9780190697327

Patterns of World History Brief Third Edition, Volume Two from 1400

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780190697327

  • ISBN10:

    0190697326

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2017-09-15
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Patterns of World History, Brief Third Edition, offers a distinct framework for understanding the global past through the study of origins, interactions, and adaptations. Authors Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers, and George B. Stow examine the full range of human ingenuity over time and space in a comprehensive, even-handed, and critical fashion.

Approximately twenty-five percent shorter than the highly acclaimed comprehensive text, this Brief Third Edition features a streamlined and tightened narrative. With prices starting at $24.95 per split volume, the Brief Third Edition is one of the least expensive full-color world history textbooks available. It is also available as an embedded eBook with OUP's online learning and assessment platform, Dashboard.

Table of Contents


Maps
Studying with Maps
Preface
Note on the Dates and Spellings
About the Authors

PART THREE: The Formation of Religious Civilizations, 600-1450 CE

Chapter 15. The Rise of Empires in the Americas, 600-1550 CE
The Legacy of Teotihuacán and the Toltecs in Mesoamerica
-Militarism in the Mexican Basin
-Late Maya States in Yucatán
The Legacy of Tiwanaku and Wari in the Andes
-The Expanding State of Tiwanaku
-The Expanding City-State of Wari
American Empires: Aztec and Inca Origins and Dominance
-The Aztec Empire of Mesoamerica
-The Inca Empire of the Andes
Imperial Society and Culture
-Imperial Capitals: Tenochtitlán and Cuzco
-Power and Its Cultural Expressions
Patterns Up Close: Human Sacrifice and Propaganda
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Amazon Rain Forest Civilizations

PART FOUR: Interactions across the Globe, 1450-1750

Chapter 16. Western European Overseas Expansion and the Ottoman-Habsburg Struggle, 1450-1650
The Muslim-Christian Competition in the East and West, 1450-1600
-Iberian Christian Expansion, 1415-1498
-Rise of the Ottomans and Struggle with the Habsburgs for Dominance, 1300-1609
Patterns Up Close: Shipbuilding
The Centralizing State: Origins and Interactions
-State Transformation, Money, and Firearms
Imperial Courts, Urban Festivities, and the Arts
-The Ottoman Empire: Palaces, Festivities, and the Arts
-The Spanish Habsburg Empire: Popular Festivities and the Arts
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Tilting at Windmills

Chapter 17. The Renaissance, New Sciences, and Religious Wars in Europe, 1450-1750
Cultural Transformations: Renaissance, Baroque, and New Sciences
-The Renaissance and Baroque Arts
-The New Sciences
-The New Sciences and Their Social Impact
-The New Sciences: Philosophical Interpretations
Centralizing States and Religious Upheavals
-The Rise of Centralized Kingdoms
Patterns Up Close: Mapping the World
-The Protestant Reformation, State Churches, and Independent Congregations
-Religious Wars and Political Restoration
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: The Digger Movement

Chapter 18. New Patterns in New Worlds: Colonialism and Indigenous Responses in the Americas, 1500-1800
The Colonial Americas: Europe's Warm-Weather Extension
-The Conquest of Mexico and Peru
-The Establishment of Colonial Institutions
The Making of American Societies: Origins and Transformations
-Exploitation of Mineral and Tropical Resources
Patterns Up Close: The Columbian Exchange
-Social Strata, Castes, and Ethnic Groups
-The Adaptation of the Americas to European Culture
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Juana Inés de la Cruz

Chapter 19. African Kingdoms, the Atlantic Slave Trade, and the Origins of Black America, 1450-1800
African States and the Slave Trade
-The End of Empires in the North and the Rise of States in the Center
-Portugal's Explorations along the African Coast and Contacts with Ethiopia
-Coastal Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade
American Plantation Slavery and Atlantic Mercantilism
-The Special Case of Plantation Slavery in the Americas
-Slavery in British North America
-The Fatal Triangle: The Economic Patterns of the Atlantic Slave Trade
Culture and Identity in the African Diaspora
-A New Society: Creolization of the Early Atlantic World
Patterns Up Close: Voodoo and Other New World Slave Religions
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Oglethorpe's Free Colony

