Population in History: Essays in Historical Demography, Volume II: Europe and United States

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  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2008-08-15
  • Publisher: Routledge

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This large-scale comparative endeavor, complete in two volumes, reflects increasing concern with the population factor in economic and social change worldwide. Demographers, on their side, have been focusing on history. In response to this, Population in History represents the work of two practitioners that have begun to work together, using their combined approaches in an attempt to assess and account for population growth experienced by the West since the seventeenth century.There is a long record of interest in the history of population. But the interest now displayed is likely to be both more persistent and far more fruitful in its consequences. New studies have been initiated in many countries. And because the studies are more informed and systematic than many of those of earlier periods, they are already provoking the further spread of research. A much more positive part is now also being played by national and international associations of historians and demographers. It is not unlikely that, within the next fifteen or twenty years, the main outlines of population change in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries will be firmly established for much of Europe.Previous research has tended to appear in specialist journals and academic publications. This volume is intended to provide a more easily accessible publication. It has been thought appropriate to include some earlier work, both because of its intrinsic interest and because it provided the background and part of the stimulus to the later research. Of the twenty-seven contributions to this outstanding volume, seven are unabridged reprints of earlier work; the remaining contributions are either entirely new or represent substantial revisions of work published elsewhere.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
Population, Economy and Societyp. 23
The new economic historyp. 23
The regional framework of researchp. 26
The problem of periodizationp. 28
Some problems of measurementp. 30
Defects in source materialp. 32
The ecology of population changep. 35
Marriage and population growthp. 39
Fertility of marriagep. 46
Mortalityp. 52
Mortality: famine and epidemicsp. 53
Population, industry and agriculturep. 57
The labour force and the domestic consumerp. 63
Conclusionp. 67
Towards a History of Populationp. 70
Demographic history as an instrument of history and of demographyp. 70
Nineteenth-century history and the explanation of contemporary demographic phenomenap. 72
The usefulness of the demographic history of an earlier periodp. 76
The Vital Revolution Reconsideredp. 79
Births and Deaths Among Europe's Ruling Families Since 1500p. 87
Marriage and Birthp. 88
Mortality: the perinatal periodp. 90
Infant mortalityp. 92
Children Aged 1-14 Yearsp. 93
Adolescence and early maturityp. 94
Late maturityp. 96
Old Agep. 98
Summaryp. 99
European Marriage Patterns in Perspectivep. 101
The uniqueness of the European patternp. 101
The eighteenth centuryp. 106
The aristocracyp. 113
The Middle Agesp. 116
The Ancient Worldp. 120
Non-statistical evidencep. 122
The age-sex composition of the populationp. 125
Conclusionp. 130
The evidence from data on marital status in the eighteenth centuryp. 135
Great Britain
The Economic History of Modern Britainp. 147
Two Papers on Gregory Kingp. 159
Introductory Notep. 159
Gregory King and the population of England and Wales at the end of the seventeenth centuryp. 167
Gregory King's estimate of the population of England and Wales, 1695p. 183
Note on the number of houses in England and Wales, 1690p. 216
Population and Population Movements in England and Wales, 1700 to 1850p. 221
The Population Problem During the Industrial Revolution: A Note on the Present State of the Controversyp. 247
English Population in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 269
Medical Evidence Related to English Population Changes in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 285
Effectiveness of medical measures during the eighteenth centuryp. 286
Relative influence of the birth rate and death rate on population according to the levels of the two ratesp. 293
The birth ratep. 295
The death ratep. 300
Possible cases of a reduction of mortalityp. 304
Three Essays on the Population and Economy of the Midlandsp. 308
Enclosure and labour supply in the Industrial Revolutionp. 308
The course of population changep. 327
Population changes in a provincial town: Nottingham 1700-1800p. 334
A Demographic Study of the British Ducal Familiesp. 354
Introductionp. 354
System of classification of informationp. 355
Mortalityp. 356
Nuptialityp. 364
Fertilityp. 366
Further topicsp. 374
Summaryp. 377
The Changing Adequacy of English Registration, 1690-1837p. 379
A Survey of Population in an Area of Worcestershire from 1660 to 1850 on the Basis of Parish Registersp. 394
Choice of Parishesp. 395
The registersp. 395
The defects of the registers and the methods of allowing for themp. 396
The use of rates and the attempt to calculate base populationsp. 398
The population of twelve parishesp. 400
Population growth by stagesp. 402
The mortality of 1725-30p. 408
Some other demographic information derived from the registersp. 410
Conclusionp. 414
Dr Brownlee's methodp. 415
Europe and the United States
Land and Population in Ireland 1780-1845p. 423
The Population of France in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 434
Problemsp. 435
Sources availablep. 436
Evaluationsp. 438
Evolution of the population during the eighteenth centuryp. 440
Age distributionp. 445
Mortalityp. 445
Fertility and birth-controlp. 448
Marriage and celibacyp. 452
Age at first marriagep. 454
Resume and conclusionp. 455
Recent Theories and Research in French Population Between 1500 and 1700p. 457
The sourcesp. 458
The sixteenth centuryp. 462
The seventeenth centuryp. 466
The General Development of the Population of France Since the Eighteenth Centuryp. 474
The choice of indices of measurementp. 475
Demographic statistics from 1806 to 1850p. 476
Reconstruction of the age-composition of the populationp. 476
Corrections for losses due to the warp. 478
Demographic statistics before 1800p. 479
Fertility and mortality before 1771p. 482
Nuptiality around 1770p. 483
Mortality since 1771p. 484
Fertility since 1770p. 489
Some general pointsp. 490
Demographic Crisis in France from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Centuryp. 507
Epidemicsp. 508
Epidemics and dearthp. 510
Mortality in times of crisisp. 513
The fall in birthsp. 520
Two Essays on Population in Eighteenth-Century Scandinaviap. 523
A survey of some recent work and current problemsp. 523
An outline of some population changes in Sweden ca. 1660-1750, and a discussion of some current issuesp. 536
Finland's Population Movement in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 549
Four Centuries of Italian Demographic Developmentp. 570
The Population of Barmen Before and During the Period of Industrializationp. 588
The Demographic Development of Flanders in the Eighteenth Centuryp. 608
Literature and sourcesp. 609
General development of the populationp. 611
Crude rates for births and marriagesp. 613
Age at marriage and average age of women at last confinementp. 614
The spacing of birthsp. 617
Rates of legitimate fertility by age groupsp. 618
The relationship between births and marriagesp. 619
Infantile mortality and mortality among children between two and fourteen years of agep. 623
Adult mortalityp. 624
General conclusionsp. 626
The Growth of Population in America, 1700-1860p. 631
The colonial periodp. 636
Survey by regionsp. 646
New Englandp. 647
Mid-Atlanticp. 652
The Southp. 660
Conclusionsp. 662
The national periodp. 666
Conclusionp. 679
Notes on Contributorsp. 689
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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