Phonics and Word Identification Instruction and Intervention K-8

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-03-27
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Phonics and Word Identification: Instruction and Intervention, K-8is designed to address the needs of students from Kindergarten to eighth grade, and it includes both instructional activities for typical learners and interventions for students who may be struggling.Unique to this book is the inclusion of specific strategies for teaching phonics to intermediate elementary and middle school students, recognizing their developmental level and need for more appropriate phonics instruction geared to their age level. Also unique is the embedding of strategies in authentic classroom context, the use of literature, poetry, and three basic cueing systems. Readers are given informal assessments that can be used immediately in the classroom to pinpoint areas of difficulty to provide intervention.K-8 Inservice Teachers, Reading Specialists, and Literacy Coaches.

Table of Contents

Phonics: What, Why, and How?p. 1
Defining Phonics and Word Identificationp. 2
Phonics in The Middle Grades?p. 4
Intervention When Students Strugglep. 5
The Reading Wars: The Role of Phonics in Reading Instructionp. 6
The 1950s and 1960s: The Great Debatep. 6
The 1970s and 1980s: Phonics Versus Comprehensionp. 7
The 1990s: Whole Language Versus Phonicsp. 7
The Role of Phonics Instruction: Recent Developmentsp. 10
The National Reading Panel Reportp. 10
No Child Left Behind and State Standardsp. 11
Assessing Phonicsp. 12
Phonics in a Comprehensive Language Arts Programp. 12
Before You Move Onp. 12
What's in This Chapter for Me?p. 13
Making Decisions About Instruction: What Teachers Need to Knowp. 17
Approaches to Phonics Instructionp. 18
Traditional Approachesp. 18
Contemporary Approachesp. 19
Teachers must Show Students How to Use Cues to Identify Wordsp. 21
Graphophonemic Cuesp. 21
Using Meaning Cues: The Semantic and Syntactic Systemsp. 22
How Readers Combine Cuesp. 22
Teachers must Extend the Alphabetic Knowledge and Phonemic Awareness that Children Develop at Homep. 23
Letter and Alphabetic Knowledgep. 23
Phonemic Awarenessp. 24
Teaching Word Identification Is Based on an Understanding of Developmentp. 26
Prealphabetic Stagep. 27
Partial Alphabetic Stagep. 27
Alphabetic Stagep. 27
Consolidated Stagep. 28
Automatic Stagep. 29
Teachers must Know Appropriate Interventions for Students who Strugglep. 29
Intervention When Students Strugglep. 30
Teachers must Guide Their Instruction About Phonics and Word Identification Through Ongoing Assessmentp. 31
Assessing Phonemic Awarenessp. 31
Before You Move Onp. 31
What's in This Chapter for Me?p. 33
Learning and Teaching About Consonantsp. 35
Understanding Consonantsp. 36
Multiple Soundsp. 37
Silent Consonantsp. 37
Learning About Consonants Through Sorting Activitiesp. 38
Picture Sorting for Primary Studentsp. 38
Word Sorting for Intermediate and Middle Grade Studentsp. 39
Consonant Blends and Three-Letter Clustersp. 40
Ending Consonant Blendsp. 40
Learning About Blends Through Independent and Guided Activitiesp. 41
Consonant Digraphsp. 41
Classroom Environments for Teaching Consonantsp. 43
Name Word Wallp. 43
Learning Centersp. 44
Alphabet Booksp. 44
Take-Home Magnetsp. 45
Games to Reinforce Consonant Soundsp. 45
Assessing Consonant Letters and Soundsp. 47
Intervention When Students Strugglep. 49
Before You Move Onp. 49
What's in This Chapter for Me?p. 50
Learning and Teaching About Vowelsp. 53
Understanding Vowelsp. 54
Short Vowel Soundsp. 54
Rimesp. 56
Long Vowel Soundsp. 56
Making Words: A Way to Practice Vowel Patternsp. 57
Other Vowel Soundsp. 59
Whole Class Teaching and Learning Activitiesp. 62
