Power and Choice : An Introduction to Political Science

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  • Edition: 11th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-12-05
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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This general, comparative introduction to the major concepts and themes of political science engages students with concrete analytical examples without overwhelming them with excessive detail. In this extensively revised eleventh edition, W. Phillips Shively surpasses the high standards he set in prior editions, bringing political science conceptually alive as never before.

Author Biography

W. PHILLIPS SHIVELY is Professor of Political Science at the University of Minnesota, where he moved in 1971 after teaching at the University of Oregon and Yale University. He has also served as Visiting Professor at the University of Oslo in Norway. His research, which has appeared in numerous articles, deals with the comparative study of elections, and he has written The Craft of Political Research, an introduction to research techniques. He has also had practical political experience as a lobbyist in Minnesota. His true love is bird-watching.

Table of Contents

Examples and Boxed Featuresp. xiii
Prefacep. xiv
The Idea of Politicsp. 1
Politics: Setting the Stagep. 1
Politicsp. 2
Politics as the Making of Common Decisionsp. 3
Politics as the Exercise of Powerp. 4
Power and Choicep. 10
Politics of the Statep. 13
Political Sciencep. 14
The Pleasures of Politicsp. 17
Modern Ideologies and Political Philosophyp. 20
American Ideologiesp. 22
Liberalismp. 25
The Conservative Reactionp. 27
The Socialist Alternativep. 31
Communism and Socialismp. 34
Fascismp. 35
Ideologies in the Twenty-First Centuryp. 36
Religion, Politics, and Political Philosophyp. 38
Political Philosophy in Other Historical Erasp. 40
The State and Public Policyp. 47
The Modern Statep. 47
The Development of the Modern Statep. 49
The Origin of States: Power, or Choice?p. 51
The State as a Device to Provide Public Goodsp. 53
"State," "Nation," and the "Nation-State"p. 55
State-Buildingp. 61
Government and the Statep. 62
Challenges to the Statep. 64
Some Possible Alternativesp. 67
Example: State-Building in Nigeriap. 68
Example: State-Building in the European Unionp. 70
Policies of the Statep. 75
The Role of Government in the Third Worldp. 78
Constraints and Conditions for Policyp. 80
Defense Policyp. 82
Educationp. 83
Research and Developmentp. 84
Health and Social Welfarep. 88
The Place of Power in Policy Analysisp. 90
Example: The Demographic Challengep. 90
Example: Economic Development Compared with "Human Development"p. 91
Example: Uganda, An African AIDS Success Storyp. 93
Economic Policy of the Statep. 96
Economic Performance I: Growthp. 97
Economic Performance II: Controlling Inflation and Unemploymentp. 105
Unemploymentp. 106
Managing Distribution to Address Inequalityp. 108
Independent Central Banksp. 111
Corruptionp. 114
Other Measures Available to Governmentp. 118
Globalization: Are States Losing Their Ability to Make Economic Policy?p. 118
Political Economyp. 120
Example: Economic Policy in Germanyp. 122
Example: Economic Policy in Indonesiap. 126
What Lies Behind Policy: Questions of Justice and Effectivenessp. 131
The Problem of Justicep. 132
Other Aspects of Justice: Procedural Justicep. 134
Effectivenessp. 138
A Basic Question of Effectiveness: Authority versus the Marketp. 140
Power and Choicep. 145
The Need to Act, Even under Uncertaintyp. 145
Example: Political Choicep. 146
The Citizen and the Regimep. 149
Democracy and Autocracyp. 149
Democracyp. 149
The Coming and Going of Democracyp. 151
Possible Explanationsp. 152
What Did We Learn from the Third Wave?p. 154
Why Are Prosperous Countries Likely to Be Democracies?p. 157
Democracy and Freedomp. 159
Democracy and Capitalismp. 160
Autocracyp. 161
Military Governmentp. 163
Why Aren't There More Military Governments?p. 166
One-Party Statesp. 168
Monarchies and Theocraciesp. 169
Democracy versus Autocracy: Material Considerationsp. 170
"Power and Choice" Againp. 172
Example: Democratization in Spainp. 172
Example: Fragile Democracy in Perup. 174
Example: Theocracy in Iranp. 177
How Individuals Relate to the State, and the State to the Individualp. 181
Legitimacy and Authorityp. 183
Sources of Legitimacyp. 184
The "Democratic Citizen"p. 186
How Well Are These Requirements Met?p. 188
Social Capitalp. 192
Political Culturep. 193
An Application of Political Culture: Robert Kagan's Of Paradise and Powerp. 194
Religion and Political Culturep. 195
Political Socializationp. 198
Example: Building Authority and Legitimacy in West Germany after World War IIp. 201
Example: Declining Democratic Legitimacy in the United Statesp. 203
The Apparatus of Governancep. 209
Constitutions and the Design of Governmentp. 209
Variations in Formalityp. 210
