9780534614164

Point-Counterpoint Readings in American Government

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780534614164

  • ISBN10:

    0534614167

  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-06-13
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing

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Summary

Part I: FOUNDATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES POLITICAL SYSTEM. 1. Has the Wisdom of the Framers of the Constitution in Promoting a "More Perfect Union" Been Overrated? YES: Thurgood Marshall, The Constitution: Past And Present. NO: William Bradford Reynolds, The Wisdom Of The Framers. Questions For Discussion. Suggested Readings. 2. Should Power Be Transferred from the Federal Government to the States? YES: Kirk Cox, Power to the States. NO: John G. Kester, Forever Federal. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. Part II: CIVIL LIBERTIES AND CIVIL RIGHTS. 3. In Fighting a War on Terrorism, Is the United States Acting Within Reasonable Limits to Maintain Its Civil Liberties? YES: John Ashcroft, Civil Liberties, The War on Terrorism, and National Security. NO: Michael Ratner, Moving Toward a Police State or Have We Arrived? Secret Military Tribunals, Mass Arrests and Disappearances, Wiretapping & Torture. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 4. Should A National Identification Card System Be Established? YES: Amitai Etzioni, You''ll Love Those National ID Cards. NO: Kate Corrigan, The Case Against National ID Cards. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 5. Is Racial Profiling Ever Justified? YES: Walter E. Williams, Racial Profiling. NO: David A. Harris, Racial Profiling Is Not Justified? Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 6. Should the Death Penalty Be Abolished? YES: Senator Russ Feingold, A New Millennium: Time to Stop Tinkering with the Machinery of Death. NO: Matthew T. Mangino, Death Penalty. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 7. Should the Doctrine of Separation Between Church and State Be Interpreted in a Way That Is Favorable to Public Worship and Acknowledgment of God? YES: Roy S. Moore, Putting God Back in the Public Square. NO: Rev. Roger Bertschausen, Rethinking the Separation Between Church and State. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 8. Is Affirmative Action a Desirable Policy to Remedy Discrimination in Higher Education? YES: Stanley Fish Affirming Affirmative Action. NO: Roger Clegg, Not a Close Question: Preferences in University Admissions. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. Part III: POPULAR PARTICIPATION. 9. Do Big Corporations Control America? YES: Richard Grossman, The Progressive Interview (Ruth Conniff). NO: James Ralph Edwards, Do Big Corporations Control America? Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 10. Should You Vote for a Minor Party Candidate You May Prefer over the "Lesser Evil" from a Major Party? YES: Michael Lerner, Don''t Vote Lesser Evil Politics. NO: Barney Frank, Response to Lerner on Lesser Evil Politics! Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 11. Is Campaign Finance Reform Desirable in the American Political System? YES: Joseph I. Lieberman, Campaign Finance Reform. NO: Bradley A. Smith, Campaign Finance Reform: Faulty Assumptions and Undemocratic Consequences. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 12. Do the Mass Media Have a Liberal Bias? YES: Jeff Jacoby, U.S. Media Retain their Liberal Bias. NO: Bernie Sanders, Corporations Have a Chokehold on U.S. Media. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 13. Should the Electoral College Be Abolished? YES: Richard J. Durbin, Abolish the Electoral College. NO: Judith Best, In Defense of the Electoral College. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. Part IV: POLICY-MAKING INSTITUTIONS. 14. Should the United States Adopt a British Parliamentary-type System of Government? YES and NO Herbert M. Levine, The Pros and Cons of the Parliamentary System for the United States. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 15. Does the President Have Legal Authority to Engage in Military Action Against the Nation''s Enemies Without the Specific Authorization of Congress? YES: John Yoo, The President''s War-Making Power. NO: Louis Fischer, The Congressional Role in War. Questions for Discussion. Suggested Readings. 16. Should the Senate Take into Consideration the

