Perspectives on Personality

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2003-07-14
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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The various perspectives of the field of personality provide the organizing framework for this text. Each perspective is presented in two chapters and is introduced by a prologue that describes the assumptions and themes of the perspective.

Table of Contents

An Introduction
What Is Personality Psychology?
Defining Personality
Theory in Personality Psychology
Perspectives on Personality
Organization within Chapters
Methods in the Study of Personality
Gathering Information
Establishing Relationships among Variables
Issues in Personality Assessment
Sources of Information
Reliability of Measurement
Validity of Measurement
Two Rationales behind the Development of Assessment Devices
Better Assessment: A Never-Ending Search
The Dispositional Perspective
The Dispositional Perspective: Major Themes and Underlying Assumptions
Types, Traits, and Interactionism
Types and Traits
What Traits Matter?
The Five-Factor Model: The Basic Dimensions of Personality?
Traits, Situations, and Interactionism
Interactionism Extended: Context-Dependent Expression of Personality
Trait Psychology: Problems and Prospects
Needs and Motives
Basic Theoretical Elements
Needs, Motives, and Personality
Individual Differences in Specific Needs
Further Determinants of Behavior
The Methods of Personology
Need and Motive Theories: Problems and Prospects
The Biological Perspective
The Biological Perspective: Major Themes and Underlying Assumptions
Inheritance, Evolution, and Personality
Physique and Personality
Determining the Role of Inheritance in Personality
What Personality Qualities Are Inherited?
Two Further Issues
Evolution and Human Behavior
Inheritance and Evolution: Problems and Prospects
Biological Processes and Personality
Eysenck: Extraversion, Neuroticism, and Brain Functions
A Different View of Brain Functions: Approach and Inhibition
Sensation Seeking: A Third Biological System?
Hormones and Personality
Biological Processes and Personality: Problems and Prospects
The Psychoanalytic Perspective
The Psychoanalytic Perspective: Major Themes and Underlying Assumptions
Psychoanalytic Structure and Process
The Topographical Model of Mind
Aspects of Personality: The Structural Model
Motivation: The Drives of Personality
Psychosexual Development
Psychoanalytic Structure and Process: Problems and Prospects
Anxiety, Defense, and Self-Protection
Mechanisms of Defense
The Psychopathology of Everyday Life
Projective Techniques of Assessment
Psychoanalytic Defense: Problems and Prospects
The Neoanalytic Perspective
The Neoanalytic Perspective: Major Themes and Underlying Assumptions
Ego Psychology
Principles of Ego Psychology
Ego Development
Ego Psychology: Problems and Prospects
Psychosocial Theories
Object Relations Theories
Attachment Theory and Personality
Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development
Problems in Behavior, and Behavior Change
Psychosocial Theories: Problems and Prospects
The Learning Perspective
The Learning Perspective: Major Themes and Underlying Assumptions
Conditioning Theories
Classical Conditioning
Instrumental Conditioning
Conditioning Theories: Problems and Prospects
Social-Cognitive Learning Theories
Elaborations on Conditioning Processes
Observational Learning
Manifestations of Cognitive and Social Learning
Social-Cognitive Learning Theories: Problems and Prospects
The Phenomenological Perspective
The Phenomenological Perspective: Major Themes and Underlying Assumptions
Humanistic Psychology: Self-Actualization and Self-Determination
The Self and Processes of Defense
Self-Actualization and Maslow's Hierarchy of Motives
Existential Psychology
Humanistic Theories: Problems and Prospects
Personal Constructs
Personal Constructs and Personality
Personal Construct Theory: Problems and Prospects
The Cognitive Self- Regulation Perspective
The Cognitive Self-Regulation Perspective: Major Themes and Underlying Assumptions
Contemporary Cognitive Views
Representing Your Experience of the World
Broader Statements on Cognition and Personality
Contemporary Cognitive Theories: Problems and Prospects
From Cognition to Behavior
Self-Regulation and Feedback Control
Self-Regulation Theories: Problems and Prospects
Personality In Perspective
Overlap and Integration
Similarities among Perspectives
Recurrent Themes, Viewed from Different Angles
Combining Perspectives
Name Index
Subject Index
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