9780072878288

Philosophy: History & Problems with Free Philosophy PowerWeb

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  • ISBN13:

    9780072878288

  • ISBN10:

    0072878282

  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-11-25
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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Summary

This text brings together Stumpf's and Fieser's SOCRATES TO SARTRE AND BEYOND, Seventh Edition (2003) and PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS, Fifth Edition (2003) in one hardcover volume. It offers an accessible historical survey of philosophical ideas and a wealth of primary source readings at an excellent value.

Table of Contents

Book I: THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

PART ONE: ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHY

1. Socrates Predecessors

2. The Sophists and Socrates

3. Plato

4. Aristotle

PART TWO: HELLENISTIC AND MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY

5. Classical Philosophy After Aristotle

6. Augustine

7. Philosophy in the Early Middle Ages

8. Aquinas and his Late Medieval Successors

PART THREE: EARLY MODERN PHILOSOPHY

9. Philosophy During the Renaissance

10. Rationalism on the Continent

11. Empiricism in Britain

PART FOUR: LATE MODERN AND 19TH CENTURY PHILOSOPHY

12. Kant

13. German Idealism

14. Utilitarianism and Positivism

15. Kierkegaard, Marx, and Nietzsche

PART FIVE: 20TH CENTURY AND CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHY

16. Pragmatism and Process Philosophy

17. Analytic Philosophy

18. Phenomenology and Existentialism

19. Recent Philosophy

Book II: PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS

PART ONE: THE MEANING OF LIFE

Plato (427-347BCE), APOLOGY: "A Life Worth Living"

*Chuang-tzu (c. 250 BCE), THE CHUANG-TZU: "Living in Accord with the Tao"

Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), MY CONFESSION: "The Inevitability of the Question, 'What is the Aim of Life?'"

Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980), EXISTENTIALISM AND HUMANISM: "The Human Condition"

PART TWO: PHILOSOPHY OF MIND

Plato(427-347), PHAEDO: "Do Minds Survive after Death?"

*KATHA UPANISHAD (c. 500 BCE): "The Self-God"

*QUESTIONS OF KING MILIINDA(c. 100 CE): "The Self in Flux"

Lucretius (c. 94-55 BCE), ON THE NATURE OF THINGS: "The Mind as Body"

Rene Descartes (1569-1650), MEDITATIONS and THE PASSIONS OF THE SOUL: "The Distinction between Mind and Body"

*Anne Conway (1631-1678), THE PRINCIPLES OF THE MOST ANCIENT AND MODERN PHILOSOPHY: "Blurring the Distinction Between Mind and Body"

George Berkeley (1685-1753), THREE DIALOGUES BETWEEN HYLAS AND PHILONOUS: "Consciousness, not Matter, the True Reality"

*David Hume (1711-1776), TREATISE OF HUMAN NATURE: "The Mind as a Bundle of Perceptions"

Gilbert Ryle (1900-1976), THE CONCEPT OF MIND: "Descartes' Myth"

John Searle (b. 1932), MINDS, BRAINS, AND SCIENCE: "The Mind-Body Problem"

PART THREE: PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION

Anselm (1033-1109), PROSLOGIUM: "The Ontological Argument"

Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274), SUMMA THEOLOGICA: "Five Ways of Proving God's Existence"

*Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), THOUGHTS: "Waging on Belief in God"

*David Hume (1711-1776), AN ENQUIRY CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING: "The Irrationality of Believing in Miracles"

*David Hume (1711-1776), DIALOGUES CONCERNING NATURAL RELIGION: "Against the Design and Cosmological Arguments"

*J.L. Mackie (1917-1981), EVIL AND OMNIPOTENCE: "The Logical Problem of Evil"

PART FOUR: EPISTEMOLOGY

Plato (427-347), THE REPUBLIC: "The Ascent to True Knowledge: The Divided Line and Cave"

*Sextus Empiricus (c. 200 CE), OUTLINES OF PYRRHONISM: "The Goals and Methods of Skepticism"

Rene Descartes (1569-1650), MEDITATIONS: "Certainty and the Limits of Doubt"

John Locke (1632-1704), ESSAY CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING: "The Origin of All Our Ideas in Experience"

*David Hume (1711-1776), ENQUIRY CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING, Sections 4 and 5: "Empiricism and the Limits of Knowledge"

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON: "How Knowledge is Possible"

William James (1842-1910), PRAGMATISM: A NEW NAME FOR SOME OLD WAYS OF THINKING: "Pragmatism's Conception of Truth"

Bertrand Russell (1872-1970), PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY: "Appearance and Reality"

Arthur Eddington (1882-1944), THE NATURE OF THE PHYSICAL WORLD: "Common Sense Knowledge and Scientific Knowledge"

*Richard Rorty (b. 1931), PHILOSOPHY AND THE MIRROR OF NATURE: "Critique of Traditional Epistemology"

PART FIVE: FREE WILL AND DETERMINISM

*Epictetus (c. 50-c. 120), HANDBOOK: "Resigning Oneself to Fate"

*David Hume (1711-1776), ENQUIRY CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING: "The Argument for Determinism"

*Thomas Reid (1710-1796), ESSAYS ON THE ACTIVE POWERS OF MAN: "The Argument for Free Will from Common Sense Beliefs"

William James (1842-1919), THE DILEMMA OF DETERMINISM: "How Can We Explain Judgements of Regret"

John Searle (b. 1932), MINDS, BRAINS, AND SCIENCE: "The Freedom of the Will"

PART SIX: ETHICS

*Mencius (390-305 BCE) and Hsun-tzu (298-238 BCE), THE MENCIUS and THE HSUN-TZU: "Is Human Nature Inherently Good or Evil?"

Plato (427-347 BCE), EUTHYPHRO: "Does God Create Morality?"

Aristotle (384-322 BCE), NICHOMACHEAN ETHICS: "Morality and Virtue"

*Epicurus (341-271 BCE), LETTER TO MENOECEUS: "Pleasure and Life's Aim"

Immanual Kant (1724-1804), FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THE METAPHYSICS OF MORALS: "The Categorical Imperative"

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), UTILITARIANISM: "Utilitarianism: Basing Morality on Consequences"

Friederich Nietzsche (1844-1900), BEYOND GOOD AND EVIL, THE TWILIGHT OF THE IDOLS, and THE WILL TO POWER: "Turning Values Upside Down"

Carol Gilligan (b. 1936), IN A DIFFERENT VOICE: "Is there a Characteristically Feminine Voice Defining Morality?"

*James Fieser, (b. 1958), MORAL PHILOSOPHY THROUGH THE AGES: "Cultural Relativism"

PART SEVEN: POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

Plato (427-347 BCE), CRITO: "Obedience to the State"

Aristotle (384-322 BCE), POLITICS: "The Natural Basis of Society"

Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274), THE TREATISE ON LAW: "Natural Law"

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1678), DE CIVE: "The Social Contract"

*Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797), A VINDICATION OF THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN: "The Rights of Women"

Karl Marx (1818-1883), MANIFESTO OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY: "The Clash of Class Interests"

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), ON LIBERTY: "The Individual and the Limits of Government"

John Rawls (b. 1921), "Justice as Fairness"

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