Portable Literature Reading, Reacting, Writing, 2009 MLA Update Edition

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-01-01
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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2009 MLA UPDATE EDITION PORTABLE LITERATURE: READING, REACTING, WRITING, Seventh Edition, includes a wide selection of essential classic and contemporary readings, along with brief introductions to the literary genres, useful study questions and prompts, and a down-to-earth, accessible guide to writing about literature. This streamlined edition is an affordable, portable alternative to the full-length and compact versions of this popular introduction to literature book. This edition has been updated to reflect guidelines from the 2009 MLA HANDBOOK FOR WRITERS OF RESEARCH PAPERS, Seventh Edition.

Table of Contents

A Guide to Writing About Literature
Reading and Writing about Literature
Reading Literature
Checklist: Using Highlighting Symbols
Maya Angelou, My Arkansas
Writing about Literature
Planning an Essay
Drafting an Essay
Revising and Editing an Essay
Checklist: Using Sources
Checklist: Conventions of Writing about Literature
Three Model Student Papers
Student Paper: "The Secret Lion": Everything Changes
Student Paper: Digging for Memories
Student Paper: Desperate Measures: Acts of Defiance in Trifles
Writing Literary Arguments
Planning a Literary Argument
Choosing a Debatable Topic
Developing an Argumentative Thesis
Defining Your Terms
Considering Your Audience
Refuting Opposing Arguments
Using Evidence Effectively
Supporting Your Literary Argument
Establishing Credibility
Being Fair
Using Visuals as Evidence
Organizing a Literary Argument
Writing a Literary Argument
Student Paper: The Politics of "Everyday Use"
Documenting Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
Document All Material That Requires Documentation
Enclose Borrowed Words in Quotation Marks
Do Not Imitate a Source's Syntax and Phrasing
Differentiate Your Words from Those of Your Source
Checklist: Plagiarism and Internet Sources
Documenting Sources
Parenthetical References in the Text
Checklist: Guidelines for Punctuating Parenthetical References
The Works-Cited List
Content Notes
Understanding Fiction
Origins of Modern Fiction
The History of the Novel
The History of the Short Story
Defining the Short Story
Hills Like White Elephants
Recognizing Kinds of Fiction
Fiction Sampler: The Short-Short
The Plot
Love and Other Catastrophes: A Mix Tape
Buffalo Soldiers
55 Miles to the Gas Pump
Stages of Plot
Order and Sequence
Checklist: Writing about Plot
Graphic Fiction: Ben Katchor, Goner Pillow Company
The Story of an Hour
A Rose for Emily
Writing Suggestions: Plot
Round and Flat Characters
Dynamic and Static Characters
Checklist: Writing about Character
Graphic Fiction: Art Spiegelman, Eye Ball
Miss Brill
Writing Suggestions: Character
Historical Setting
Geographical Setting
Physical Setting
Checklist: Writing about Setting
Graphic Fiction: Marjane Satrapi, from Persepolis
The Storm
This Is What It Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona
I Stand Here Ironing
Writing Suggestions: Setting
Point of View
First-Person Narrators
Unreliable Narrators
Third-Person Narrators
Omniscient Narrators
Limited Omniscient Narrators
Objective Narrators
Selecting an Appropriate Point of View
Checklist: Selecting an Appropriate Point of View: Review
Checklist: Writing about Point of View
Graphic Fiction: Shaun Tan, from The Arrival
Big Black Good Man
The Cask of Amontillado
Barn Burning
Writing Suggestions: Point of View
Style, Tone, and Language
Style and Tone
The Uses of Language
Formal and Informal Diction
Figures of Speech
Checklist: Writing about Style, Tone, and Language
Graphic Fiction: R. Crumb, A Hunger Artist
A Good Man Is Hard to Find
The Things They Carried
Writing Suggestions: Style, Tone, and Language
Symbol, Allegory, and Myth
Literary Symbols
Recognizing Symbols
Checklist: Writing about Symbol, Allegory, and Myth
Graphic Fiction: Alison Bechdel, from Fun Home
The Lottery
Everyday Use
Young Goodman Brown
Writing Suggestions: Symbol, Allegory, and Myth
Interpreting Themes
Identifying Themes
Checklist: Writing about Theme
Graphic Fiction: Lynda Barry, Two Questions
A Worn Path
Doe Season
The Rocking-Horse Winner
Writing Suggestions: Theme
Fiction for Further Reading
Happy Endings
Greasy Lake
Sister Godzilla
A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings
The Yellow Wallpaper
Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?