Word Wallsp. 62
Brand Name Phonicsp. 63
Word Sortsp. 63
Word Laddersp. 64
Onset and Rime Writingp. 64
Small Group Gamesp. 64
Onset and Rime Bingop. 64
Red Light/Green Lightp. 65
Roll-a-Vowelp. 65
Make-a-Wordp. 65
Spill-a-Wordp. 65
Word Rummyp. 66
Rime Scattergoriesp. 66
Content Area Vowel Rummyp. 66
Interventions When Students Strugglep. 66
Assessing Vowel Soundsp. 67
Before You Move Onp. 68
What's in This Chapter for Me?p. 70
Incorporating Phonics and Word Identification into Reading Instructionp. 71
Using Embedded Instructionp. 73
Planning "Spontaneous" Lessonsp. 73
Encouraging Students to Use Cueing Systemsp. 74
Incorporating Phonics Instruction in Shared Readingp. 74
Using Poetry and Versep. 76
Teaching and Learning with Decodable Textp. 78
Guided Reading Using Leveled Textsp. 80
Teaching Word Identification in Literature Circlesp. 83
A Glimpse into a Grade 5/6 Classroom: Mrs. Lanyip. 83
Interventions When Students Strugglep. 84
A Glimpse into the Classroom: Mrs. Albertyp. 85
Assessing Word Identification with Meaningful Textsp. 85
Before You Move Onp. 87
What's in This Chapter for Me?p. 87
Spelling and Writing Instructionp. 89
Orthography: A Language for Spellersp. 90
High Frequency Wordsp. 90
Developmental Spelling Stagesp. 91
Prephonemic Stagep. 92
Phonemic Stagep. 92
Transitional Stagep. 94
Conventional Stagep. 94
Invented Spellingp. 96
Guiding Principles for Spelling Instructionp. 96
Classroom Strategies for Spelling and Writingp. 97
Shared (or Interactive) Writingp. 97
Writing Journalsp. 97
Writing Workshopp. 98
Mini Lessonsp. 99
Buddy Study Spellingp. 99
High Frequency Word Wallsp. 102
A Glimpse into Mrs. Schlotterer's First-Grade Classroomp. 103
Teacher-Made Spelling Gamesp. 104
Where's My Stuff?p. 104
I Won Onep. 105
Spelling Survivorp. 105
Interventions When Students Strugglep. 106
A Glimpse into an Intervention Classroomp. 106
Assessing Spellingp. 107
Before You Move Onp. 108
What's in This Chapter for Me?p. 108
Teaching Word Structure for Sound and Meaningp. 111
Understanding Morphemesp. 112
Structural Analysisp. 113
Compound Wordsp. 113
Prefixesp. 113
Suffixesp. 114
Teaching and Learning About Affixesp. 114
Greek and Latin Rootsp. 115
Teaching Big Words in Meaningful Contextp. 116
Inflectional Endingsp. 117
Interventions When Students Strugglep. 119
Syllables and Accentsp. 120
Assessing Affixesp. 122
Building a Rich Vocabulary Knowledgep. 122
Interesting Wordsp. 123
New Words and Slangp. 123
Ethnic Heritagep. 124
Words of the Yearp. 126
Specialized Wordsp. 126
Idiomsp. 126
Oxymoronsp. 127
Palindromes and Portmanteausp. 127
Before You Move Onp. 127
What's in This Chapter for Me?p. 128
Accommodating and Supporting Students with Language Differencesp. 131
Understanding the Needs of English Language Learnersp. 132
Literacy in the Primary Languagep. 133
Developing Conversational English Proficiencyp. 133
Developing Academic English Proficiencyp. 134
Social and Cultural Transitionsp. 134
Phonetic and Graphic Differences Between Languagesp. 134
Assessing English Language Learnersp. 135
Environments for Supporting English Language Learningp. 137
Surround All Students with Oral and Written Languagep. 137
Encourage Social Interactionp. 138
Share and Respect Culturep. 139
Interventions When Students Strugglep. 141
Shared Readingp. 141
Journal Writingp. 141
Shared Writingp. 141
Sheltered Instructionp. 142
Strategy Teachingp. 142
Other Suggestionsp. 142
Nonmainstream English Speakersp. 143
Culturally Responsive Instructionp. 144
Regional Dialectsp. 145
Before You Move Onp. 146
What's in This Chapter for Me?p. 148
Appendixp. 149
Glossaryp. 153
Referencesp. 159
Indexp. 167
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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