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Philosophy : The Classics,9780415356299

Philosophy : The Classics

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780415356299

ISBN10:
0415356296
Format:
Nonspecific Binding
Pub. Date:
7/7/2006
Publisher(s):
Routledge
List Price: $27.95

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This is the 3rd edition with a publication date of 7/7/2006.
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Summary

In his exemplary clear style, Warburton introduces and assesses twenty-seven philosophical classics from Plato's Republicto Rawls' A Theory of Justice. For the third edition there is new text design and revised further reading make this the ideal book for all students, while three new chapters on Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil, Russell's The Problems of Philosophyand Sartre's Existentialism and Humanismmean that all the A Level set texts are covered. This brisk and invigorating tour through the great books of western philosophy explores the works of Plato, Aristotle, Boethius, Machiavelli, Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Schopenhauer, Mill, Kierkegaard, Marx and Engels, Nietzsche, Russell, Ayer, Sartre, Wittgenstein, and Rawls. Offering twenty-seven guidebooks for the price of one, this is the most comprehensive introduction to philosophers and their texts currently available.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements xvii
Introduction 1(92)
1 Plato
The Republic
5(14)
The Cave
5(1)
Plato and Socrates
6(1)
Thrasymachus and Glaucon
7(1)
Individual and state
7(1)
Divison of labour
8(1)
Rulers, Auxiliaries and Workers
8(1)
Role of women
9(1)
The myth of the metals
10(1)
The just state and the just individual
10(1)
The three parts of the soul
11(1)
Philosopher kings
12(1)
The theory of Forms
12(1)
Examples of injustice
13(1)
Against art
14(1)
Criticisms of The Republic
15(2)
Dates
17(1)
Glossary
17(1)
Further reading
18(1)
2 Aristotle
Nicomachean Ethics
19(12)
Eudaimonia: a happy life
20(2)
The function of a human being
22(1)
The virtues
22(1)
The Golden Mean
23(1)
Action and culpability
24(1)
Akrasia: weakness of will
25(1)
The contemplative life
26(1)
Criticisms of the Nicomachean Ethics
26(3)
Dates
29(1)
Glossary
29(1)
Further reading
30(1)
3 Boethius
The Consolation of Philosophy
31(6)
Philosophy
32(1)
Chance and happiness
32(1)
Evil and reward
33(1)
God and free will
33(2)
Criticism of The Consolation of Philosophy
35(1)
Dates
36(1)
Glossary
36(1)
Further reading
36(1)
4 Niccolò Machiavelli
The Prince
37(8)
Human nature
38(1)
Virtù
39(1)
Cesare Borgia versus Agathocles
40(1)
Interpretations of The Prince
40(2)
Criticisms of The Prince
42(1)
Dates
43(1)
Glossary
43(1)
Further reading
44(1)
5 René Descartes
Meditations
45(13)
Cartesian Doubt
46(1)
The evidence of the senses
46(1)
The evil demon
47(1)
The Cogito
48(1)
Cartesian Dualism
49(1)
The wax example
49(1)
God
50(1)
Beyond doubt
51(1)
Criticisms of Meditations
52(3)
Dates
55(1)
Glossary
55(1)
Further reading
56(2)
6 Thomas Hobbes
Leviathan
58(10)
The state of nature
59(2)
Laws of nature 6o
The social contract
61(1)
The sovereign
61(1)
The prisioners' dilemma
62(1)
Criticisms of Leviathan
63(2)
Dates
65(1)
Glossary
66(1)
Further reading
67(1)
7 Baruch de Spinoza
Ethics
68(6)
The title
69(1)
God and pantheism
69(1)
Mind and body
70(1)
Freedom and human bondage
70(1)
Love of God
71(1)
Criticisms of Ethics
72(1)
Dates
73(1)
Glossary
73(1)
Further reading
73(1)
8 John Locke
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
74(11)
No innate principles
75(1)
Ideas
76(1)
Primary and secondary qualities
77(1)
Personal identity
78(2)
Language
80(1)
Criticisms of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
81(2)
Dates
83(1)
Glossary
83(1)
Further reading
84(1)
9 John Locke
Second Treatise of Government
85(8)
First and Second Treatises
86(1)
The state of nature and laws of nature
86(1)
Property
87(1)
Money
88(1)
Civil society
89(1)
Rebellion
90(1)
Criticisms of Second Treatise of Government
90(1)
Dates
91(1)
Glossary
92(1)
Further reading
92(1)
10 David Hume
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
93(10)
The origin of ideas
94(1)
The association of ideas
95(1)
Causation
96(1)
Free will
97(2)
Miracles
99(1)
Hume's Fork
100(1)
Criticisms of An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
100(1)
Dates
101(1)
Glossary
101(1)
Further reading
102(1)
11 David Hume
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
103(9)
The characters
104(1)
The Design Argument
104(1)
Criticisms of the Design Argument
105(3)
The First Cause Argument
108(1)
Was Hume an atheist?
109(1)
Dates
110(1)
Glossary
110(1)
Further reading
111(1)
12 Jean-Jacques Rousseau
The Social Contract
112(7)
Social contract
113(1)
The general will
