Pay for Play: A History of Big-Time College Athletic Reform

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-12-01
  • Publisher: Univ of Illinois Pr
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In an era when college football coaches frequently command higher salaries than university presidents, many call for reform to restore the balance between amateur athletics and the educational mission of schools. This book traces attempts at college athletics reform from 1855 through the early twenty-first century while analyzing the different roles played by students, faculty, conferences, university presidents, the NCAA, legislatures, and the Supreme Court.Pay for Play: A History of Big-Time College Athletic Reformalso tackles critically important questions about eligibility, compensation, recruiting, sponsorship, and rules enforcement. Discussing reasons for reform-to combat corruption, to level the playing field, and to make sports more accessible to minorities and women-Ronald A. Smith candidly explains why attempts at change have often failed. Of interest to historians, athletic reformers, college administrators, NCAA officials, and sports journalists, this thoughtful book considers the difficulty in balancing the principles of amateurism with the need to draw income from sporting events. Ronald A. Smith is professor emeritus of sports history at Penn State University and the author of several books, includingSports and Freedom: The Rise of Big-Time College AthleticsandPlay-by-Play: Radio, Television, and Big-Time College Sport.

Author Biography

Ronald A. Smith is professor emeritus of sports history at Penn State University and the author of several books, including Sports and Freedom: The Rise of Big-Time College Athletics and Play-by-Play: Radio, Television, and Big-Time College Sport.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Student-Controlled Athletics and Early Reformp. 8
Faculty, Faculty Athletic Committees, and Reform Effortsp. 17
Early Interinstitutional Reform Effortsp. 25
Presidents: Promoters or Reformers?p. 34
Football, Progressive Reform, and the Creation of the NCAAp. 42
The NCAA: A Faculty Debating Society for Amateurismp. 51
The 1920s and the Carnegie Report on College Athleticsp. 59
Individual Presidential Reform: Gates, Hutchins, and Bowmanp. 71
Presidential Conference Reform: The 1930s Graham Plan Failurep. 81
The NCAA and the Sanity Code: A National Reform Gone Wrongp. 88
Ivy League Presidential Reformp. 99
Scandals and the ACE Reform Effort in the 1950sp. 109
Lowly Standards: Chaos in the Sports Yardsp. 121
The Hanford Report, Rejected Reform, and Proposition 48p. 131
Title IX and Governmental Reform in Women's Athleticsp. 141
African Americans, Freshman Eligibility, and Forced Reformp. 151
Presidential Control, Minor Reform, and the Knight Commissionp. 164
NCAA Reorganization, the Board of Presidents' Reform, and the APRp. 175
Faculty Reform Efforts: CARE, the Drake Group, and COIAp. 187
The Freshman Rule: A Nearly Forgotten Reformp. 197
Afterwordp. 207
Intercollegiate Athletic Reform Timelinep. 213
Notesp. 237
Bibliographyp. 285
Indexp. 327
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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