Everything That Rises Must Converge
The Tell-Tale Heart
The Secret Lion
Two Kinds
Understanding Poetry
Origins of Modern Poetry
Defining Poetry
That time of year thou mayst in me behold
E. E. Cummings, l(a
Recognizing Kinds of Poetry
Narrative Poetry
Lyric Poetry
Poetry Sampler: Poetry and Art
Sonnet in Primary Colors
C?zanne's Ports
Monet's "Waterlilies"
Girl Powdering Her Neck
The Tall Figures of Giacometti
The Dance
The Fun Gallery
I'm nobody! Who are you?
The Speaker in the Poem
Gretel in Darkness
My Grandmother Would Rock Quietly and Hum
My Last Duchess
Further Reading: The Speaker in the Poem
Where Mountain Lion Lay Down with Deer
Suicide Note
The Tone of the Poem
Fire and Ice
The Man He Killed
Further Reading: The Tone of the Poem
Try to Praise the Mutilated World
The World Is Too Much with Us
To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
Porphyria's Lover
Further Reading: Irony
The Unknown Citizen
Ballad of Birmingham
Checklist: Writing about Voice
Writing Suggestions: Voice
Word Choice, Word Order
Words, Words, Words
Word Choice
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer
For the Grave of Daniel Boone
Further Reading: Word Choice
Living in Sin
E. E. Cummings, in Just-
Levels of Diction
The City Planners
Baca Grande
Further Reading: Levels of Diction
Sears Life
The Value of Education
We Real Cool
What shall I give my children?
Word Order
One day I wrote her name upon the strand
anyone lived in a pretty how town
Further Reading: Word Order
To an Athlete Dying Young
Checklist: Writing about Word Choice and Word Order
Writing Suggestions: Word Choice, Word Order
Cloud Painter
Red Wheelbarrow
In a Station of the Metro
Some Good Things to Be Said for the Iron Age
The Meal
The Great Figure
Further Reading: Imagery
Nothing Gold Can Stay
My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun
Checklist: Writing about Imagery
Writing Suggestions: Imagery
Figures of Speech
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Simile, Metaphor, and Personification
Constantly Risking Absurdity
Rooming houses are old women
Further Reading: Simile, Metaphor, and Personification
Oh, my love is like a red, red rose
The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner
The Secretary Chant
A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning
Hyperbole and Understatement
Holes Commence Falling
Further Reading: Hyperbole and Understatement
To My Dear and Loving Husband
To His Coy Mistress
"Out, Out--"
you fit into me
Metonymy and Synecdoche
To Lucasta Going to the Wars
On Passing thru Morgantown, Pa
Further Reading: Apostrophe
Ode to a Nightingale
A Supermarket in California
Checklist: Writing about Figures of Speech
Writing Suggestions: Figures of Speech
Had I the Choice
Sadie and Maud
I like to see it lap the Miles--
Further Reading: Rhythm and Meter
Aunt Jennifer's Tigers
Alliteration and Assonance
The Eagle
Delight in Disorder
The Lama
In Trackless Woods
Further Reading: Alliteration, Assonance, and Rhyme
Pied Beauty
As I Walked Out One Evening
Blackberry Eating
Lighthouse Keeping
Checklist: Writing about Sound
Writing Suggestions: Sound
On the Sonnet
Closed Form
Blank Verse
The Sonnet
When, in disgrace with Fortune and men's eyes
Further Reading: The Sonnet
On First Looking into Chapman's Homer
Explaining an Affinity for Bats
First Fight
Then Fiddle
The Sestina
Further Reading: The Sestina
The Villanelle
The Waking
The Epigram
Further Reading: The Epigram
What Is an Epigram?