113(1)
Freedom
114(1)
The legislator
114(1)
Government
115(1)
Three types of government
115(2)
Criticisms of The Social Contract
117(1)
Dates
117(1)
Glossary
118(1)
Further reading
118(1)
13 Immanuel Kant
Critique of Pure Reason
119(7)
The synthetic a priori
120(1)
Appearances and the thing-in-itself
121(1)
Space/time
122(1)
The categories
122(1)
The transcendental deduction
123(1)
Criticism of the Critique of Pure Reason
123(1)
Dates
124(1)
Glossary
124(1)
Further reading
125(1)
14 Immanuel Kant
Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals
126(8)
The good will
126(1)
Duty and inclination
127(1)
Maxims
128(1)
The categorical imperative
128(2)
Kant, Aristotle and Mill
130(1)
Criticisms of The Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals
130(2)
Dates
132(1)
Glossary
132(1)
Further reading
133(1)
15 Arthur Schopenhauer
The World as Will and Idea
134(8)
The world as idea
134(1)
The world as will
135(1)
Art
136(1)
Music
137(1)
Free will
137(1)
Suffering and salvation
138(1)
Criticisms of The World as Will and Idea
139(1)
Dates
139(1)
Glossary
140(1)
Further reading
140(2)
16 John Stuart Mill
On Liberty
142(11)
Authorship
143(1)
The Harm Principle
143(2)
Freedom of speech
145(2)
Criticisms of On Liberty
147(3)
Dates
150(1)
Glossary
151(1)
Further reading
151(2)
17 John Stuart Mill
Utilitarianism
153(7)
Bentham's utilitarianism
153(1)
Mill on higher and lower pleasures
154(1)
The 'proof of utilitarianism
155(1)
Criticisms of Utilitarianism
156(2)
Dates
158(1)
Glossary
158(1)
Further reading
159(1)
18 Søren Vierkegaard
Either/Or
160(8)
Pseudonymous authorship
160(1)
Either
161(1)
The aesthetic approach to life
161(1)
Crop Rotation
162(1)
'The Seducer's Diary'
162(1)
The ethical approach to life
163(1)
Readings of Either/Or
164(2)
Criticisms of Either/Or
166(1)
Dates
167(1)
Glossary
167(1)
Further reading
167(1)
19 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
The German Ideology, Part One
168(7)
Historical materialism
169(1)
Division of labour
170(1)
Ideology
170(1)
Revolution
171(1)
Criticisms of The German Ideology
171(2)
Dates
173(1)
Glossary
174(1)
Further reading
174(1)
20 Friedrich Nietzsche
Beyond Good and Evil
175(7)
The title
176(1)
The Will to Power
177(1)
On the prejudices of philosophers
177(1)
Truth
178(1)
Unconscious drives
178(1)
Religion
179(1)
Criticisms of Beyond Good and Evil
179(2)
Dates
181(1)
Glossary
181(1)
Further reading
181(1)
21 Friedrich Nietzsche
On the Genealogy of Morality
182(8)
Genealogy
183(1)
First essay: 'good and evil' and 'good and bad'
183(1)
Ressentiment
184(1)
Second essay: conscience
185(1)
Third essay: asceticism
186(1)
Criticisms of On the Genealogy of Morality
187(2)
Dates
189(1)
Glossary
189(1)
Further reading
189(1)
22 Bertrand Russell
The Problems of Philosophy
190(8)
The title
191(1)
What is philosophy?
191(1)
Appearance and reality
192(1)
Knowledge by acquaintance and by description
193(1)
The a priori
194(1)
Induction
195(1)
Criticisms of The Problems of Philosophy
195(1)
Dates
196(1)
Glossary
196(1)
Further reading
197(1)
23 A.J. Ayer
Language, Truth and Logic
198(12)
The Verification Principle
199(2)
Strong and weak senses of 'verifiability'
201(1)
Metaphysics and poetry
202(1)
Philosophy
202(1)
The problem of induction
203(1)
Mathematics
204(1)
Ethics
204(2)
Religion
206(1)
Criticisms of Language, Truth and Logic
206(2)
Dates
208(1)
Glossary
208(1)
Further reading
209(1)
24 Jean-Paul Sartre
Being and Nothingness
210(12)
Phenomenological approach
211(1)
Being
211(1)
Nothingness
211(1)
Freedom
212(1)
Bad faith
213(2)
Critique of Freud
215(1)
Shame
216(1)
Love My death
217(1)
Existential psychoanalysis
218(1)
Criticisms of Being and Nothingness
218(1)
Dates
219(1)
Glossary
219(1)
Further reading
220(2)
25 Jean-Paul Sartre
Existentialism and Humanism
222(10)
What is existentialism?
222(1)
What is humanism?
222(1)
Answering his critics
223(1)
Abandonment
224(1)
Anguish
225(1)
Despair
225(1)
Sartre's pupil
226(2)
Criticisms of Existentialism and Humanism
228(2)
Dates
230(1)
Glossary
230(1)
Further reading
230(2)
26 Ludwig Wittgenstein
Philosophical Investigations
232(9)
Relation to Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
232(1)
The nature of philosophy
233(1)
Meaning as use
233(2)
Family resemblance terms
235(1)
The Private Language Argument
235(3)
Seeing aspects
238(1)
Criticisms of Philosophical Investigations
238(1)
Dates
239(1)
Glossary
240(1)
Further reading
240(1)
27 John Rawls
A Theory of Justice
241(8)
The original position
241(1)
The liberty principle
242(1)
The fair equality of opportunity principle and the difference principle
243(1)
Criticisms of A Theory of Justice
244(2)
Dates
246(1)
Glossary
247(1)
Further reading
247(2)
Index (including key concepts) 249


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