Patterns of World History Volume Two: Since 1400

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-12-09
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Patterns of World Historyoffers a distinct framework for understanding the global past through the study of origins, interactions, and adaptations. Authors Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers, and George Stow--each specialists in their respective fields--examine the full range of human ingenuity over time and space in a comprehensive, even-handed, and critical fashion. The book helps students to see and understand patterns through: ORIGINS - INTERACTIONS - ADAPTATIONS These key features show the O-A-I framework in action: *Seeing Patterns, a list of key questions at the beginning of each chapter, focuses students on the 3-5 over-arching patterns, which are revisited, considered, and synthesized at the end of the chapter inThinking Through Patterns. * Each chapter includes aPatterns Up Closecase study that brings into sharp relief the O-I-A pattern using a specific idea or thing that has developed in human history (and helped, in turn, develop human history), like the innovation of the Chinese writing system or religious syncretism in India. Each case study clearly shows how an innovation originated either in one geographical center or independently in several different centers. It demonstrates how, as people in the centers interacted with their neighbors, the neighbors adapted to--and in many cases were transformed by--the idea, object, or event. Adaptations include the entire spectrum of human responses, ranging from outright rejection to creative borrowing and, at times, forced acceptance. *Concept Mapsat the end of each chapter use compelling graphical representations of ideas and information to help students remember and relate the big patterns of the chapter.

Author Biography

Peter von Sivers is an Associate Professor of History at the University of Utah.

Charles A. Desnoyers is an Associate Professor of History at La Salle University

George B. Stow is a Professor of History and the Director of the Graduate Program in History at La Salle University.

Table of Contents

Each chapter contains Patterns Up Close, Concept Maps, Putting it All Together, Review and Respond, and Further Resources.

15. The Rise of Empires in the Americas, 600-1550
The Legacy of Teotihuacan and the Toltecs in Meso- Militarism in the Mexican Basin
Late Maya Kingdoms in Yucatan
The Legacy of Tiwanaku and Wari in the Andes
The Conquering State of Tiwanaku
The Expanduing Kingdom of Wari
American Empires: The Aztecs and Incas
The Aztec Empire of Meso-America
The Inca Empire of the Andes
Imperial Society and Culture
Imperial Capitals: Tenochtitlan and Cuzco
Power and Its Cultural Expressions

Part 4: Interactions across the Globe, 1450-1750

16. The Ottoman-Hapsburg Struggle and European Overseas Expansion, 1450-1600
The Muslim-Christian Competition in East and West, 1450-1600
Iberian-Christian Expansion, 1415-1498
Rise of the Ottomans and Struggle with the Habsburgs for Dominance, 1300-1609
The Rise of the Centralized Fiscal-Military State
State Transformation, Money, and Firearms
Imperial Courts, Urban Fesivities, and the Arts
The Spanish Habsburg Empire: Popular Festivities and the Arts
The Ottoman Empire: Palaces, Festivities, and the Arts

17. Renaissance, Reformation, and the New Science in Europe, 1450-1700
Fiscal-Military States and Religious Upheavals
The Rise of Fiscal-Military Kingdoms
The Protestant Reformation, State Churches, and Independent Congregations
Religious Wars and Political Restoration
Cultural Transformations: Renaissance, New Science, and Early Enlightenment
The Renaissance and Baroque Arts
The Pioneers of the New Science
The New Science and Its Impact
The Early Enlightenment in Northwestern Europe

18. New Patterns in New Worlds: Colonialism and Indigenous Responses in the Americas, 1500-1800
The Colonial Americas: Europe's Warm Weather Extension
The Conquest of Mexico and Peru
The Establishment of Colonial Institutions
The Making of American Societies: Economic and Social Formation
The Exploitation of the Mineral and Tropical Resources
Shades of Skin Color: Social Strata, Castes, and Ethnic Groups
The Adaptation of European Culture to the Americas

19. African Kingdoms, The Atlantic Slave Trade and the Origins of Black America, 1450-1800
African States and the Slave Trade
The End of Empires in the North and the Rise of States in the Center
Portugal's Explorations along the African Coast and Contacts with Ethiopia
Coastal Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade
American Plantation Slavery and Atlantic Mercantilism
The Special Case of Plantation Slavery in the Americas
The "Peculiar Institution" in British North America
The Fatal Triangle: The Economic Patterns of the Atlantic Slave Trade
Cultural Identity in the African Diaspora

20. The Mughal Empire: Muslim Rulers and Hindu Subjects, 1400-1750
History and Political Life of the Mughals
From Samarkand to Hindustan
The Summer and Autumn of Empire
Administration, Society, and Economics
Mansabdars and Bureaucracy
The Mughals and Early Modern Economics
Society, Family, and Gender
Science, Religion, and the Arts
Science and Technology
Religion: In Search of Balance
Literature and Art

21. Regulating the "Inner" and the "Outer" Domains of China and Japan, 1500-1800
Late Ming and Qing China to 1750
From Expansion to Exclusion
The Spring and Summer of Power: The Qing to 1750
Village and Family Life
Science, Culture, and Intellectual Life
The Long War and Longer Peace: Japan, 1450 to 1750
The Struggle for Unification
The Tokugawa Bakufu to 1750
Growth and Stagnation: Economy and Society
Hothousing "Japaneseness": Culture, Science, and Intellectual Life

