Pioneers of European Integration and Peace, 1945-1963 : A Brief History with Documents

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-02-15
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

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After the devastation of the Second World War, Western European leaders worked together to achieve the lasting peace that had eluded their predecessors after World War I. Men such as France's Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman, Belgium's Paul-Henri Spaak, and West Germany's Konrad Adenauer laid the foundations for the creation of the European Union. Sherrill Brown Wells's collection of primary documents takes students through the evolution of European integration during these critical early years.

Author Biography

Sherrill Brown Wells lectures in history and international affairs at the Elliott School of International Affairs, GeorgeWashington University.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. iii
Prefacep. v
List of maps and illustrationsp. xiv
Introduction: The Pioneers of European Integrationp. 1
War's Aftermath: Plans for Peace, Cold War, and Reconstructionp. 2
The Marshall Planp. 5
Revitalizing the French Economyp. 6
Integration Schemes Proliferatep. 7
French-German Rapprochementp. 8
The European Coal and Steel Community: A Supranational Communityp. 13
The Failure of the Idea of a European Defense Communityp. 16
The Impact of the ECSCp. 17
Increased Commitments to European Integrationp. 18
The Road to Closer Unionp. 20
Negotiating the Treaties of Romep. 24
The European Economic Communityp. 27
De Gaulle and the EECp. 30
The British Application to Join the EECp. 31
"Ever Closer Union": The EEC to the EU, 1963-2006p. 35
The Documentsp. 43
War's Aftermath: Plans for Peace, Cold War, and Reconstructionp. 45
The State of Federalism in June 1945, June 17, 1945p. 45
"If France Does Not Recover...What Hope Is There for Europe?" July 1945p. 47
"The French Economy Can't Be Transformed Unless the French People Take Part...in an Investment and Modernization Plan," August 1945p. 49
Iron Curtain Speech, March 5, 1946p. 51
United States of Europe Speech, September 19, 1946p. 54
The Truman Doctrine, March 12, 1947p. 58
"The World Situation Is Very Serious," June 5, 1947p. 61
Criticism of the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan, September 18, 1947p. 64
The Design and Goals of the Monnet Plan, 1946-1948p. 66
The Need for a Western Defensive Alliance, January 22, 1948p. 70
OEEC's Role: Promoting European Cooperation, April 1948p. 72
Europe Must Build "a True Western Federation," April 18, 1948p. 77
"I Saw Our Policy towards Germany Beginning to Slip Back into Its Old Ways," April 1948p. 79
The Congress of Europe, May 7-11, 1948p. 80
The Approach toward the Political and Economic Union of Europe Must Be Gradual, "Genuine, and Lasting," February 20, 1950p. 83
French-German Rapprochementp. 85
"France's Continued Recovery Will Come to a Halt Unless We Rapidly Solve the Problem of German Industrial Production and Its Competitive Capacity," May 3, 1950p. 85
The Schuman Declaration, May 9, 1950p. 87
The Schuman Plan's "Conception Is Brilliantly Creative," May 10, 1950p. 90
Meeting with Adenauer: Sharing Identical Views, May 23, 1950p. 91
Enthusiastic Support for the Schuman Plan, August 1950p. 96
"The Schuman Proposals Are Revolutionary," August 1950p. 98
Seeds of the Pleven Plan, September 16, 1950p. 100
Pleven Plan for a European Defense Community (EDC), October 24, 1950p. 103
A Call for Political Unity and the Economic Integration of Western Europe, July 3, 1951p. 106
Beyen Plan to Establish a Customs Union, December 11, 1952p. 108
Alarmed by French Rejection of the European Defense Community Treaty, August 31, 1954p. 109
The Road to Closer Union and the Treaties of Romep. 112
The Messina Declaration, June 1-2, 1955p. 112
A United Europe Would Stabilize East-West Relations, June 16, 1955p. 115
Action Committee for the United States of Europe, October 6, 1955p. 121
"The Spearhead" for European Unity Must Be "the Peaceful Atom," January 1956p. 122
Unreserved German Support for European Integration, January 19, 1956p. 124
Strong U.S. Support for Euratom and Common Market Proposals, January 26, 1956p. 125
French Officialdom: Main Obstacle in Rome Treaty Negotiations, 1956-March 1957p. 127
Rome Treaty Negotiations as First Stage of a Political Revolution, 1956-March 1957p. 132
De Gaulle, the European Economic Community, and the French-German Treatyp. 138
A Europe of States, May 15, 1962p. 138
Declaration of Interdependence Speech, July 4, 1962p. 140
Britain's Decision to Join the European Economic Community, September 10, 1962p. 142
Veto of British Application for EEC Membership, January 14, 1963p. 143
Common Declaration of the French-German Treaty, January 22, 1963p. 145
"We Have to Live with de Gaulle," January 22, 1963p. 147
"The European Community...Is a Process of Continuous Creation," March 2, 1963p. 149
Without French-German Reconciliation, "Europe Is Unthinkable," July 2, 1963p. 151
Glossary of Acronyms and Termsp. 153
Glossary of Key Peoplep. 157
A Chronology of European Integration (1945-1963)p. 160
Questions for Considerationp. 163
Selected Bibliographyp. 165
Indexp. 169
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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