Power and Society An Introduction to the Social Sciences (with InfoTrac)

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  • Edition: 10th
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  • Copyright: 2004-07-15
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Part 1: THE NATURE AND STUDY OF POWER. 1. Power, Society, and Social Science. 2. Social Sciences and the Scientific Method. 3. Power and Ideology Part 2: POWER AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCES. 4. Power and Culture. 5. Power and Social Class. 6. Power and Personality. 7. Power and the Economic Order. 8. Power and Government. 9. Power and History. Part 3: THE USES OF POWER. 10. Power, Race, and Gender. 11. Poverty and Powerlessness. 12. Power, Violence, and Crime. 13. Power and Global Community. 14. Power among Nations.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
The Nature and Study of Powerp. 3
Power, Society, and Social Sciencep. 4
The Nature of Powerp. 4
Power and the Social Sciencesp. 8
Masters of Social Thought: Bertrand Russell: Power Is to the Social Sciencesp. 9
Social Sciences and Social Problemsp. 14
About This Chapterp. 16
For Discussionp. 16
On the Web: Exploring Power and Societyp. 16
Social Sciences and the Scientific Methodp. 18
Science and the Scientific Methodp. 18
Focus: The Vocabulary of Social Sciencep. 19
What Is a "Fact"?p. 23
The Classic Scientific Research Designp. 23
Controversies in Social Science: Can Social Science Be Scientific?p. 24
Gathering Data: Survey Researchp. 26
Focus: Abortion: A Hot-Button Issuep. 30
Focus: Changing College Student Opinionsp. 33
Case Study: An Experiment in Preventing Underage Drinkingp. 36
About This Chapterp. 38
For Discussionp. 39
On the Web: Exploring the Social Sciencesp. 39
Power and Ideologyp. 41
The Power of Ideasp. 41
Classical Liberalism: The Least Government Is the Best Governmentp. 42
Modern Liberalism: Government Power to "Do Good"p. 43
Focus: Selected Direct Quotations from Ideologiesp. 44
Modern Conservatism: Individualism and Traditional Valuesp. 45
Focus: How to Tell if You're Liberal or Conservativep. 47
Masters of Social Thought: Neoconservative Irving Kristolp. 50
Fascism: The Supremacy of Race and Nationp. 52
Socialism: Government Ownership, Central Planningp. 56
Case Study: The Rise and Fall of Communism In Russiap. 57
Why Communism Collapsedp. 60
About This Chapterp. 62
For Discussionp. 62
On the Web: Exploring Ideologiesp. 53
Power and the Social Sciencesp. 65
Power and Culturep. 66
The Origins of Powerp. 66
Culture: Ways of Lifep. 67
Masters of Social Thought: Ruth Benedict and Patterns of Culturep. 69
The Components of Culturep. 70
The Nature of Culturep. 72
Masters of Social Thought: Clifford Geertz's Anti Anti-Relativismp. 75
Controversies in Social Sciences: The World's Missing Girlsp. 76
Authority in the Familyp. 78
Focus: Social Science Looks at Sex in Americap. 79
International Perspective: Women in the Workforcep. 83
Power and Genderp. 86
Focus: Marriage American Stylep. 87
International Perspective: Liberia's Iron Lady: President Ellen Johnson-Sirleafp. 88
Power and Political Systemsp. 90
Focus: Power and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabiap. 92
Power and Society: Some Anthropological Observationsp. 94
About This Chapterp. 95
For Discussionp. 95
On the Web: Exploring Anthropologyp. 95
Power and Social Classp. 97
Power Relations and Social Stratificationp. 97
Stratification in American Societyp. 98
Sociology and the Study of Social Classesp. 102
Inequality in Americap. 105
International Perspective: Beliefs about Equality and Opportunityp. 108
Social Mobility: The Ups and Downsp. 109
Class as a Determinant of Lifestylep. 111
Masters of Social Thought: C. Wright Mills and the Power Elitep. 113
International Perspective: Global Inequalitiesp. 116
Social Classes: Conflict And Conciliationp. 118
Masters of Social Thought: Karl Marx and the Class Strugglep. 119
Social Class and Political Powerp. 120
About This Chapterp. 123
For Discussionp. 124
On the Web: Exploring Sociologyp. 124
Power and Personalityp. 125
Personality and Individual Responses to Powerp. 125
Our Genetic Codep. 127
Focus: DNA as a Genealogical Toolp. 128
Focus: DNA: Blueprint to Lifep. 130
Nurture and Human Developmentp. 131
Approaches to Psychology And Personalityp. 132
Focus: Inside the Brainp. 133
Focus: Evolutionary Psychology: The Mating Gamep. 137