Her Whole Life Is an Epigram
Why I Went to College
Further Reading: Haiku
Four Haiku
After Basho
American Haiku
Open Form
the sky was can dy
Further Reading: Open Form
from "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking"
Spring and All
The Colonel
Checklist: Writing about Form
Writing Suggestions: Form
Symbol, Allegory, Allusion, Myth
The Sick Rose
For Once, Then, Something
Volcanoes be in Sicily
Further Reading: Symbol
The Raven
Further Reading: Allegory
Diving into the Wreck
Future Plans
Dreams of Suicide
Further Reading: Allusion
Post-Colonial Studies
Yet Do I Marvel
Further Reading: Myth
Leda and the Swan
Mus?e des Beaux Arts
Journey of the Magi
Checklist: Writing about Symbol, Allegory, Allusion, Myth
Writing Suggestions: Symbol, Allegory, Allusion, Myth
Discovering Themes in Poetry
The Argument of His Book
Poems about Parents
My Papa's Waltz
Those Winter Sundays
Working Late
The courage that my mother had
Photograph of my Father in His Twenty-Second Year
The Night Before Good-bye
Do not go gentle into that good night
Poems about Nature
I wandered lonely as a cloud
Sleeping in the Forest
The Windhover
Traveling through the Dark
Morning Song
Poems about Love
Meeting at Night
Parting at Morning
How Do I Love Thee?
What Lips My Lips Have Kissed
General Review of the Sex Situation
Monologue for Selah Bringing Sleep to Whylah Falls
Poems about War
The Soldier
Dulce et Decorum Est
For the Union Dead
What Were They Like?
Facing It
The Horses
The End and the Beginning
Poetry for Further Reading
Defending Walt Whitman
Papi Working
Bonny Barbara Allan
Go Down Moses
Western Wind
Dover Beach
The Fish
One Art
The Lamb
To see a World in a Grain of Sand
The Tyger
The Author to Her Book
Medgar Evers
Lord Byron, She Walks in Beauty
There is a garden in her face
Kubla Khan
Introduction to Poetry
Buffalo Bill's
next to of course god america I
Because I could not stop for Death--
"Faith" is a fine invention
I heard a Fly buzz--when I died--
Batter My Heart, Three-Personed God
Death Be Not Proud
The Flea
We Wear the Mask
The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
Indian Boarding School: The Runaways
Mending Wall
The Road Not Taken
Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
The Man with Night Sweats
The Convergence of the Twain
Mid-Term Break
God's Grandeur
Theme for English B. Langston Hughes, The Negro Speaks of Rivers
Where I Sit Writing My Letter
La Belle Dame sans Merci: A Ballad
Ode on a Grecian Urn
When I Have Fears
Selecting a Reader
The Explosion
Learning Geography, 1943
And in 2005
Ars Poetica
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
If We Must Die
Page from the Koran
Interpretation of a Poem by Frost
The United Fruit Co
The One Girl at the Boys' Party
Barbie Doll
The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd
Naming of Parts
Richard Cory
right on: white america
Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Not marble, nor the gilded monuments
Ode to the West Wind
Old Soldier
Anecdote of the Jar
The Emperor of Ice-Cream
The English Canon
Fern Hill
Earth Tremors Felt in Missouri
On Being Brought from Africa to America
A Noiseless Patient Spider
from "Song of Myself"
London, 1802
My heart leaps up when I behold
Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop
The Lake Isle of Innisfree
Sailing to Byzantium
The Second Coming
Understanding Drama
Origins of Modern Drama
The Ancient Greek Theater
The Elizabethan Theater
The Modern Theater
A Note on Translations
Reading Drama
Anton Chekhov, The Brute
Drama Sampler: Ten-Minute Plays
Plot Structure
Plot and Subplot
Plot Development
Checklist: Writing about Plot
Nine Ten
A Doll House
Writing Suggestions: Plot
Characters' Words
Formal and Informal Language
Plain and Elaborate Language
Characters' Actions
Stage Directions
Actors' Interpretations
Checklist: Writing about Character
The Stronger
Death of a Salesman
Writing Suggestions: Character
Stage Directions
The Uses of Staging
Props and Furnishings
Scenery and Lighting
Music and Sound Effects
A Final Note
Checklist: Writing about Staging
Words, Words, Words
Sophocles, Oedipus the King
Writing Suggestions: Staging
A Final Note
Checklist: Writing about Theme
The Glass Menagerie
Writing Suggestions: Theme
Index of First Lines of Poetry
Index of Authors and Titles
Index of Literary Terms
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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