9780849389399

Polymer Science and Technology

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780849389399

  • ISBN10:

    0849389399

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-03-23
  • Publisher: CRC Press

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
List Price: $141.81 Save up to $113.99
  • Rent Book $70.91
    Add to Cart Free Shipping

    TERM
    PRICE
    DUE
    IN STOCK USUALLY SHIPS IN 24 HOURS.
    HURRY! ONLY 2 COPIES IN STOCK AT THIS PRICE

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
  • The Used, Rental and eBook copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Your search for the perfect polymers textbook ends here - with Polymer Science and Technology. By incorporating an innovative approach and consolidating in one volume the fundamentals currently covered piecemeal in several books, this efficient text simplifies the learning of polymer science.The book is divided into three main sections: polymer fundamentals; polymer formation and conversion into useful articles; and polymer properties and applications. Polymer Science and Technology emphasizes the basic, qualitative understanding of the concepts rather than rote memorization or detailed mathematical analysis. Since the book focuses on the ultimate property of the finished product, it minimizes laborious descriptions of experimental procedures used for the characterization of polymers. Instead, the author highlights how the various stages involved in the production of the finished product influence its properties. Well-organized, clear-cut, and user-friendly, Polymer Science and Technology is an outstanding textbook for teaching junior and senior level undergraduates and first year graduate students in an introductory course covering the challenging subject of polymers.

