Pakistan's Foreign Policy 1947-2012: A Concise History

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2014-04-01
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Author Biography

Abdul Sattar is Foreign Minister, Foreign Secretary, Ambassador, Distinguished Fellow, United States Institute of Peace

With a thirty-nine year career span in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Abdul Sattar was twice Pakistan's Foreign Minister, from July to October 1993, and from 1999 to 2002. He was Foreign Secretary from 1986 to 1988 and twice Pakistan's Ambassador to India. He also served as Ambassador to the USSR and Permanent Representative to the IAEA in Vienna.

As a Distinguished Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace, he wrote a research paper 'Reducing Nuclear Dangers in South Asia' which was published in the Nonproliferation Review in 1994, and later in Dawn. His other research paper, 'Shimla Pact: Negotiating Under Duress', was published in journals in Islamabad and New Delhi in 1995. He also contributed the section on foreign policy in the book Pakistan in Perspective, 1947-1997, published by Oxford University Press on the fiftieth anniversary of Pakistan.

Table of Contents

Preface to Third Edition
1. The Emergence of Pakistan
Historical Background
2. Foreign Policy-Beginnings
The Founding Father's Vision
Enduring Relevance of Principles
The Shadow of Partition
The Muslim World
3. The Kashmir Question, 1947-57
The Dispute
At the United Nations
The Dispute Festers
4. Search for Security
Approaches to the USA
Korean War
5. Alliances
Four Alliances
6. Alliances-Costs and Benefits
Costs of the Alliances
US Alliance Strengthened
Benefits of the Alliances
Swings of Opinion in the USA and Pakistan
7. Relations with China and Other Developments
Pakistan-China Boundary Agreement, 1962
Sino-Pakistan Entente
Oman: Gwadar Retrocession
Indus Waters Treaty, 1960
India-China Border War, 1962
Pakistan-US Relations Corroded
Negotiations on Kashmir, 1962-63
Changing Strategic Environment
Alliance under Strain
Ayub Khan's Visits to China and the USSR
Second Afro-Asian Summit
US Reaction
8. The Pakistan-India War, 1965
Clash in Kutch
Operation Gibraltar
Escalation to War
Stance of Foreign Powers
The Tashkent Declaration
9. Bitter Legacy of War, 1965-71
Organization of the Islamic Conference
10. 1971 Disaster
Bhutto's New Policy, 1971-73
11. Shimla Agreement: Negotiating under Duress
Opening Gambit
Principles of Relations
Withdrawal from Occupied Territory
Jammu and Kashmir
Secret Understanding?
Normalisation with Bangladesh
12. The Nuclear Programme and Relations with the USA
13. The Afghanistan Crisis
Revival of the US Alliance
Geneva Accords
14. Kashmir: The Struggle for Azadi
15. The Afghanistan Civil War, 1990-1998
The Rise of the Taliban
Proxy War
Fatal Blunders
16. Pakistan-India Disputes and Crises
Sir Creek
Siachen: A Dispute within a Dispute
Salal, Wullar, Baglihar, and Kishenganga Projects
Consular Missions
Indian Plan for Attack on Kahuta, 1984
The Brasstacks Crisis, 1986-87
Re-entry to the Commonwealth
War Averted, 1990
Disarmament Issues
17. Nuclear Weapons and Missile Systems
Nuclear Tests
Issues and Non-Issues
18. Increasing Isolation, 1990-2001
US Sanctions Again
Support for the Taliban
Declining Prestige
Nuclear Tests
Pakistan-India Dialogue, 1997-99
The Kargil Crisis, 1999
Coping with Isolation
The Agra Summit
19. Post-9/11 Policy
Policy Planning by Pakistan
US Policy
Consultation with Opinion Leaders
Economic Cooperation and Assistance
20. On-Off Partnership with USA, 2001 - 2012
21. Terrorism
Issues and Non-Issues
22. Afghanistan, 2001 - 2012
23. Pakistan-India Relations
24. Pakistan-China All Weather Friendship
25. International Organisations
Human Rights
International Financial Institutions (IFIs)
26. Policy in a Changing World
International Politics
Global Power Hierarchy
Foreign Policy Appraisal
I. The Shimla Agreement, 1972
II. Composite Dialogue, 1997-98
III. The Lahore Declaration, 21 February 1999
IV. The Agra Declaration, 2001 Draft Agreement
V. Presidents, Prime Ministers and Foreign
Ministers of Pakistan

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