A Poverty of Rights

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-12-18
  • Publisher: Stanford Univ Pr
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A Poverty of Rightsis an investigation of the knotty ties between citizenship and inequality during the years when the legal and institutional bases for modern Brazilian citizenship originated. Between 1930 and 1964, Brazilian law dramatically extended its range and power, and citizenship began to signify real political, economic, and civil rights for common people. And yet, even in Rio de Janeiro--Brazil's national capital until 1960--this process did not include everyone. Rio's poorest residents sought with hope, imagination, and will to claim myriad forms of citizenship as their own. Yet, blocked by bureaucratic obstacles or ignored by unrealistic laws, they found that their poverty remained one of rights as well as resources. At the end of a period most notable for citizenship's expansion, Rio's poor still found themselves akin to illegal immigrants in their own land, negotiating important components of their lives outside of the boundaries and protections of laws and rights, their vulnerability increasingly critical to important networks of profit and political power. In exploring this process, Brodwyn Fischer offers a critical re-interpretation not only of Brazil's Vargas regime, but also of Rio's twentieth-century urban history and of the broader significance of law, rights, and informality in the lives of the very poor.

Author Biography

Brodwyn Fischer is Associate Professor of History at Northwestern University.

Table of Contents

Political Parties Represented in Rio de Janeiro's City Council, 1947-64p. xvii
A Note on Historical Contextp. xix
Introductionp. 1
Rights to the Marvelous City
Preface to Part I: "A favela vai abaixo,"p. 15
The City of Hills and Swampsp. 19
Rio and Brazil's Postwar Republicp. 50
Postscript to Part I: The Morro of Santo Antôniop. 83
Work, Law, and Justiça Social in Vargas's Rio
Preface to Part II: On the Borders of Social Classp. 89
Vargas and the Voz do Povop. 91
Word into Law: Work and Family in Vargas-Era Legislationp. 116
Postscript to Part II: Work, Welfare, and Citizenship, 1945-64p. 143
Rights Poverty in the Criminal Courts
Preface to Part III: Judicial Honor in the Morrop. 151
The Poor in Classical Criminal Lawp. 153
Positivist Criminology and Paper Povertyp. 186
Owning the Illegal City
Preface to Part IV: Urban Groundp. 213
Informality in Law and Customp. 219
The Land Wars of Rio de Janeirop. 253
Postscript to Part IV: "É uma cidade, no duro,"p. 301
Epilogue: Poverty and Citizenshipp. 305
Statistical Appendixesp. 319
Cross-Tabulations for Chapters 5 and 6p. 322
Regressions on Pre-1945 Sample for Chapter 5p. 326
Regressions on Post-1945 Sample for Chapter 6p. 328
Notesp. 331
Bibliographyp. 415
Indexp. 447
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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