Table of Contents

PART I: FUNDAMENTALS
Introduction
1(24)
Historical Development
1(2)
Basic Concepts and Definitions
3(3)
Classification of Polymers
6(13)
Natural vs. Synthetic
6(1)
Polymer Structure
6(1)
Linear, Branched, or Cross-Linked Ladder vs. Functionality
6(7)
Amorphous or Crystalline
13(1)
Homopolymer or Copolymer
14(2)
Fibers, Plastics, or Elastomers
16(1)
Polymerization Mechanism
16(1)
Thermal Behaviour
17(1)
Preparative Technique
18(1)
End Use
19(1)
Problems
19(6)
References
23(2)
Polymerization Mechanisms
25(34)
Introduction
25(1)
Chain-Reaction Polymerization
25(7)
Initiation
25(2)
Propagation
27(1)
Termination
28(1)
Chain Transfer
28(1)
Diene Polymerization
29(3)
Ionic and Coordination Polymerizations
32(2)
Cationic Polymerization
32(1)
Anionic Polymerization
32(1)
Coordination Polymerization
33(1)
Step-Growth Polymerization
34(18)
Typical Step-Growth Polymerizations
38(1)
Polyesters
38(2)
Polycarbonates
40(1)
Polyamides
40(2)
Polyimides
42(2)
Polybenzidazoles and Polybenzoxazoles
44(2)
Aromatic Ladder Polymers
46(2)
Formaldehyde Resins
48(3)
Polyethers
51(1)
Polysulfides
51(1)
Polysulfones
51(1)
Ring-Opening Polymerization
52(4)
Poly (Propylene Oxide)
52(2)
Epoxy Resins
54(1)
Polycaprolactam (Nylon 6)
54(2)
Problems
56(3)
References
57(2)
Chemical Bonding and Polymer Structure
59(36)
Introduction
59(1)
Chemical Bonding
59(5)
The Ionic Bond
59(1)
The Covalent Bond
60(1)
Dipole Forces
60(1)
Hydrogen Bond
61(1)
Induction Forces
62(1)
van der Waals (Dispersion) Forces
62(2)
Primary Structure
64(1)
Polarity of Monomers
64(1)
Secondary Structure
65(8)
Configuration
65(1)
Diene Polymerization
66(1)
Tacticity
67(1)
Conformation
67(1)
Molecular Weight
68(5)
Tertiary Structure
73(16)
Secondary Bonding Forces (Cohesive Energy Density)
73(3)
Crystalline and Amorphous Structure of Polymers
76(1)
Crystallization Tendency
76(1)
Structural Regularity
77(1)
Chain Flexibility
77(1)
Polarity
78(3)
Morphology of Crystalline Polymers
81(1)
Crystal Structure of Polymers
81(5)
Morphology of Polymer Single Crystals Grown from Solution
86(1)
Morphology of Polymers Crystallized from the Melt
87(2)
Crystallinity and Polymer Properties
89(1)
Problems
90(5)
References
92(3)
Thermal Transitions in Polymers
95(22)
Introduction
95(1)
The Glass Transition Temperature
96(12)
Molecular Motion and Glass Transition
97(1)
Theories of Glass Transition and Measurement of the Glass Transition Temperature
98(1)
Kinetic Theory
98(1)
Equilibrium Theory
98(1)
Free Volume Theory
99(1)
Factors Affecting Glass Transition Temperature
99(1)
Chain Flexibility
100(1)
Geometric Factors
100(1)
Interchain Attractive Forces
100(3)
Copolymerization
103(2)
Molecular Weight
105(1)
Cross-Linking and Branching
106(1)
Crystallinity
107(1)
Plasticization
107(1)
The Crystalline Melting Point
108(6)
Factors Affecting the Crystalline Melting Point, TM
109(1)
Intermolecular Bonding
109(2)
Effect of Structure
111(1)
Chain Flexibility
111(2)
Copolymerization
113(1)
Problems
114(3)
References
115(2)
Polymer Modification
117(44)
Introduction
117(1)
Copolymerization
117(8)
Styrene-Butadiene Copolymers
117(1)
Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR) (Random Copolymer)
118(1)
Styrene-Butadiene Block Polymers
119(1)
Ethylene Copolymers
119(1)
Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Copolymers (ABS)
120(1)
Condensation Polymers
121(1)
Acetal Copolymer
121(1)
Epoxies
122(1)
Urea-Formaldehyde (UF) Resins
122(3)
Postpolymerization Reactions
125(15)
Reactions of Polysaccharides
125(1)
Cellulose Derivations
125(1)
Starch and Dextrins
126(1)
Cross-Linking
127(1)
Unsaturated Polyesters
127(3)
Vulcanization
130(3)
Block and Graft Copolymer Formation
133(1)
Block Copolymerization
133(2)
Graft Copolymerization
135(2)
Surface Modification
137(3)
Functional Polymers
140(14)
Polyurethanes
141(2)
Polymer-Bound Stabilizers
143(1)
Antioxidants
143(1)
Flame Retardants
143(4)
Ultraviolet Stabilizers
147(4)
Polymers in Drug Administration
151(1)
Controlled Drug Release, Degradable Polymers
152(1)
Site-Directed (Targeted) Drug Delivery
153(1)
Problems
154(7)
References
158(3)
PART II: POLYMER PREPARATION AND PROCESSING METHODS
Condensation (Step-Reaction) Polymerization
161(20)
Introduction
161(1)
Mechanism of Condensation Polymerization
161(1)
Kinetics of Condensation Polymerization
162(2)
Stoichiometry in Linear Systems