Table of Contents

Preface vii
PART I Foundations of the United States Political System
1(30)
Has the Wisdom of the Framers of the Constitution in Promoting a ``More Perfect Union'' Been Overrated?
3(13)
Yes The Constitution: Past and Present
4(4)
Thurgood Marshall
No The Wisdom of the Framers
8(8)
William Bradford Reynolds
Questions for Discussion
14(1)
Suggested Resources
14(2)
Should Power Be Transferred from the Federal Government to the States?
16(15)
Yes Power to the States
19(2)
Kirk Cox
No Forever Federal
21(10)
John G. Kester
Questions for Discussion
27(1)
Suggested Resources
28(3)
PART II Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
31(108)
In Fighting a War on Terrorism, Is the United States Acting within Reasonable Limits to Maintain Its Civil Liberties?
34(17)
Yes Civil Liberties, the War on Terrorism, and National Security
38(4)
John Ashcroft
No Moving Toward a Police State or Have We Arrived? Secret Military Tribunals, Mass Arrests and Disappearances, Wiretapping and Torture
42(9)
Michael Ratner
Questions for Discussion
49(1)
Suggested Resources
49(2)
Should a National Identification Card System Be Established?
51(14)
Yes You'll Love Those National ID Cards
54(1)
Amitai Etzioni
No The Case against National ID Cards
55(10)
Katie Corrigan
Questions for Discussion
63(1)
Suggested Resources
63(2)
Is Racial Profiling Ever Justified?
65(18)
Yes Racial Profiling
68(2)
Walter E. Williams
No Racial Profiling Is Not Justified
70(13)
David A. Harris
Questions for Discussion
81(1)
Suggested Resources
81(2)
Should the Death Penalty Be Abolished?
83(17)
Yes A New Millennium: Time to Stop Tinkering with the Machinery of Death
86(9)
Russ Feingold
No Death Penalty Moratorium
95(5)
Matthew T. Mangino
Questions for Discussion
97(1)
Suggested Resources
98(2)
Should the Doctrine of Separation between Church and State Be Interpreted in Way That Is Favorable to Public Worship and Acknowledgment of God?
100(18)
Yes Putting God Back in the Public Square
103(6)
Roy S. Moore
No Rethinking the Separation between Church and State
109(9)
Roger Bertschausen
Questions for Discussion
115(1)
Suggested Resources
116(2)
Is Affirmative Action a Desirable Policy to Remedy Discrimination in Higher Education?
118(21)
Yes Affirming Affirmative Action
122(4)
Stanley Fish
No Not a Close Question: Preferences in University Admissions
126(13)
Roger Clegg
Questions for Discussion
136(1)
Suggested Resources
136(3)
PART III Popular Participation
139(68)
Do Big Corporations Control America?
142(14)
Yes Big Corporations Undermine Democracy: An Interview by Ruth Conniff
143(6)
Richard Grossman
No Do Big Corporations Control america?
149(7)
James Rolph Edwards
Questions for Discussion
154(1)
Suggested Resources
154(2)
Should You Vote for the ``Lesser Evil'' from a Major Party over a Minor Party Candidate You May Prefer?
156(13)
Yes Don't Vote Lesser Evil Politics!
158(6)
Michael Lerner
No Response to Lerner on Lesser Evil Politics!
164(5)
Barney Frank
Questions for Discussion
166(1)
Suggested Resources
167(2)
Is Campaign Finance Reform Desirable in the American Political System?
169(15)
Yes Campaign Finance Reform
171(4)
Joseph I. Lieberman
No Campaign Finance Reform: Faulty Assumptions and Undemocratic Consequences
175(9)
Bradley A. Smith
Questions for Discussion
182(1)
Suggested Resources
182(2)
Should the Electoral College Be Abolished?
184(15)
Yes Abolish the Electoral College
186(5)
Richard J. Durbin
No In Defense of the Electoral College
191(8)
Judith A. Best
Questions for Discussion
196(1)
Suggested Resources
197(2)
Do the Mass Media Have a Liberal Bias?
199(8)
Yes U.S. Media Retain Their Liberal Bias
200(2)
Jeff Jacoby
No Corporations Have Chokehold on U.S. Media
202(5)
Bernie Sanders
Questions for Discussion
204(1)
Suggested Resources
204(3)
PART IV Policy-Making Institutions
207(94)
Should the United States Adopt a Parliamentary System of Government?
210(13)
Yes The Case for a Parliamentary System
212(4)
Herbert M. Levine
No The Case against a Parliamentary System
216(7)
Herbert M. Levine
Questions for Discussion
221(1)
Suggested Resources
221(2)
Does the President Have Legal Authority to Engage in Military Action against the Nation's Enemies without the Specific Authorization of Congress?
223(21)
Yes The President's War-Making Power
226(5)
John Yoo
No The Congressional Role in War
231(13)
Louis Fisher
Questions for Discussion
242(1)
Suggested Resources
242(2)
Should the Senate Take into Consideration the Ideology of a Nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court in Its Confirmation Decision?
244(22)
Yes Ideology Should Be a Factor in the Confirmation of Supreme Court Nominees
247(11)
Laurence H. Tribe
No Ideology Should Not Be a Factor in the Confirmation of Supreme Court Nominees
258(8)
Douglas W. Kmiec
Questions for Discussion
264(1)
Suggested Resources
264(2)
Is the Bureaucracy a Threat to Liberty?
266(14)
Yes The Preservation of the Bureaucracy
268(3)
Jacob G. Hornberger
No In Defense of Government
271(9)
Ellsworth Barnard
Questions for Discussion
277(1)
Suggested Resources
278(2)
Should the Supreme Court Abide by a Strict Constructionist Philosophy?
280(21)
Yes The Case for Judicial Restraint
282(7)
J. Clifford Wallace
No The Supreme Court's Proper and Historic Function
289(12)
Jeffrey M. Shaman
Questions for Discussion
297(1)
Suggested Resources
298(3)
PART V Public Policy
301(86)
Should the Federal Government's Prohibition of Drugs Be Ended?
303(21)
Yes Drug Legalization, Criminalization, and Harm Reduction
305(8)
David Boaz
No Drug Legalization Would Be a Disaster
313(11)
Donnie Marshall
Questions for Discussion
321(1)
Suggested Resources
322(2)
Will Gun Control Reduce Violence?
324(24)
Yes Educational Fund to Stop Gun Violence The Facts about Gun Violence
327(11)
No Gun Control Only Seems Like a Good Idea!
338(10)
Jim Babka
Questions for Discussion
346(1)
Suggested Resources
347(1)
Is ``Smart Growth'' a Smart Idea to Control Suburban Sprawl?
348(20)
Yes The Environmental, Social, and Cultural Impacts of Sprawl
350(9)
Patrick Gallagher
No The Myth of Suburban Sprawl
359(9)
Thomas J. DiLorenzo
Questions for Discussion
365(1)
Suggested Resources
366(2)
Should the United States Resist Globalization?
368(19)
Yes Alternatives Committee of the International Forum on Globalization A Better World Is Possible! Alternatives to Economic Globalization
370(8)
No A Response to the Assault on the Global Economy
378(9)
Murray Weidenbaum
Questions for Discussion
383(1)
Suggested Resources
384(3)
Acknowledgments 387(6)
Contributors 393

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