The Political Construction of Business Interests

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-04-02
  • Publisher: Cambridge Univ Pr
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Many societies use labor market coordination to maximize economic growth and equality, yet employers' willing co-operation with government and labor is something of a mystery. The Political Construction of Corporate Interests recounts employers' struggles to define their collective social identities at turning points in capitalist development. Employers are most likely to support social investments in countries with strong peak business associations, that help members form collective preferences and realize policy goals in labor market negotiations. Politicians, with incentives shaped by governmental structures, took the initiative in association-building and those that created the strongest associations were motivated to evade labor radicalism and to preempt parliamentary democratization. Sweeping in its historical and cross-national reach, the book builds on original archival data, interviews and cross-national quantitative analyses. The research has important implications for the construction of business as a social class and powerful ramifications for equality, welfare state restructuring and social solidarity.

Author Biography

Cathie Jo Martin is Professor of Political Science at Boston University and former chair of the Council for European Studies. She is the author of Stuck in Neutral: Business and the Politics of Human Capital Investment Policy (2000) and Shifting the Burden: The Struggle over Growth and Corporate Taxation (1991) and has held fellowships at the Radcliffe Institute and the Russell Sage Foundation. Duane Swank is Professor of Political Science at Marquette University and Vice President/President-Elect of the American Political Science Association Organized Section in Comparative Politics. He is the author of Global Capital, Political Institutions, and Policy Change in Developed Welfare States (Cambridge 2002) and has held fellowships with the German Marshall Fund and at the Australian National University.

Table of Contents

List of Figuresp. ix
List of Tablesp. x
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Collective Political Engagement and the Welfare Statep. 6
The Political Origins of Coordinated Capitalismp. 28
Party Conflict and the Origins of Danish Labor Market Coordinationp. 50
British Experiments in National Employers' Organizationp. 69
Sectional Parties and Divided Business in the United Statesp. 89
The Origins of Sector Coordination in Germanyp. 109
Twenty-First Century Breakdown? Challenges to Coordination in the Postindustrial Agep. 128
Institutional Sources of Employers' Preferences For Social Policyp. 149
Employers, Coordination, and Active Labor Market Policy in Postindustrial Denmarkp. 170
Employers and Active Labor Market Policy in Postindustrial Britainp. 189
The Failure of Coordination and the Rise of Dualism in Germanyp. 208
The Political Foundations of Redistribution and Equalityp. 227
Conclusion: Social Solidarity After the Crisis of Finance Capitalismp. 248
Bibliographyp. 257
Indexp. 301
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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