9780792371472

Physical Aspects of Fracture

by ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780792371472

  • ISBN10:

    079237147X

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-09-01
  • Publisher: Kluwer Academic Pub
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Summary

This wide-ranging survey of the physical aspects of fracture shows that the old barriers between different scales will soon themselves fracture. It is no longer unrealistic to imagine that a crack initiated through a molecular dynamics description could be propagated at the grain level thanks to dislocation dynamics included in a crystal plasticity model, itself implemented in a finite element code. Linking what happens at the atomic scale to fracture of structures as large as a dam is the new emerging challenge. The volume includes papers on most materials of practical interest from concrete to ceramics through metallic alloys, glasses, polymers and composite materials. The classical fields of fracture mechanisms are addressed. Brittle and ductile fractures are considered. The text is carefully balanced between experiments, simulations and theoretical models, and between the contributions by the various communities. New topics of damage and fracture mechanics are also explored, such as the effect of disorder and statistical aspects, dynamic fracture, friction and fracture of interfaces.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
International Scientific Committee viii
List of Participants
xi
Opening overview (New trends in Fracture Mechanics)
Some studies of crack dynamics
3(12)
J.R. Rice
Brittle fracture
Fracture of metals: Part I: Cleavage Fracture
15(20)
D. Francois
A. Pineau
The Weibull law: a model of wide applicability
35(12)
F. Hild
Brittle fracture of snow
47(12)
H.O.K. Kirchner
Random fuse networks: a review
59(14)
A. Hansen
On modelling of ``winged'' cracks forming under compression
73(4)
F. Lehner
M. Kachanov
Continum damage and scaling of fracture
77(8)
G. Pijaudier-Cabot
C. Le Bellego
B. Gerard
Damage of concrete: application of network simulations
85(14)
J.M.G. Van Mier
Degradation in brittle materials under static loadings
99(12)
Y. Berthaud
Study of the brittle-to-ductile transition in ceramics and cermets by mechanical spectroscopy
111(14)
R. Schaller
G. Fantozzi
Ductile Fracture
Fracture of metals: Part II: Ductile Fracture
125(22)
D. Francois
A. Pineau
Fracture mechanics of metals: some features of crack initiation and crack propagation
147(20)
A.J. Krasowsky
A model of damage in an austenitic stainless steel by high temperature creep
167(12)
S.K. Kanaun
Interrelation between constitutive laws and fracture in the vicinity of friction surfaces
179(12)
S. Alexandrov
Polycrystalline plasticity under small strains
191(16)
F. Barbe
S. Forest
G. Cailletaud
Fracture and mesoscopic plastic deformation
207(18)
E. Van der Giessen
Strain localization in single crystals and polycrystals
225(20)
C. Rey
T. Hoc
Ph. Erieau
Fatigue and stress corrosion
Modelling in fatigue. Remarks on scales of material description: application to high cycle fatigue
245(14)
K. Dang Van
The influence of microstructure and moist environment on fatigue crack propagation in metallic alloys
259(12)
J. Petit
Cyclic strain localization in fatigued metals
271(12)
H. Mughrabi
Environmental effects on fatigue in metals
283(22)
T. Magnin
Stress corrosion of glass
305(18)
R. Gy
Dynamics of fracture
Experimental challenges in the investigation of dynamic fracture of brittle materials
323(20)
K. Ravi-Chandar
Experiments in dynamic fracture
343(10)
D. Rittel
Propagation of an interfacial crack front in a heterogeneous medium: Experimental observations
353(18)
J. Schmittbuhl
A. Delaplace
K.J. Maloy
Index 371

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