Part 5: The Origins of Modernity, 1750-1900

22. Nation-States and Patterns of Culture in Europe and North America, 1750-1871
Constitutional Nation-States: 1750-
The American and French Revolutions
Enlightenment Culture: Radicalism and Moderation
Early and Late Enlightenment
The Other Enlightenment: The Ideology of Ethnic Nationalism
The Growth of the Nation-State, 1815-1871
Restoration Monarchies, 1815-1848
Nation-State Building in Anglo-America, 1783-1865
Romanticism and Realism: Philosophical and Artistic Expression to 1850

23. Industrialization and its Discontents
The Industrialization of Europe and the West: 1760-1914
Early Industrialism: 1750-1870
The Spread of Early Industrialism
Late Industrialism: 1871-1914
The Social and Economic Impact of Industrialism: 1750-1914
Demographic Changes
Industrial Society
Critics of Industrialization
Improved Standards of Living
Improved Urban Living
Big Business
Intellectual and Cultural Responses in the Age of Industrialism
Scientific and Intellectual Developments
Toward Modernity in Philosophy and Religion
Toward Modernity in Literature and the Arts

24. The Challenge of Modernity: East Asia, 1750 - 1900
China and Japan in the Age of Imperialism
China and Maritime Trade, 1750-1839
The Opium Wars and Treaty Port Era
Toward Revolution: Reform and Reaction to 1900
In Search of Security Through Empire: Japan in the Meiji Era
Economics and Society in Late Qing China
The Seeds of Modernity and the New Economic Order
Culture, Arts, and Science
Zaibatsu and Political Parties: Economics and Society in Meiji Japan
Commerce and Cartels
"Enlightenment and Progress": Science, Culture, and the Arts

25. Adaption and Resistance: The Ottoman and Russian Empires, 1683-1908
Decentralization and Reforms in the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Imperialism in the 1600s and 1700s
The Western Challenge and Ottoman Responses
Iran's Effort to Cope with the Western Challenge
Westernization, Reforms, and Industrialization in Russia
Russia and Westernization
Russia in the Early Nineteenth Century
The Great Reforms
Russian Industrialization
The Abortive Russian Revolution of 1905

26. The New Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century
The British Colonies of India, Australia, and New Zealand
The British East India Company
Direct British Rule
The British Settler Colonies of Australia and New Zealand
European Imperialism in the Middle East and Africa
The Rising Appeal of Imperialism in the West
The Scramble for Africa
Western Imperialism and Colonialism in Southeast Asia
The Dutch in Indonesia
Spain in the Philippines
The French in Vietnam

27. Creoles and Caudillos: Latin America in the Nineteenth Century
Independence, Authoritarianism, and Political Instability
Independence and Political Development in the North: Haiti and Mexico
Independence and Development in Northern South America
Independence and Development in Southern and Western South America
Brazil: From Kingdom to Republic
Latin American Society and Economy in the Nineteenth Century
Rebuilding Societies and Economies
Export-Led Growth
Women, Family, and Culture

Part 6: Adaptations to Modernity across the Globe, 1900-Present

28. World War and Competing Visions of Modernity to 1945
The Great War and its Aftermath
A Savage War and a Flawed Peace
America First: The Beginnings of a Consumer Culture and the Great Depression
Great Britain and France: Slow Recovery and Empires
Latin America: Independent Democracies and Authoritarian Regimes
New Variations on Modernity: The Soviet Union and Communism
The Communist Party and Regime in the Soviet Union
The Collectivization of Agriculture and Industrialization
New Variations on Modernity: Supremacist Nationalism in Italy, Germany, and Japan
From Fascism in Italy to Nazism in the Third Reich
Japan's "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" and China's Struggle for Unity

29. Reconstruction, the Cold War, and Decolonization 1945-1962
Superpower Confrontation: Capitalist Democracy and Communism
The Cold War Era, 1945-1962
Society and Culture in Post-War North America, Europe, and Japan
Populism and Industrialization in Latin America
Slow Social Change
Populist Guided Democracy
The End of Colonialism and the Rise of New Nations
"China Has Stood Up"
Decolonization, Israel, and Arab Nationalism in the Middle East
Decolonization and the Cold War in Asia
Decolonization and Cold War in Sub-Saharan Africa

30. The End of the Cold War, Western Social Transformation, and the Developing World 1963-1991
The Climax of the Cold War
The Soviet Superpower in Slow Decline
Transforming the West
Civil Rights Movements
From "Underdeveloped" to "Developing" World, 1963-1991
China: Cultural Revolution to Four Modernizations
Vietnam: War and Unification
The Middle East
Africa: From Independence to Development

31. Globalization and Challenges to Modernity, 1991-Present
Capitalist Democracy: The Dominant Pattern of Modernity
A Decade of Global Expansion: The United States and the World in the 1990s
The Communist Holdouts: North Korea, Cuba, China, and Vietnam
A Decade of Global Shifts: Twenty-First Century Currents and Cross-Currents
The Environmental Limits of Modernity

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