The Virtue of Vaguenessp. 211
Other Principles of Constitutional Designp. 212
Constitution-Writingp. 215
The Geographic Concentration of Powerp. 217
"Federal" and "Unitary" Statesp. 218
The Distinction between "Unitary" and "Centralized" Statesp. 220
How Much Centralization Is Good?p. 221
Constitutions and Guarantees of Rightsp. 222
"Constitutionalism" and the Rule of Lawp. 223
Example: Constitutional Government in Great Britainp. 224
Example: Constitutional Government in Russiap. 227
Electionsp. 230
Elections as a Means of Building Supportp. 230
Elections as a Means of Selecting Leaders and Policiesp. 235
Electoral Systemsp. 235
Referendumsp. 240
Electoral Participationp. 241
Effects of Choice and Information on Turnoutp. 244
The Paradox of Votingp. 245
The Bases of Individuals' Electoral Choicesp. 246
Example: Proportional Representation Elections in Israelp. 250
Example: Elections in Nigeriap. 251
Parties: A Linking and Leading Mechanism in Politicsp. 255
The Political Partyp. 255
Origins of the Modern Partyp. 256
Political Parties and the Mobilization of the Massesp. 258
Political Parties and the Recruitment and Socialization of Leadersp. 259
Political Parties as a Source of Political Identityp. 260
Political Parties as a Channel of Controlp. 263
Party Organizationp. 263
Party Financep. 265
Political Party Systemsp. 266
Power and Choicep. 271
Example: The Communist Party of Chinap. 272
Example: Canada's Political Partiesp. 273
Structured Conflict: Interest Groups and Politicsp. 278
Interest Groups and Representationp. 280
Types of Interest Groupsp. 286
Tactics of Interest Groupsp. 288
Patterns of Organized Interest-Group Activityp. 292
Pluralismp. 293
Neocorporatismp. 294
Pluralism and Neocorporatism: Power and Choicep. 296
Example: Interest Groups in Francep. 297
Example: Interest Groups in Japan: Attenuated Neocorporatismp. 298
Social Movements and Contentious Politicsp. 303
Why Now?p. 305
Social Movements as a Public Goods Problemp. 307
Advantages (and Disadvantages) of Informal Organizationp. 307
Example: The Rubber Tappers of Acrep. 311
Example: The "Orange Revolution" in Ukrainep. 315
National Decision-Making Institutions: Parliamentary Governmentp. 318
Head of Statep. 320
The Cabinetp. 321
Cabinet Controlp. 322
What Does a Parliament Do?p. 322
Parliamentary Committeesp. 326
Advantages and Disadvantages of Parliamentary Governmentp. 327
Let's Make Sure I Haven't Made This Sound Too Simplep. 329
"Consensus" Parliamentarismp. 329
Parliaments in Autocratic Systemsp. 331
Example: Parliamentary Government in Indiap. 333
Example: Parliamentary Government in Germanyp. 336
National Decision-Making Institutions: Presidential Governmentp. 341
Presidential and Parliamentary Systems Comparedp. 344
Responsibility for Policyp. 345
Presidential Systems and Comprehensive Policyp. 346
Recruitment of Executive Leadersp. 346
Review and Control of the Executivep. 347
Flexibility of the Political Processp. 349
The Split Executive of Parliamentary Systemsp. 349
Why Aren't All Democracies Parliamentary Systems?p. 351
Constitutional Review and the Fragmentation of Powerp. 353
A Note on Constitutions and Powerp. 356
Example: Presidential Hybrid in Francep. 357
Example: Presidential Government in Mexicop. 359
Bureaucracy and the Public Sectorp. 363
Public Administration as a Political Problemp. 364
Characteristics of Good Public Administrationp. 366
"Bureaucracy": A Reform of the Nineteenth Centuryp. 367
Bureaucracy versus Flexibilityp. 368
The Problem of Protected Incompetencep. 369
Adjustments to Bureaucracyp. 370
Social Representativeness of Public Administrationp. 371
Example: The French Bureaucracyp. 374
Example: Bureaucratic Cultures in Europe and Africap. 375
Law and the Courtsp. 379
Anglo-Saxon Case Lawp. 380
Continental European Code Lawp. 381
The Blending of Case Law and Code Lawp. 383
Religious Law: The Shariap. 384
Courtsp. 386
Example: The Law in Chinap. 388
Example: The European Court of Justicep. 391
International Politicsp. 395
Global Politics: Politics among States (and Others)p. 395
The Evolution of the International System since World War IIp. 395
The World since the Cold Warp. 398
International Politicsp. 403
The Absence of Central Authorityp. 404
Fiduciary Political Roles and International Moralityp. 406
Impediments to International Communicationp. 407
Power and International Politicsp. 408
The Process of International Politicsp. 411
Power and Choice in International Politicsp. 417
Example: An International Failure: Rwandap. 418
Example: The United Nationsp. 421
A Personal Notep. 423
Principles of Political Analysisp. 427
Falsifiabilityp. 427
What Makes a Statement Interesting?p. 428
Causation and Explanationp. 429
Historical Explanationp. 431
A Few Common Pitfalls in Analysisp. 432
Glossaryp. G-1
Indexp. I
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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