Chapter 20. The Mughal Empire: Muslim Rulers and Hindu Subjects, 1400-1750
History and Political Life of the Mughals
-From Samarkand to Hindustan
-The Summer and Autumn of Empire
Patterns Up Close: Akbar's Attempt at Religious Synthesis
Administration, Society, and Economics
-Mansabdars and Bureaucracy
-The Mughals and Early Modern Economics
-Society, Family, and Gender
Science, Religion, and the Arts
-Science and Technology
-Religion: In Search of Balance
-Literature and Art
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Sikhism in Transition

Chapter 21. Regulating the "Inner" and "Outer" Domains: China and Japan, 1500-1800
Late Ming and Qing China to 1750
-From Expansion to Exclusion
-The Spring and Summer of Power: The Qing to 1750
Patterns Up Close: The "China" Trade
-Village and Family Life
-Science, Culture, and Intellectual Life
The Long War and Longer Peace: Japan, 1450-1750
-The Struggle for Unification
-The Tokugawa Bakufu to 1750
-Growth and Stagnation: Economy and Society
-Hothousing "Japaneseness": Culture, Science, and Intellectual Life
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Seclusion's Exceptions

PART FIVE: The Origins of Modernity, 1750-1900 658

Chapter 22. Patterns of Nation-States and Culture in the Atlantic World, 1750-1871
Origins of the Nation-State, 1750-1815
-The American, French, and Haitian Revolutions
Patterns Up Close: The Guillotine
Enlightenment Culture: Radicalism and Moderation
-The Enlightenment and Its Many Expressions
-The Other Enlightenment: The Ideology of Ethnolinguistic Nationalism
The Growth of the Nation-State, 1815-1871
-Restoration Monarchies, 1815-1848
-Nation-State Building in Anglo-America, 1783-1900
Romanticism and Realism: Philosophical and Artistic Expression to 1850
-Romanticism
-Realism
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Defying the Third Republic

Chapter 23. Creoles and Caudillos: Latin America in the Nineteenth Century, 1790-1917
Independence, Constitutionalism, and Landed Elites
-Independence in the Southern Cone: State Formation in Argentina
-Brazil: From Kingdom to Republic
-Independence and State Formation in Western and Northern South America
Patterns Up Close: Slave Rebellions in Cuba and Brazil
-Indepedence and Political Development in the North: Mexico
Latin American Society and Economy in the Nineteenth Century
-Rebuilding Societies and Economies
-Export-Led Growth
-Culture, Family, and the Status of Women
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Early Industrialization in Chile?

Chapter 24. The Challenge of Modernity: East Asia, 1750-1910
China and Japan in the Age of Imperialism
-China and Maritime Trade, 1750-1839
-The Opium Wars and the Treaty Port Era
Patterns Up Close: Interaction and Adaptation: "Self-Strengthening" and "Western Science and Eastern Ethics"
-Toward Revolution: Reform and Reaction to 1900
-In Search of Security through Empire: Japan in the Meiji Era
Economics and Society in Late Qing China
-The Seeds of Modernity and the New Economic Order
-Culture, Arts, and Science
Zaibatsu and Political Parties: Economics and Society in Meiji Japan
-Commerce and Cartels
-"Enlightenment and Progress": Science, Culture, and the Arts
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Reacting to Modernity

Chapter 25. Adaptation and Resistance: The Ottoman and Russian Empires, 1683-1908
Decentralization and Reforms in the Ottoman Empire
-Ottoman Imperialism in the 1600s and 1700s
-The Western Challenge and Ottoman Responses
-Iran's Effort to Cope with the Western Challenge
Patterns Up Close: Sunni and Shiite Islam
Westernization, Reforms, and Industrialization in Russia
-Russia and Westernization
-Russia in the Early Nineteenth Century
-The Great Reforms
-Russian Industrialization
-The Abortive Russian Revolution of 1905
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Precursor to Lenin

