Politics of Latin America The Power Game

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2014-07-14
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Now in its fifth edition, Politics of Latin America explores both the evolution and the current state of politics in Latin America. Distinguishing itself from more traditional works on the subject, this unique text demonstrates a nuanced sensitivity to the use and abuse of power and the importance of social conditions, gender, race, globalization, class, and political economy throughout Latin America.

The first part of the text features thematic chapters that outline the region's geographic setting, history, economics, society, gender, race, and religion, setting the stage for a more detailed analysis of the politics, democratization, political culture, political movements, and revolution in Latin America, along with U.S.-Latin American relations. The second part of the book consists of carefully constructed case studies of ten representative Latin American nations: Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Cuba, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. Each case study traces the historical and political development of key actors and institutions, analyzing contemporary power configurations.

Author Biography

Harry E. Vanden is Professor of Political Science and Latin American Studies at the University of South Florida.

Gary Prevost is Professor of Political Science at St. John's University and the College of St. Benedict.

Table of Contents

*=New to this Edition
Maps and Frequently Cited Acronyms
Introduction: Notes on Studying Politics in Latin America
1. An Introduction to Twenty-First Century Latin America
Once There Were Rain Forests
The People
The Land
The Cities Explode: Urbanization
2. Early History
People in the Americas before the Conquest
The Conquest
How Could They Do It?
Early Colony
Production, Trade, and Extraction of Riches
The Church
Colonial State Organization
Governmental Organization
The Bourbon Reforms
3. Democracy and Dictators: A Historical Overview from Independence to the Present Day
Early Drive for Independence in Hispanic America
Brazilian Independence
Early Years of Independence
The Aftermath of Independence and the Monroe Doctrine
The Cold War and Change
4. The Other Americans
European Justification
The Role of Sugar and Slavery
Resistance to Slavery
Concept of Race
Contemporary Struggle of the Indigenous People
5. Society, Family, and Gender
Family and Gender Roles
Class, Gender, Race, and Mobility
Homosexuality and Transgenderism
6. Religion in Latin America
Indigenous Religious Practice
Colonial Catholic Church
The Church in Modern Latin America
A New Political Role
Impact of Liberation Theology
Protestantism and Pentecostalism
African-Inspired Religions
7. The Political Economy of Latin America
On Economics and Political Economy
The Latin American Economy
Agrarian Production
Foreign Investment and Enclave Production
Dependency and Underdevelopment
Raul Prebisch and the ECLA
Dependency Theory
Import Substitution Industrialization
Export Orientation
Increasing Foreign Debt and the Debt Crisis
Structural Adjustment and the Move to Neoliberalism
Privatization and Neoliberalism
Regional Integration, NAFTA, and the Globalization Process
Economic Legacy
Twenty-First-Century Prospects
8. Democracy and Authoritarianism: Latin American Political Culture
Authoritarian Legacy and Weak Democratic Tradition
9. Politics, Power, Institutions, and Actors
Political Actors
Rural Poor
10. Struggling for Change: Revolution, Social and Political Movements in Latin America
El Salvador
Argentine Manifestation
Chiapas: Regional Victory
New Social Movements and New Politics
* Bolivia
11. U.S.-Latin American Relations
Territorial Expansion: Confrontation with Mexico
Dreams of Cuba
Economic Transformation
Gunboat Diplomacy, the Big Stick, and Dollar Diplomacy
Democracy and World War II
The Rio Treaty and the Organization of American States
Guatemalan Case
Alliance for Progress
National Security Doctrine
September 11 Coup in Chile
Cold War in Central America
Latin America and the Post-Cold War World
Latin American Initiatives
Prospects for the Future
North America: Mexico
12. Mexico, Nora Hamilton
Historical Trajectory
Economic Development and the "Perfect Dictatorship": 1940-1982
Economic Liberalization and Political Transition: 1982-2000
Toward an Uncertain Future: 2000-2010
South America: Southern Cone/The ABC Powers
13. Argentina, Aldo C. Vacs
Political Evolution
Economic Crisis, Political Upheaval, and the Return of Populism
Politics and Power
Looking Forward: Argentina's Political Prospects
14. Brazil, Wilber Albert Chaffee
A Brief Political History
Democratic Interlude
Military Rule
The "New Republic"
Political Economy
Foreign Policy
Geography of Inequality
A Culture of Discrimination
The Political System
The President
The Legislature
The Courts
Political Parties
Interest Groups
The Amazon
Brazil Today
15. Chile, Eduardo Silva
Political Economy
Political History
Military Government
Power and Politics
Chilean Government Structures
Interest Groups
South America: Andean Countries
16. Colombia, John C. Dugas
Economic and Social Context
Political History
The Colombian Political Regime: Constitutional Structure and Actual Practice
17. Venezuela, Daniel Hellinger
Geography and People
Race and Gender
Venezuela's History and Its Uses Today
Oil Changes Everything
The Punto Fijo Regime and the Rise and Fall of "Partyarchy"
From Decay to Collapse of the Punto Fijo System
Survival Politics
Venezuela's "Bolivarian" Constitution and Institutional Framework
Political Actors in Bolivarian Venezuela
Economic and Development Strategies in Bolivarian Venezuela
18. Bolivia, Waltraud Q. Morales
Geopolitical Overview
Early History
Colonial Rule (1532-1809)
Independence and Caudillo Rule (1809 1879)
The War of the Pacific (1879-1884)
Republican Government (1880 1932)
The Chaco War and the Coming of Revolution (1932-1951)
From Revolution to Military Dictatorship (1952-1982)
Transition to Democratic Rule
Indigenous Resurgence and Populist Democracy
* Refounding Bolivia
* What's Ahead for Morales and Bolivia
Cuba and the Caribbean
19. Cuba, Gary Prevost
Revolution in Power
Decade of the 1970s: Economic Changes
Political Process
International Relations
Cuban Response to the Collapse of the Soviet Union
* U.S.-Cuban Relations
20. Guatemala, Susanne Jonas
Precolonial, Colonial, and Neocolonial History
The Revolution of 1944-1954 and the 1954 CIA Intervention
Aftermath: Chronic Crisis
Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in the 1970s-1980s
Transition to Restricted Civilian Rule
Social Crisis and Reemergence of Social Movements
Guatemala's Peace Process (1990-1996)
21. Nicaragua, Gary Prevost and Harry E. Vanden
The Modern Era
Carlos Fonseca and the Roots of the FSLN
Turning Point for Revolution
The FSLN in Power
Consolidating Political Institutions
The 1990 Election and After
The 1996 Elections and the Evolving Party System
Neoliberalism and the Economy
Social Conditions
Nicaraguan Government Structures
Interest Groups
Liberal Parties
Appendix 1. Presidential Elections
Appendix 2. Recent Legislative Elections
Authors and Contributors

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