Outlines & Highlights for: Positive Psychology: Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-06-08
  • Publisher: INGRAM
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Written by two leaders of the positive psychology initiative, this groundbreaking new text brings positive social science to life through a comprehensive review of literature and well-crafted exercises that encourage readers to put positive psychology principles to the test. Positive Psychology: Scientific and Practical Applications of Human Strengths covers western and eastern approaches to understanding human strengths, along with the cultural and developmental influences on positive functioning. Key approaches for measuring and enhancing strengths and capitalizing on positive experiences are described.

Table of Contents

Looking At Psychology from A Positive Perspective
Welcome to Positive Psychology
Going From the Negative to the Positive
Positive Psychology Seeks a Balanced, More Complete View of Human Functioning
Where We Are Now and What We Will Ask
What's Your Face? A Positive Psychology Passport Picture
A Guide to This Book
The Big Picture
Key Terms
Western Perspective on Positive Psychology
Hope: Ubiquitous Yet Hidden
Hope as Part of Greek Mythology
Religious Hope in Western Civilization
Revision of the History of Hope in Western Civilization
Key Terms
Eastern Perspectives on Positive Psychology
A Matter of Perspective
Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Hinduism
East Meets West
Different Ways to Positive Outcomes
Final Thoughts
Key Terms
Classifications and Measures of Human Strengths and Positive Outcomes
Classifications and Measures of Human Strengths
Positive Outcomes for All
Identifying Strengths and Moving Toward a Vital Balance
Key Terms
Positive Psychology in Context
Developing Strengths and Living Well in a Cultural Context
Culture and Psychology
Understanding Culture: A Matter of Perspective
Positive Psychology: Culture Free or Culturally Embedded?
Putting Positive Psychology in a Cultural Context
Final Thoughts on the Complexity of Cultural Influences
Key Terms
Living Well at Every Stage of Life
Resilience in Childhood
Positive Youth Development
The Life Tasks of Adulthood
Successful Aging
A More Developmental Focus in Positive Psychology
Key Terms
Positive Emotional States and Processes
The Principles of Pleasure: Understanding Positive Affect, Positive Emotions, Happiness, and Well-Being
Defining Emotional Terms
Distinguishing the Positive and the Negative
Positive Emotions: Expanding the Repertoire of Pleasure
Happiness and Subjective Well-Being: Living a Pleasurable Life
Moving Toward the Positive
Key Terms
Making the Most of Emotional Experiences: Emotion-Focused Coping, Emotional Intelligence, Socioemotional Selectivity, and Emotional Storytelling
Emotion-Focused Coping: Discovering The Adaptive Potential of Emotional Approach
Emotional Intelligence: Learning the Skills That Make a Difference
Socioemotional Selectivity: Focusing in Later Life on Positive Emotions and Emotion-Related Goals
Emotional Storytelling: The Pennebaker Paradigm as a Means of Processing Intense Negative Emotions
Working With Emotions to Bring About Positive Change
An Emotional Balancing Act
Key Terms
Positive Cognitive States and Processes
Seeing Our Futures Through Self-Efficacy, Optimism, and Hope
Fascination With the Future
Putting Temporal Futures in Perspective
Cultural Caveats About Temporal Perspective
A Summary of Hope Theories
Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory Items
Key Terms
Wisdom and Courage: Two Universal Virtues
Wisdom and Courage: Two of a Kind
Theories of Wisdom
Becoming and Being Wise
Theories of Courage
Becoming and Being Courageous
Courage Research
Finding Wisdom and Courage in Daily Life
The Value of Wisdom and Courage
Key Terms
Mindfulness, Flow, and Spirituality: In Search of Optimal Experiences
Moment-to-Moment Searches
Mindfulness: In Search of Novelty
Flow: In Search of Absorption
Spirituality: In Search of the Sacred
The True Benefits of Spirituality?
The Search Continues
Key Terms
Prosocial Behavior
Empathy and Egotism: Portals to Altruism, Gratitude, and Forgiveness
The Societal Implications of Altruism, Gratitude, and Forgiveness
"I Have a Dream": Toward a Kinder, Gentler Humankind
The Helping Attitude Scale
The Gratitude Questionnaire-Six Items From GQ-6
The Heartland Forgiveness Scale (HFS)
The Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Scale (TRIM)
Key Terms
Attachment, Love, and Flourishing Relationships
Infant Attachment
Adult Attachment Security
Flourishing Relationships: A Series of Purposeful Positive Relationship Behaviors
The Neurobiology of Interpersonal Connection
More on Flourishing Relationships
Building a Positive Psychology of Close Relationships
Key Terms
Understanding and Changing Human Behavior
Balanced Conceptualizations of Mental Health and Behavior
Moving Toward Balanced Conceptualizations
Our Fascination With Abnormal Behavior
Neglect of the Environment and of the Positive
The Lack of a Developmental Emphasis
Difficulties Understanding Behavior in a Cultural Context
The Limits of the Categorical Diagnostic System
Going Beyond the DSM-IV Framework
Key Terms
Interceding to Prevent the Bad and Enhance the Good
In the Words of a Psychotherapy Client...
Primary Prevention: "Stop the Bad Before It Happens"
Secondary Prevention (Psychotherapy): "Fix the Problem"
Primary Enhancement: "Make Life Good"
Secondary Enhancement: "Make Life the Best Possible"
The Balance of Prevention and Enhancement Systems
Effective Secondary Preventions (Psychotherapies) for Adult Problems
Hope Therapy Worksheet
Key Terms
Positive Environments
Positive Schooling
"Teachers Can't Get Jobs in the Real World!"
Negative Psychology: "Those Who Can't, Shouldn't Be Teaching"
"No Child Left Behind" and Beyond
The Components of Positive Schooling
One Example of Positive Schooling: The StrengthsQuest Program
Teaching as a Calling
Giving Back to Teachers
Assessing Educational Success
Teaching Tips From Two "Wills"-James and McKeachie
Key Terms
Good Work: The Psychology of Gainful Employment
Gainful Employment
"We Have an Opening": Jenny Loses a Job and Finds a Career
Take-Home Messages From Jenny's Story
Gainful Employment: Happiness, Satisfaction, and Beyond
Measuring Gainful Employment
Having or Being a Good Boss
The Strengths-Based Approach to Work
Capital at Work
Hope: A Prime Psychological Capital
The Dark Side: Workaholics, Burnouts, and Jobs Lost
What Can Be Done To Improve Your Work?
When Work Becomes a Calling: The Tale of a Hospital Orderly
A New Accounting: An Eye Toward People Rather Than Money
Key Terms
The Me/We Balance: Building Better Communities
Where We Are Going: From ME to WE to US
Individualism: The Psychology of ME
Collectivism: The Psychology of WE
ME/WE Balance: The Positive Psychology of US
Appendix: The Need for Uniqueness Scale
Key Terms
A Positive Look at The Future of Psychology
Going Positive
Trading the Bad for Some Good: The Case of Molly
Tackling a Fundamental Dilemma: Bad Is Stronger Than Good
Positive Psychology Is Gaining Attention
Positive Psychology as a Worldwide Phenomenon
For the Many, Not Just the Few
Young People and Education in Positive Psychology
Women in Positive Psychology
Experts' Views on 21st-Century Positive Psychology
The Power of Attitude: The Tales of Johnsy and Jerry
Appendix: Positive Social Science
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Authors
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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