Chapter 26. Industrialization and Its Discontents, 1750-1914
Origins and Growth of Industrialism, 1750-1914
-Early Industrialism, 1750-1870
-The Spread of Early Industrialism
-Later Industrialism, 1871-1914
Patterns Up Close: "The Age of Steam"
The Social and Economic Impact of Industrialism, 1750-1914
-Demographic Changes
-Industrial Society
-Critics of Industrialism
-Improved Standards of Living
-Improved Urban Living
-Big Business
Intellectual and Cultural Responses to Industrialism
-Scientific and Intellectual Developments
-Toward Modernity in Philosophy and Religion
-Toward Modernity in Literature and the Arts
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: The Luddites

Chapter 27. The New Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century, 1750-1914
The British Colonies of India, Australia, and New Zealand
-The British East India Company
-Direct British Rule
-British Settler Colonies: Australia
Patterns Up Close: Military Transformations and the New Imperialism
European Imperialism in the Middle East and Africa
-The Rising Appeal of Imperialism in the West
-The Scramble for Africa
Western Imperialism and Colonialism in Southeast Asia
-The Dutch in Indonesia
-Spain in the Philippines
-The French in Vietnam
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: An Anti-Imperial Perspective

PART SIX: From Three Modernities to One, 1914-PRESENT

Chapter 28. World Wars and Competing Visions of Modernity, 1900-1945
The Great War and Its Aftermath
-A Savage War and a Flawed Peace
-America First: The Beginnings of a Consumer Culture and the Great Depression
-Great Britain and France: Slow Recovery and Troubled Empires
Patterns Up Close: The Harlem Renaissance and the African Diaspora
-Latin America: Independent Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes
New Variations on Modernity: The Soviet Union and Communism
-The Communist Party and Regime in the Soviet Union
-The Collectivization of Agriculture and Industrialization
New Variations on Modernity: Supremacist Nationalism in Italy, Germany, and Japan
-From Fascism in Italy to Nazism in the Third Reich
-Japan's "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" and China's Struggle for Unity
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Righteous among the Nations

Chapter 29. Reconstruction, Cold War, and Decolonization, 1945-1962
Superpower Confrontation: Capitalist Democracy and Communism
-The Cold War Era, 1945-1962
-Society and Culture in Postwar North America, Europe, and Japan
Populism and Industrialization in Latin America
-Slow Social Change
-Populist Guided Democracy
The End of Colonialism and the Rise of New Nations
-"China Has Stood Up"
-Decolonization, Israel, and Arab Nationalism in the Middle East
-Decolonization and the Cold War in Asia
Patterns Up Close: Bandung and the Origins of the Non-Aligned Movement
-Decolonization and Cold War in Africa
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: Postwar Counterculture

Chapter 30. The End of the Cold War, Western Social Transformation, and the Developing World, 1963-1991
The Climax of the Cold War
-The Soviet Superpower in Slow Decline
Transforming the West
-Civil Rights Movements
From "Underdeveloped" to "Developing" World, 1963-1991
Patterns Up Close: From Women's Liberation to Feminism
-China: Cultural Revolution to Four Modernizations
-Vietnam: War and Unification
-The Middle East
-Africa: From Independence to Development
-Latin America: Proxy Wars
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: The African National Congress

Chapter 31. A Fragile Capitalist-Democratic World Order, 1991-2014
Capitalist Democracy: The Dominant Pattern of Modernity
-A Decade of Global Expansion: The United States and the World in the 1990s
-Two Communist Holdouts: China and Vietnam
-A Decade of Global Shifts: Twenty-First-Century Currents and Cross-Currents
Patterns Up Close: Social Networking
The Environmental Limits of Modernity
Putting It All Together
Against the Grain: North Korea, Lone Holdout against the World

Further Resources
Credits
Source Index
Subject Index

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