83
Child Study Objectivesp. 83
Introduction to Physical and Motor Developmentp. 84
Brain Developmentp. 84
Concepts of Physical Growth and Developmentp. 87
Concepts of Motor Developmentp. 97
Of Special Interest-Sensory Integration Dysfunction/Sensory Processing Disorderp. 109
Questions to Considerp. 115
Referencesp. 115
Cognitive Developmentp. 117
Chapter Objectivesp. 117
Child Study Objectivesp. 117
Introduction to Cognitive Developmentp. 118
Brain Development: Synaptic Proliferationp. 120
Concepts of Cognitive Developmentp. 121
Of Special Interest-Symbolic Play in Children with Developmental Delaysp. 138
Questions to Considerp. 142
Referencesp. 142
Social Developmentp. 144
Chapter Objectivesp. 144
Child Study Objectivesp. 144
Introduction to Social Developmentp. 145
Brain Concepts Relevant to Social Developmentp. 145
Concepts of Social Developmentp. 147
Of Special Interest-Attachment Disordersp. 164
Questions to Considerp. 167
Referencesp. 167
Emotional Developmentp. 169
Chapter Objectivesp. 169
Child Study Objectivesp. 169
Introduction to Emotional Developmentp. 170
Brain Development Concepts: The Relationship between Trauma and Use-Dependent Developmentp. 170
The Components of Emotional Developmentp. 171
Introduction to Sense of Selfp. 180
Of Special Interest-Anxiety Disordersp. 184
Questions to Considerp. 185
Referencesp. 185
Language and Literacy Developmentp. 187
Chapter Objectivesp. 187
Child Study Objectivesp. 187
Introduction to the Language Domainp. 188
Brain Development and Languagep. 189
Modes of Languagep. 191
Development of Grammarp. 197
Components of Languagep. 198
Introduction to Literacyp. 203
Introduction to Writingp. 204
Introduction to Readingp. 210
Of Special Interest-Dyslexiap. 218
Questions to Considerp. 219
Referencesp. 219
The Creative Arts (By Mark Ahola)p. 221
Chapter Objectivesp. 221
Child Study Objectivesp. 221
Brain Development: The Mozart Effectp. 222
Introduction to Creativityp. 223
Introduction to Art and Music Developmentp. 227
Drawing Developmentp. 227
Music Developmentp. 234
Of Special Interest-The Child Who Is Artistically Giftedp. 241
Questions to Considerp. 243
Referencesp. 243
Interpreting Observations: Theoretical Perspectivesp. 245
Cognitive and Language Theoryp. 247
Chapter Objectivesp. 247
Child Study Objectivesp. 247
Introduction to Theories of Child Developmentp. 248
Piaget's Cognitive-Developmental Theoryp. 249
Montessori's Philosophyp. 255
Vygotsky's Social-Historical Theoryp. 259
Skinner's Behaviorist Theoryp. 262
Bandura's Social Learning Theoryp. 263
Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligencesp. 265
Chomsky's Nativist Theory of Languagep. 267
Questions to Considerp. 269
Referencesp. 269
Social, Emotional, and Creativity Theoryp. 270
Chapter Objectivesp. 270
Child Study Objectivesp. 270
Introduction to Theories of Social and Emotional Developmentp. 271
Erikson's Psychosocial Theoryp. 271
Greenspan's Theory of Emotional Developmentp. 276
Maslow's Hierarchical Theory of Developmentp. 279
Csikszentmihalyi's Theory of Creativityp. 282
Questions to Considerp. 284
Referencesp. 284
Putting It All Togetherp. 285
Writing the Reportsp. 287
Chapter Objectivesp. 287
Child Study Objectivesp. 287
Overview Of the Summary Reportsp. 288
Preparing to Write the Reportsp. 289
Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theoryp. 292
Designing the Reportp. 295
Organizationp. 296
Questions to Considerp. 300
Referencesp. 300
Preparing and Presenting the Child Studyp. 301
Chapter Objectivesp. 301
Child Study Objectivesp. 301
Introduction to Organizationp. 302
Steps in Organizing the Child Studyp. 302
Questions to Considerp. 304
Indexp. 305
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