Power and Society (with InfoTrac)

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-04-20
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Table of Contents

1. Power, Society, and Social Science
The Nature of Power
Power and the Social Sciences
Masters of Social Thought: Bertrand Russell: Power Is to the Social Sciences What Energy Is to Physics
Social Sciences and Social Problems
On the Web: Exploring Power and Society
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
2. Social Sciences and the Scientific Method
Science and the Scientific Method
Focus: The Vocabulary of Social Science
Controversies in Social Science: Can Social Science Be Scientific? What Is a "Fact"? The Classic Scientific Research Design
Case Study: An Experiment in Crime Fighting
Gathering Data: Survey Research
Focus: Changing College Student Opinions
On the Web: Exploring the Social Sciences
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
3. Power and Culture
The Origins of Power
Culture: Ways of Life
The Components of Culture
Masters of Social Thought: Ruth Benedict and Patterns of Culture
Power, Authority, and Legitimacy
The Functions of Culture
Controversies in Social Science: Cultural Relativity and Female Circumcision
Authority in the Family
Focus: Social Science Looks at Sex in America
Cross-National Perspective: Women in the Workforce
Power and Gender
Focus: How Men and Women View Their Relations Today
Power and Political Systems
Focus: Power and the Aztec Empire
Power and Society: Some Anthropological Observations
On the Web: Exploring Anthropology
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
4. Power and Social Class
Power Pyramids and Pecking Orders
Stratification in American Society
Why Do We Have Social Classes? Inequality in America
Cross-National Perspective: Beliefs About Equality and Opportunity
Social Mobility: The Ups and Downs
Class as a Determinant of Lifestyle
Controversies in Social Science: The Bell Curve
Cross-National Perspective: Global Inequalities
Social Classes: Conflict and Conciliation
Masters of Social Thought: Karl Marx and the Class Struggle
Social Class and Political Power
Masters of Social Thought: C
Wright Mills and the Power Elite
On the Web: Exploring Sociology
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
5. Power and Personality
Personality and Individual Responses to Power
Nature versus Nature
Focus: DNA: Blueprint to Life
Nurture and Human Development
Approaches to Psychology and Personality
Focus: Inside the Brain
Focus: Evolutionary Psychology: The Mating Game
The Authoritarian Personality
Masters of Social Thought: Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory
Case Study: Authority and Obedience: The "Shocking" Experiments
Behaviorism and Learning Theory
Masters of Social Thought: B
Skinner and the Control of Human Behavior
Social Psychology: The Self in Relation to Others
Cross-National Perspective: The Self in Individualist and Collectivist Cultures
Humanistic Psychology: The Innate Human Potential
Cross-National Perspective: Suicide
Treating Mental Illness
Case Study: Diagnosing Mental Illness
The Sociology of Psychological Disorders
Powerlessness and Mental Health
On the Web: Exploring Psychology
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
6. Power and the Economic Order
Power and Economic Organization
The Market System, Hard-Boiled and Impersonal
Supply, Demand, and the Market Price
Measuring America's Wealth
Masters of Social Thought: Adam Smith and Laissez Faire Economics
Cross-National Perspective: GNP and Standards of Living
Government in a Free Market Economy
Case Study: Achieving Economic Stability
Masters of Social Thought: John M
Keynes and the Mixed Economy
Supply-Side Economics
Government Money: Where It Comes from and Where It Goes
Case Study: The Recent Performance of the American Economy
Government Debt, Deficits, and Surpluses
The Concentration of Economic Power
Controversies in Social Science: What Should We Do with Budget Surpluses
Focus: The Concentration of Corporate Power
The Globalization of Economic Power
Cross-National Perspective: The Multinationals' Global Economic Power
On the Web: Exploring Economics
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
7. Power and Government
Politics, Political Science, and Governmental Power
The Meaning of Democracy
Power in the American Constitution
Masters of Social Thought: John Locke and Constitutionalism