164(5)
Molecular Weight Control
169(1)
Molecular Weight Distribution in Linear Condensation Systems
170(1)
Molecular Weight Averages
171(3)
Ring Formation vs. Chain Polymerization
174(1)
Three-Dimensional Network Step-Reaction Polymers
175(1)
Prediction of the Gel Point
175(3)
Morphology of Cross-Linked Polymers
178(1)
Problems
178(3)
References
179(2)
Chain-Reaction (Addition) Polymerization
181(30)
Introduction
181(1)
Vinyl Monomers
181(1)
Mechanism of Chain Polymerization
181(4)
Initiation
181(1)
Generation of Free Radicals
182(1)
Propagation
183(1)
Termination
184(1)
Chain Transfer
184(1)
Steady-State Kinetics of Free-Radical Polymerization
185(4)
Initiation
186(1)
Propagation
186(1)
Termination
186(3)
Autoacceleration (Trommsdorff Effect)
189(1)
Kinetic Chain Length
190(2)
Chain-Transfer Reactions
192(3)
Transfer to Undiluted Monomer
194(1)
Transfer to Solvent
194(1)
Temperature Dependence of Degree of Polymerization
195(1)
Ionic and Coordination Chain Polymerization
196(11)
Nonradical Chain Polymerization
196(1)
Cationic Polymerization
197(1)
Mechanism
197(1)
Kinetics
198(1)
Anionic Polymerization
199(1)
Mechanism
200(1)
Kinetics
201(1)
Living Polymers
202(2)
Coordination Polymerization
204(1)
Mechanisms
204(3)
Problems
207(4)
References
209(2)
Copolymerization
211(16)
Introduction
211(1)
The Copolymer Equation
211(1)
Types of Copolymerization
212(2)
Ideal Copolymerization (r1r2=1)
213(1)
Alternating Copolymerization (r1=r2=0)
213(1)
Block Copolymerization (r1 > 1, r2 > 1)
214(1)
Polymer Composition Variation with Feed Conversion
214(5)
Chemistry of Copolymerization
219(3)
Monomer Reactivity
219(1)
Radical Reactivity
220(1)
Steric Effects
220(1)
Alternation-Polar Effects
221(1)
The Q-e Scheme
222(2)
Problems
224(3)
References
225(2)
Polymer Additives and Reinforcements
227(22)
Introduction
227(1)
Plasticizers
227(2)
Fillers and Reinforcements (Composites)
229(5)
Alloys and Blends
234(3)
Antioxidants and Thermal and UV Stabilizers
237(3)
Polymer Stability
237(1)
Nonchain-Scission Reactions
238(1)
Chain-Scission Reactions
238(1)
Oxidative Degradation
238(1)
Hydrolysis and Chemical Degradation
239(1)
Polymer Stabilizers
239(1)
Flame Retardants
240(3)
Colorants
243(3)
Antistatic Agents (Antistats)
246(1)
Problems
247(2)
References
248(1)
Polymer Reaction Engineering
249(32)
Introduction
249(1)
Polymerization Processes
249(20)
Homogeneous Systems
249(1)
Bulk (Mass) Polymerization
249(3)
Solution Polymerization
252(1)
Heterogeneous Polymerization
253(1)
Suspension Polymerization
253(5)
Emulsion Polymerization
258(10)
Precipitation Polymerization
268(1)
Interfacial and Solution Polycondensations
268(1)
Polymerization Reactors
269(9)
Batch Reactors
271(3)
Tubular (Plug Flow) Reactor
274(2)
Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR)
276(2)
Problems
278(3)
References
280(1)
Unit Operations in Polymer Processing
281(28)
Introduction
281(1)
Extrusion
281(5)
The Extruder
281(5)
Extrusion Processes
286(1)
Injection Molding
286(12)
The Injection Unit
286(4)
The Plasticizing Screw
290(1)
The Heating Cylinder
291(2)
The Clamp Unit
293(1)
Auxiliary Systems
294(1)
The Injection Mold
294(4)
Blow Molding
298(1)
Process Description
298(1)
Extrusion Blow Molding
298(1)
Injection Blow Molding
299(1)
Rotational Molding
299(1)
Process Description
299(1)
Process Variables
299(1)
Thermoforming
300(3)
Process Description
300(1)
Vacuum Forming
300(1)
Mechanical Forming
301(1)
Air Blowing Process
301(2)
Process Variables
303(1)
Compression and Transfer Molding
303(2)
Compression Molding
303(1)
Transfer Molding
304(1)
Casting
305(1)
Process Description
305(1)
Casting Processes
305(1)
Casting of Acrylics
305(1)
Casting of Nylon
306(1)
Problems
306(3)
References
307(2)
PART III: PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
Solution Properties of Polymers
309(34)
Introduction
309(1)
Solubility Parameter (Cohesive Energy Density)
309(3)
Conformations of Polymer Chains on Solution
312(6)
End-to-End Dimensions
312(1)
The Freely Jointed Chain
313(2)
Real Polymer Chains
315(1)
Fixed Bond Angle (Freely Rotating)
315(1)
Fixed Bond Angles (Restricted Rotation)
315(1)
Long-Range Interactions
316(2)
Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions
318(11)
Ideal Solution
318(1)
Liquid Lattice Theory (Flory-Huggins Theory)
319(1)
Entropy of Mixing
319(1)
