Parties, Politics, and Public Policy in America

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  • Edition: 11th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-12-15
  • Publisher: Cq Pr

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With revitalized and stronger political parties should we see more effective and accountable government? Despite the resurgence of parties in America, charges of irresponsible and unreliable government remain. Why the disconnect? In Parties, Politics, and Public Policy in America, Marc Hetherington along with new coauthor Bruce Larson explore this question, while giving students an overview of how parties work and shape public policymaking in America. In this eleventh edition, Hetherington and Larson provide more in-depth coverage of the parties&BAD:rs" functions in Congress and campaign finance. In addition, the authors examine developments in the 2008 nomination and election contests&BAD:-generational voting patterns, shifts in the red-blue divide, and the possibility of a partisan realignment. No other book for this course combines the breadth of scholarship with the brevity and accessibility found here.

Author Biography

Marc J. Hetherington is professor of political science at Vanderbilt University. He was awarded the Emerging Scholar Award from the Elections. Voting Behavior and Public Opinion section of the American Political Science Association in 2004. He recently published Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics (with Jonathan Weiler) and is also author of Why Trust Matters: Declining Political Trust and the Demise of American Liberalism. Hetherington has published numerous articles in the American Political Science Review. American Journal of Political Science, Journal of Politics. British Journal of Political Science, and Public Opinion Quarterly Bruce A. Larson is associate professor of political science at Gettysburg College. A specialist in American political parties and elections, he has published articles in the Journal of Politics. Legislative Studies Quarterly, and Political Research Quarterly. In addition, he is coauthor of The Party's Just Begun: Shaping Political Parties for America's Future (a book on American political parties) and coeditor of Dangerous Democracy? The Battle over Ballot Initiatives in America (a book on statewide ballot initiatives in the United States)

Table of Contents

Tables, Figures, and Boxesp. xi
Prefacep. xv
Political Parties and the Political Systemp. 1
The Activities of Partiesp. 2
Recruitment and Selection of Leadersp. 3
Representation and Integration of Group Interestsp. 4
Control and Direction of Governmentp. 5
Parties as a "Dependent Variable"p. 8
The Legal-Political Systemp. 8
The Election Systemp. 9
Political Culture and the Partiesp. 13
A Heterogeneous Nationp. 15
Party Organizationp. 18
The National Committeep. 18
The National Chairp. 21
Congressional and Senatorial Campaign Committeesp. 22
State Committeesp. 23
Local Party Organizationp. 23
The Changing Parties: "Old Style" and "New Style" Politicsp. 25
American Parties and Competition and Competitionp. 33
Characteristics of Partiesp. 33
Dispersed Powerp. 34
The Power of Officeholdersp. 37
Coalitional in Naturep. 38
Theoretically Moderate and Inclusive, but Less So in Practicep. 42
Ideologically Heterogeneous in Theory, but Less So in Practicep. 44
An Interest Groupp. 47
Party Competitionp. 49
Presidential Electionsp. 49
Congressional Electionsp. 54
State-Level Competitionp. 57
Party Competition and Issue Positionsp. 61
The Persistent Two-Party (Not Multiparty) System in Americap. 62
The Party Conditionp. 66
Political Parties and the Electoral Process: Nominationsp. 71
Party Nominating Methods: A Brief Historyp. 71
Caucusp. 71
Party Conventionsp. 72
Direct Primaryp. 72
Types of Primariesp. 73
Closed Primaryp. 73
Open Primaryp. 74
Blanket Primaryp. 76
Nonpartisan Primaryp. 77
Runoff Primaryp. 77
An Assessment of the Direct Primaryp. 78
Presidential Selectionp. 80
The National Conventionp. 80
Selection of Delegatesp. 82
Rules of Delegate Selectionp. 84
Evaluating Presidential Primary and Caucus-Convention Systemsp. 88
Front-Loading and Its Effectsp. 90
Primaries and the End of Party Boss Influencep. 95
The Convention Delegatesp. 96
The Politics of the Conventionp. 98
The Convention Committeesp. 98
Selecting the Presidential Ticketp. 100
The Media, the Nominating Process, and the Partiesp. 102
Campaigns and Campaign Financep. 109
Campaign Organizationp. 110
Campaign Strategyp. 111
Do Campaigns Matter?p. 112
Issues and Campaignsp. 116
Campaign Moneyp. 119
The Regulation of Campaign Financep. 123
Soft Moneyp. 127
Reforming Campaign Finance Reformp. 130
Sources of Campaign Financingp. 133
Presidential Contestsp. 133
Congressional Contestsp. 134
Evaluating the Campaign Finance Systemp. 141
The Congressional Party and the Formation of Public Policyp. 153
Congressional Electionsp. 154
Party Representation in Congressp. 156
Do the Parties Differ on Public Policies?p. 159
The Parties and Liberal-Labor Legislationp. 161
The Sources of Stronger Parties in Governmentp. 165
Party Organization in Congressp. 169
Party Conferencesp. 169
The Speaker of the Housep. 170
The Floor Leadersp. 172
The Whipsp. 177
The Policy Committeesp. 178
Informal Party Groups and-Specialized Congressional Caucusesp. 179
Factors Influencing the Legislative Success of Party Leadersp. 180
National Party Agencies and the Congressional Partiesp. 182
The President and the Congressional Partyp. 183
Limits on Presidential Influencep. 183
The President and Legislative Leadersp. 187
The Minority Party in Congressp. 188
The Party in Congress: An Assessmentp. 188
Party Identification, Partisanship, and Electionsp. 199
The Origins of Party Identificationp. 200
The Effects of Party Identificationp. 202
The Distribution of Party Identificationp. 207
Party Identification and Voting Behaviorp. 210
Gender and Religion Gaps in Party Identificationp. 211
Evidence of the Growing Importance of Partyp. 214
Is the American Public Polarized?p. 215
Voting and Participation; The Diminished Electoratep. 220
Who Participates?p. 221
Atrophy of the Electoratep. 225
Causes of the Early Twentieth-Century Declinep. 227
Causes of the Contemporary Decline (and Resurgence) in Turnoutp. 228
The Nation's Response to Declining Voter Turnoutp. 230
The American Party System: Problems and Perspectivesp. 239
The Doctrine of Responsible Partiesp. 239
National Party Organizations and Platformsp. 241
Intraparty Democracyp. 243
Congressional Party Organizationp. 245
Nominations and Electionsp. 249
Trends in American Politicsp. 249
Party Organizations Adjust to a Loss of Powerp. 250
Campaign Management: Image Makers and Technical Expertsp. 252
The Effort to Strengthen Party Organizationp. 255
An Era of Party and Governmental Reformp. 257
The Escalation of Interest Group Activityp. 259
The Nationalization of Politicsp. 261
The Polarization of Activists and Congress on the Issuesp. 262
The Decline and Resurgence of Partisanshipp. 266
Visceral Issues Drive Mass Party Differencesp. 268
Racial Polarization in Votingp. 270
The Public's Declining Confidence in Political Institutionsp. 273
Prospects for the Partiesp. 276
Indexp. 287
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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