Cross-National Perspective: The Role of Government
Controversies in Social Science: Direct versus Representative Democracy
Federalism and the Growth of Power in Washington
Presidential Power
Focus: Rating the Presidents
Focus: Explaining Presidential Approval Ratings
Electing the President
Case Study: Watergate and the Limits of Presidential Power
Focus: Bush v
Gore in the U
Supreme Court
The Power of Congress
The Power of the Courts
Political Behavior in the United States
Focus: Media Power: The Presidential Debates
Democrats and Republicans: What's the Difference? On the Web: Exploring Government and Politics
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
8. Power and History
History and Social Science
History and the American Experience
Controversies in Social Science: Charles Beard and the Economic Interests of the Founders
Power and Change over Time
The Rise of Western Elites
The Civil War and Elite Division
Power and the Industrial Revolution
Focus: Reconstruction and African-American History
The New Deal and the Emergence of the "Liberal Establishment
Case Study: Vietnam: A Political History
On the Web: Exploring History
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
9. Power and Ideology
The Power of Ideas
Classical Liberalism: The Least Government Is the Best Government
Modern Liberalism: Governmental Power to "Do Good
Modern Conservatism: Individualism and Traditional Values
Focus: How to Tell If You're Liberal or Conservative
Fascism: The Supremacy of Race and Nation
Marxism: "Workers of the World, Unite
Socialism: Government Ownership, Central Planning
Case Study: The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia
Why Communism Collapsed
Cross-National Perspective: Capitalism and Socialism in the World
On the Web: Exploring Ideologies
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
10. Power, Race, and Gender
Racism in American History
The Civil Rights Movement
Continuing Inequalities
Masters of Social Thought: Martin Luther King, Jr
and the Power of Protest
Hispanic Power
Controversies in Social Science: Affirmative Action and the Constitution
Immigration to America
Native Americans: An Historical Overview
Power and Gender
Gender Inequality: Culture or Biology? Cross-National Perspective: The Earnings Gap
The Long History of Women's Protests
Focus: A Declaration of Women's Rights, 1848. Sexual Harassment and the Law
Abortion and the Law
On the Web: Exploring Poverty and Powerlessness
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
11. Poverty and Powerlessness
Poverty in the United States
Is There a Culture of Poverty? Focus: Who Are the Poor? Government and Social Welfare
Cross-National Perspective: Income of the Poor in Advanced Democracies
Case Study: Senior Power
Controversies in Social Science: Is Welfare Reform Working? Homelessness in America
On the Web: Exploring Poverty and Powerlessness
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
12. Power, Crime, and Violence
Power and Individual Freedom
The Problem of Crime
Focus: It's a Real Crime! The Constitutional Rights of Defendants
Cross-National Perspective: Murder and Homicide
Crime and Drugs
Focus: Getting High
An Economic Perspective on Crime
Controversies in the Social Sciences: Does Prison Building Reduce Crime? Controversies in Social Sciences: Should Drugs Be Legalized? A Psychological Perspective on Crime: The Antisocial Personality
Case Study: The Insanity Defense
Social and Cultural Perspectives on Crime
Violence in American History
On the Web: Exploring Crime and Violence
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
13. Power and Community
The Global Community
The Sociology of Urban Life
Cross-National Perspective: Worldwide Urbanization
Focus: Urban Stress
Where Do Americans Live? Governing Urban Communities
The City in History
Controversies in Social Science: Who Really Runs This Town? The Problems of the Inner City
On the Web: Exploring Communities
About This Chapter
Discussion Questions
14. Power among Nations
International Politics
Cross-National Perspective: Patriotism
Bringing Order to International Relations
A Brief History of the Cold War
The Control of Nuclear Arms
Regional Balances of Power
Case Study: American Military Power: "Desert Storm
Controversies in Social Science: When Should the United States Use Military Force? About This Chapter
Discussion Questions

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