The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-02-10
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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This volume explores 15,000 years of indigenous human history on the North American continent, drawing on the latest archaeological theories, time-honored methodologies, and rich datasets. From the Arctic south to the Mexican border and east to the Atlantic Ocean, all of the major cultural developments are covered in 53 chapters, with certain periods, places, and historical problems receiving special focus by the volume's authors. Questions like who first peopled the continent, what did it mean to have been a hunter-gatherer in the Great Basin versus the California coast, how significant were cultural exchanges between Native North Americans and Mesoamericans, and why do major historical changes seem to correspond to shifts in religion, politics, demography, and economy are brought into focus. The practice of archaeology itself is discussed as contributors wrestle with modern-day concerns with the implications of doing archaeology and its relevance for understanding ourselves today. In the end, the chapters in this book show us that the principal questions answered about human history through the archaeology of North America are central to any larger understanding of the relationships between people, cultural identities, landscapes, and the living of everyday life.

Author Biography

Timothy R. Pauketat is an Archaeologist and Professor of Anthropology at the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign.

Table of Contents

List of Figuresp. xvii
List of Contributorsp. xxiii
Histories, Perspectives, and Definitions
Questioning the Past in North Americap. 3
Hunter-Gatherer Theory in North American Archaeologyp. 18
Bone Lickers, Grave Diggers, and Other Unsavory Characters: Archaeologists, Archaeological Cultures, and the Disconnect from Native Peoplesp. 28
Pan-American Connections, Migrations, and Encounters
Historical Archaeology and Native Agency Across the Spanish Borderlandsp. 39
Some Commonalities Linking North America and Mesoamericap. 52
The North American Oikoumenep. 64
People, Plants, and Culinary Traditionsp. 73
Early Paleoindians, from Colonization to Folsomp. 86
Pleistocene Settlement in the Eastp. 96
Archaeological Histories and Cultural Processes
Arctic and Subarctic
Adapting to a Frozen Coastal Environmentp. 113
Rethinking Eastern Subarctic Historyp. 124
Archaeology of the North Pacificp. 135
The West
Foundations for the Far West: Paleoindian Cultures on the Western Fringe of North Americap. 149
Archaeology of the Northwest Coastp. 160
The Winter Village Pattern on the Plateau of Northwestern North Americap. 173
Great Basin Foraging Strategiesp. 185
The Evolution of Social Organization, Settlement Patterns, and Population Densities in Prehistoric Owens Valleyp. 199
Mound Building by California Hunter-Gatherersp. 212
Diversity, Exchange, and Complexity in the California Bightp. 224
Archaeologies of Colonial Reduction and Cultural Production in Native Northern Californiap. 235
Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Seaboard
Overview of the St. Lawrence Archaic Through Woodlandp. 249
New England Algonquians: Navigating "Backwaters" and Typological Boundariesp. 262
What Will Be Has Always Been: The Past and Present of Northern Iroquoiansp. 273
Regional Ritual Organization in the Northern Great Lakes, AD 1200-1600p. 28
Villagers and Farmers of the Middle and Upper Ohio River Valley, 11th to 17th Centuries AD: The Fort Ancient and Monongahela Traditionsp. 297
Native History in the Chesapeake: The Powhatan Chiefdom and Beyondp. 310
Plains and Upper Midwest
Lifeways Through Time in the Upper Mississippi River Valley and Northeastern Plainsp. 325
The Archaeological Imprint of Oral Traditions on the Landscape of Northern Plains Hunter-Gatherersp. 336
Situating (Proto) History on the Northwestern Plains and Rocky Mountainsp. 347
The Origins and Development of Farming Villages in the Northern Great Plainsp. 359
Planting the Plains: The Development and Extent of Plains Village Agriculturalists in the Southern and Central Plainsp. 373
Women on the Edge: Looking at Protohistoric Plains-Pueblo Interaction from a Feminist Perspectivep. 386
Cahokia Interaction and Ethnogenesis in the Northern Midcontinentp. 398
The Effigy Mound to Oneota Revolution in the Upper Mississippi River Valleyp. 410
Post-Contact Cultural Dynamics in the Upper Great Lakes Regionp. 422
Midsouth and Southeast
Mound-Building Societies of the Southern Midwest and Southeastp. 437
Reenvisioning Eastern Woodlands Archaic Originsp. 448
Poverty Pointp. 460
Origins of the Hopewell Phenomenonp. 470
Monumental Landscape and Community in the Southern Lower Mississippi Valley During the Late Woodland and Mississippi Periodsp. 483
Making Mississippian at Cahokiap. 497
Mississippian in the Deep South: Common Themes in Varied Historiesp. 509
Living with War: The Impact of Chronic Violence in the Mississippian-Period Central Illinois Paver Valleyp. 523
Moundville in the Mississippian Worldp. 534
Greater Southwest and Northern Mexico
The Archaeology of the Greater Southwest: Migration, Inequality, and Religious Transformationsp. 547
Diversity in First-Millennium AD Southwestern Farming Communitiesp. 561
Hohokam Society and Water Managementp. 571
Terraced Lives: Cerros de Trincheras in the Northwest/ Southwestp. 585
Chaco's Hinterlandsp. 597
The Mesa Verde Regionp. 608
Warfare and Conflict in the Late Pre-Columbian Pueblo Worldp. 620
The Pueblo Village in an Age of Reformation (AD 1300-1600)p. 631
Casas Grandes Phenomenonp. 645
Indexp. 659
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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