Heat and Free Energy of Mixing
320(2)
Dilute Polymer Solutions (Flory-Krigbaum Theory)
322(1)
Osmotic Pressure of Polymer Solutions
323(6)
Solution Viscosity
329(10)
Newton's Law of Viscosity
329(2)
Parameters for Characterizing Polymer Solution Viscosity
331(2)
Molecular Size and Intrinsic Viscosity
333(1)
Molecular Weight from Intrinsic Viscosity
334(5)
Problems
339(4)
References
341(2)
Mechanical Properties of Polymers
343(46)
Introduction
343(1)
Mechanical Tests
343(7)
Stress-Strain Experiments
344(1)
Creep Experiments
344(2)
Stress Relaxation Experiments
346(1)
Dynamic Mechanical Experiments
347(1)
Impact Experiments
348(2)
Stress-Strain Behavior of Polymers
350(5)
Elastic Stress-Strain Relations
351(4)
Deformation of Solid Polymers
355(4)
Compression vs. Tensile Tests
359(3)
Effects of Structural and Environmental Factors on Mechanical Properties
362(14)
Effect of Molecular Weight
362(1)
Effect of Cross-Linking
363(1)
Effect of Crystallinity
364(1)
Effect of Copolymerization
364(2)
Effect of Plasticizers
366(1)
Effect of Polarity
367(2)
Steric Factors
369(1)
Effect of Temperature
370(1)
Effect of Strain Rate
371(4)
Effect of Pressure
375(1)
Polymer Fracture Behaviour
376(7)
Brittle Fracture
376(3)
Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM)
379(4)
Problems
383(6)
References
387(2)
Polymer Viscoelasticity
389(24)
Introduction
389(1)
Simple Rheological Responses
389(2)
The Ideal Elastic Response
389(1)
Pure Viscous Flow
390(1)
Rubberlike Elastic
391(1)
Viscoelasticity
391(1)
Mechanical Models for Linear Viscoelastic Response
392(12)
Maxwell Model
392(1)
Creep Experiment
393(1)
Stress Relaxation Experiment
393(2)
Dynamic Experiment
395(1)
The Voight Element
396(1)
Creep Experiment
397(1)
Stress Relaxation Experiment
398(1)
Dynamic Experiment
398(3)
The Four-Parameter Model
401(3)
Material Response Time-The Deborah Number
404(1)
Relaxation and Retardation Spectra
404(3)
Maxwell-Weichert Model (Relaxation)
404(1)
Voight-Kelvin (Creep) Model
405(2)
Superposition Principles
407(3)
Boltzmann Superposition Principle
407(1)
Time-Temperature Superposition Principle
408(2)
Problems
410(3)
References
411(2)
Polymer Properties and Applications
413(52)
Introduction
413(1)
The Structure of the Polymer Industry
413(2)
Polymer Materials Manufacturers
413(1)
Manufacturers of Chemicals, Additives, and Modifiers
414(1)
Compounding/Formulating
414(1)
The Processor
414(1)
The Fabricator
414(1)
The Finisher
414(1)
Raw Materials for the Polymer Industry
415(1)
Polymer Properties and Applications
415(13)
Polyethylene
416(5)
Polypropylene (PP)
421(2)
Polystyrene
423(3)
Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC)
426(2)
Other Vinyl Polymers
428(2)
Poly(Vinyl Acetate) PVAC)
428(1)
Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) (PVAL)
428(2)
Acrylics
430(2)
Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) (PMMA)
430(1)
Polyacrylates
431(1)
Polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-Acrylic Fibers
432(1)
Engineering Polymers
432(15)
Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS)
433(1)
Polyacetal (Polyoxymethylene---POM
434(1)
Polyamides (Nylons)
434(4)
Polycarbonate (PC)
438(1)
Poly(Phenylene Oxide (PPO)
439(1)
Poly(Phenylene Sulfide) (PPS)
440(1)
Polysulfones
440(2)
Polyimides
442(1)
Engineering Polyesters
443(2)
Fluoropolymers
445(1)
Ionomers
446(1)
Elastomers
447(10)
Diene-Based Elastomers
447(2)
Polybutadiene (Butadiene Rubber, BR)
449(1)
Syrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR)
449(1)
Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Rubber (Nitrile Rubber, NBR)
450(1)
Polyisoprene
450(1)
Polychloroprene (Neoprene)
451(1)
Butyl Rubber
451(1)
Ethylene-Propylene Rubbers
451(1)
Polyurethanes
452(1)
Silicone Elastomers
453(1)
Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPE)
454(1)
Styrene Block Copolymers (Styrenics)
454(1)
Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPUs)
454(1)
Polyolefin Blends
455(1)
Thermoplastic Copolyesters (COPE)
455(1)
Thermoplastic Polyamides
456(1)
Thermosets
457(5)
Phenolic Resins
457(2)
Amino Resins
459(1)
Epoxy Resins
460(1)
Network Polyester Resins
461(1)
Problems
462(3)
References
463(2)
Appendix I Polymer Nomenclature 465(2)
Appendix II Answers to Selected Problems 467(2)
Appendix III Conversion Factors 469(2)
Index 471

Rewards Program

Write a Review