Pacific Century

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-01-01
  • Publisher: Westview Pr
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The Asia-Pacific region is rapidly emerging as the global economic and political powerhouse of the twenty-first century. Looking at both Southeast and East Asia, this richly illustrated volume stresses broad, cross-cutting themes of regional history, with an emphasis on the interactions between cultures and nations. In this updated third edition, Mark Borthwick provides a significantly revised introduction, which places the contemporary rise of China within the context of the political, cultural, and economic evolution of the region since ancient times. He then considers more recent developments in their historical context, balancing national and international factors underlying Asia-Pacific economic growth and political change. New areas receiving attention in the third edition include Japan's recovery from economic stagnation, Japan's new political landscape, China's economic transformation and leadership in East Asian regionalism, the North Korean crisis, and the Asia-Pacific impact on the global economic system. The book also provides chronological updates for Cambodia, Vietnam, and Indonesia. Borthwick concludes with an examination of the key domestic and international issues facing the nations of Pacific Asia and the growing influence of these nations on North America and the world economy. Book jacket.

Author Biography

Mark Borthwick is director of the United States Asia Pacific Council at the East-West Center in Washington, DC, and has served on staff of the subcommittee of Asian and Pacific Affairs in the US House of Representatives.

Table of Contents

List of Mapsp. xiii
Preface to the Third Editionp. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
Acronymsp. xix
Introductionp. 1
Pacific Centuries Past and Presentp. 1
Pacific Asia: Concepts, Definitions, Rationalep. 2
East Asiap. 3
Southeast Asiap. 5
Oceaniap. 6
North Americap. 7
Continent and Ocean: The Two Frontiersp. 8
Dynasties, Empires, and Ages of Commerce: Pacific Asia to the Nineteenth Centuryp. 9
Qin: The First Chinese Empirep. 9
The Han Dynasty and the Chinese Languagep. 13
The Buddhist Age in Pacific Asiap. 22
The Song Dynasty and Pacific Commercep. 27
The Mongol Empire and the Great Khanp. 30
The Ming Dynastyp. 34
The Rise of the Tokugawa Shogunatep. 40
The Qing (Manchu) Dynastyp. 43
Southeast Asiap. 47
The Lands Below the Windsp. 47
The Classical Worldp. 49
The Srivijayan Empire and Relations with Chinap. 53
An "Age of Commerce" in Southeast Asiap. 62
Seaborne Barbarians: Incursions by the Westp. 69
Overviewp. 69
Early European Advancesp. 70
Nineteenth-Century Commercial Capitalism in Pacific Asiap. 80
The Growing European Presence in Southeast Asiap. 90
Meiji: Japan in the Age of Imperialismp. 109
Introduction: Arrival of the Black Shipsp. 109
The Meiji Restorationp. 117
Regional Dynamics: The New Japan and Its Asian Neighborsp. 130
Meiji Japan: An Assessmentp. 145
Conclusionp. 148
The Rise of Nationalism and Communismp. 151
Overviewp. 151
The Philippinesp. 153
Philippine Nationalism to World War IIp. 154
Indonesiap. 159
Social Change and Nationalismp. 159
Political Leadershipp. 161
Chinap. 162
The New Culture Movementp. 175
Lu Xunp. 177
A Golden Age of Chinese Capitalismp. 178
Vietnamp. 180
Koreap. 183
Philip Jaisohn and the Independence Clubp. 184
The New Korean Enlightenmentp. 186
Japanp. 191
Maelstrom: The Pacific War and Its Aftermathp. 203
Overviewp. 203
Japan and the United States at Warp. 204
Japan's American Interludep. 214
Indonesiap. 220
The Philippinesp. 223
Vietnamp. 225
The Bandung Conference in the Postwar Settingp. 227
Miracle by Design: The Postwar Resurgence of Japanp. 231
Overviewp. 231
The Early Postwar Periodp. 231
The Fast-Growth Decadesp. 237
The 1980s: Rethinking Foreign Policyp. 242
Puzzles in the Japanese "Miracle,"p. 243
Japanese Democracy and Political Stabilityp. 251
The Modern Japanese Economyp. 255
The New Asian Capitalistsp. 265
Overviewp. 265
Developing Economies of the Asia-Pacific Regionp. 267
Korea's Economic Development, 1945-1990p. 277
International Factorsp. 277
Internal Social and Political Factorsp. 284
The Role of Culture and Timingp. 288
Confucianism and Economic Growthp. 296
The Confucian Faces of Capitalismp. 297
The "Overseas" Ethnic Chinesep. 306
From "Miracle" to "Crisis,"p. 309
Power, Authority, and the-Advent of Democracyp. 317
Overviewp. 317
Power and Authority in Pacific Asiap. 317
Trials of Democracy in Southeast Asiap. 319
Malaysia: The Trial of Parliamentary Democracy, 1957-1969p. 325
Indonesia: From "Democracy" to "Guided Democracy," 1950-1966p. 331
Sukarno and Guided Democracyp. 333
Descent into Chaosp. 335
Brave New Orderp. 336
The Philippines: From Independence to Martial Law, 1946-1972p. 340
The Marcos Erap. 340
The Legacy of "Pork Barrel Democracy,"p. 343
Democracy in Southeast Asiap. 347
Democratization in South Koreap. 348
Democratization in Taiwanp. 355
The Status of Hong Kongp. 357
Migration and Democracyp. 358
Determinants of Democratic Change in Asiap. 358
Sentimental Imperialists: America's Cold War in Asiap. 365
Overviewp. 365
Americans and the "Loss" of Chinap. 366
Korea: Liberation, Division, and War, 1945-1953p. 376
Vietnam and the Americansp. 387
Strategies of Containment in Asiap. 393
Reversal of Fortune: U.S.-China Rapprochementp. 398
End of the Cold War in Asiap. 400
The Cold War Legacy and North Koreap. 401
Lonely Hegemonyp. 404
China's Long March Toward Modernizationp. 407
Overviewp. 407
Four Decades of Chinese Communism: A Chronologyp. 409
The Chinese Amnesiap. 420
Political Reforms in the 1980sp. 422
The Chinese Economic System in Transitionp. 431
Postscript: Risks in the Investment Boomp. 436
Demographic and Social Changep. 438
China's Environmental Crisisp. 449
Realities and Aspirationsp. 449
Mao's Revolution and Chinese Culturep. 453
The End of the Chinese Revolutionp. 461
Unresolved Issues from the Deng Erap. 466
China's Economic Future: Pessimists Versus Optimistsp. 468
China's Military Modernizationp. 470
Beyond the Revolution: Indonesia and Vietnamp. 473
Overviewp. 473
Vietnam, 1965-1975p. 479
Indonesia, 1968-1976p. 480
Vietnam, 1975-1990p. 483
Indonesia in Transitionp. 490
Concluding Remarksp. 494
Siberian Salient: Russia in Pacific Asiap. 501
Editor's Introductionp. 501
Russia in Pacific Asiap. 505
Editor's Postscriptp. 520
Asia s Resurgence and Its Global Implicationsp. 523
Overviewp. 523
Regional Dynamics Before 2000p. 523
Japan's Role in the Pacific Asian Economyp. 528
China's Role in the Pacific Asian Economyp. 535
Regional Economic Dynamics Since 2000p. 539
The Revival of East Asian Regionalismp. 542
Pacific Asia Indicatorsp. 553
Competition, Openness, and Globalizationp. 560
Time Chart: Chronology and Geography in Pacific Asiap. 563
Representation of Foreign Words and Namesp. 569
About the Book and Authorp. 573
Indexp. 575
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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