Personality Psychology: Domains of Knowledge About Human Nature

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-06-13
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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Randy Larsen and David Buss dynamically demonstrate how scientists approach the study of personality in Personality Psychology: Domains of Knowledge About Human Nature. Major findings, both classical and contemporary, are presented in the context of six key domains—Dispositional, Biological, Intrapsychic, Cognitive/Experimental, Social and/Culture, and Adjustment—providing a foundation for the analysis and understanding of human personality.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Personality Psychology

Personality Defined

Three Levels of Personality Analysis

A Fissure in the Field

Six Domains of Knowledge About Human Nature

The Role of Personality Theory

Standards for Evaluating Personality Theories

Is There a Grand Ultimate and True Theory of Personality?

2. Personality Assessment, Measurement, and Research Design

Sources of Personality Data

Evaluation of Personality Measures

Research Designs in Personality

Part I: The Dispositional Domain

3. Traits and Trait Taxonomies

What Is a Trait? Two Basic Formulations

The Act Frequency Formulation of Traits—An Illustration of the Descriptive Summary Formulation

Identification of the Most Important Traits

Taxonomies of Personality

4. Theoretical and Measurement Issues in Trait Psychology

Theoretical Issues

Measurement Issues

Personality and Prediction

5. Personality Dispositions over Time: Stability, Change, and Coherence

Conceptual Issues: Personality Development, Stability, Coherence, and Change

Three Levels of Analysis

Personality Stability Over Time

Personality Change

Personality Coherence Over Time: Prediction of Socially Relevant Outcomes

Part II: The Biological Domain

6. Genetics and Personality

The Human Genome

Controversy About Genes and Personality

Goals of Behavioral Genetics

What Is Heritability?

Behavioral Genetic Methods

Major Findings From Behavioral Genetic Research

Shared Versus Nonshared Environmental Influences: A Riddle

Genes and the Environment

Molecular Genetics

Behavioral Genetics, Science, Politics, and Values

7. Physiological Approaches to Personality

A Physiological Approach to Personality

Physiological Measures Commonly Used in Personality Research

Physiologically Based Theories of Personality

8. Evolutionary Perspectives on Personality

Evolution and Natural Selection

Evolutionary Psychology

Human Nature

Sex Differences

Individual Differences

The Big Five Motivation, and Evolutionarily Relevant Adaptive Problems

Limitations of Evolutionary Psychology

Part III: The Intrapsychic Domain

9. Psychoanalytic Approaches to Personality

Sigmund Freud: A Brief Biography

Fundamental Assumptions of Psychoanalytic Theory

Structure of Personality

Dynamics of Personality

Psychosexual Stages of Personality Development

Personality and Psychoanalysis

Why Is Psychoanalysis Important?

Evaluation of Freud’s Contributions

10. Psychoanalytic Approaches: Contemporary Issues

The Neo-Analytic Movement

Ego Psychology

Object Relations Theory

11. Motives and Personality

Basic Concepts

The Big Three Motives: Achievement, Power, and Intimacy

Humanistic Tradition: The Motive to Self-Actualize

Part IV: The Cognitive/Experiential Domain

12. Cognitive Topics in Personality

Personality Revealed Through Perception

Personality Revealed Through Interpretation

Personality Revealed Through Goals


13. Emotion and Personality

Issues in Emotion Research

Content Versus Style of Emotional Life

14. Approaches to the Self

Descriptive Component of the Self: Self-Concept

Evaluative Component of the Self: Self-Esteem

Social Component of the Self: Social Identity

Part V: The Social and Cultural Domain

15. Personality and Social Interaction



Manipulation: Social Influence Tactics

Panning Back: An Overview of Personality and Social Interaction

16. Sex, Gender, and Personality

The Science and Politics of Studying Sex and Gender

Sex Differences in Personality

Masculinity, Femininity, Androgyny, and Sex Roles

Theories of Sex Differences

17. Culture and Personality

Cultural Violations: An Illustration

What Is Cultural Personality Psychology?

Three Major Approaches to Culture

Part VI: The Adjustment Domain

18. Stress, Coping, Adjustment, and Health

Models of the Personality-Illness Connection

The Concept of Stress

Coping Strategies and Styles

Type A Personality and Cardiovascular Disease

19. Disorders of Personality

The Building Blocks of Personality Disorders

The Concept of Disorder

Specific Personality Disorders

Prevalence of Personality Disorders

Dimensional Model of Personality Disorders

Causes of Personality Disorders

20. Summary and Future Directions

Current Status of the Field

Domains of Knowledge: Where We’ve Been, Where We’re Going

Integration: Personality in the Twenty-First Century

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