Masters of Social Thought: Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytic Theoryp. 138
Behaviorism and Learning Theoryp. 140
Masters of Social Thought: B. F. Skinner and the Control of Human Behaviorp. 143
International Perspective: The Self in Individualist and Collectivist Culturesp. 145
Power and the Study of Psychologyp. 149
Treating Mental Illnessp. 149
Case Study: Diagnosing Mental Illnessp. 150
Focus: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Not Just a Soldier's Diseasep. 154
Powerlessness and Mental Healthp. 156
Case Study: Dying for Powerp. 157
About This Chapterp. 158
For Discussionp. 158
On the Web: Exploring Psychologyp. 159
Power and the Economic Orderp. 161
Power and Economic Organizationp. 161
The Market System, Hard Boiled and Impersonalp. 162
Supply, Demand, and the Market Pricep. 165
Measuring America's Wealthp. 167
Focus: Interest Rates and Youp. 168
Masters of Social Thought: Adam Smith and Laissez-Faire Economicsp. 170
International Perspective: GNP and Standards of Livingp. 173
Government in a Free Market Economyp. 174
Case Study: Achieving Economic Stabilityp. 176
Masters of Social Thought: John M. Keynes and the Mixed Economyp. 177
Supply-Side Economicsp. 178
Case Study: The Recent Performance of the American Economyp. 180
Government Money: Where It Comes From and Where It Goesp. 182
Government Debt, Deficits, and Surplusesp. 184
International Perspective: A Look at Government Debtp. 185
The Concentration of Economic Powerp. 186
Focus: The Concentration of Corporate Powerp. 187
The Globalization of Economic Powerp. 190
International Perspective: The Multinationals' Global Economic Powerp. 192
About This Chapterp. 195
For Discussionp. 195
On the Web: Exploring Economicsp. 196
Power and Governmentp. 198
Politics, Political Science, and Government Powerp. 198
The Meaning of Democracyp. 199
Masters of Social Thought: John Locke and Constitutionalismp. 201
Power and the American Constitutionp. 202
Controversies in Social Science: Direct versus Representative Democracyp. 206
Federalism and the Growth of Government Powerp. 209
Federalism Todayp. 210
Power and the Branches of the Federal Governmentp. 212
Focus: Rating the Presidentsp. 213
Focus: Explaining Presidential Approval Ratingsp. 216
Case Study: A Return to the Imperial Presidencyp. 219
Focus: Bush v. Gore in the U.S. Supreme Courtp. 226
The Power of Congressp. 226
The Power of the Courtsp. 229
Power and Political Behavior in the United Statesp. 232
Political Parties in the United Statesp. 235
Differences between Democrats and Republicansp. 236
Focus: Media Power: The Presidential Debatesp. 238
Power and American Governmentp. 241
About This Chapterp. 241
For Discussionp. 242
On the Web: Exploring Government and Politicsp. 242
Power and Historyp. 244
History and Social Sciencep. 244
History and the American Experiencep. 244
Controversies in Social Science: Charles Beard and the Economic Interests of the Foundersp. 246
The Rise of Western Elitesp. 248
The Civil War and Elite Divisionp. 249
Power in the Post-Civil War Erap. 253
Power and the Industrial Revolutionp. 257
Masters of Social Thought: Jane Addams and the Settlement House Movementp. 259
The New Deal and the Emergence of the "Liberal Establishment"p. 260
Case Study: Vietnam: A Political Historyp. 261
About This Chapterp. 265
For Discussionp. 265
On the Web: Exploring Historyp. 266
The Uses of Powerp. 269
Power, Race, and Genderp. 270
Racism in American Historyp. 270
The Civil Rights Movementp. 272
Masters of Social Thought: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Power of Protestp. 274
Continuing Inequalitiesp. 276
Hispanic Powerp. 277
Controversies in Social Science: Affirmative Action and the Constitutionp. 278
Immigration to Americap. 283
Native Americans: An Historical Overviewp. 287
Power and Genderp. 291
Sex Inequality: Culture or Biology?p. 293
The Long History of Women's Protestsp. 294
Focus: A Declaration of Women's Rights, 1848p. 296
Why Are There So Few Women in Power?p. 297
Sexual Discrimination: Sexual Harassment and the Lawp. 298
Focus: Professor Anita Hill's Testimony in the Supreme Court Confirmation Hearing of Clarence Thomasp. 300
Abortion and the Lawp. 304
Gay and Lesbian Rightsp. 306
About This Chapterp. 307
For Discussionp. 307
On the Web: Exploring Power, Race, and Genderp. 308
Poverty and Powerlessnessp. 309
Poverty as Powerlessnessp. 309
Poverty in the United Statesp. 310
Case Study: How Is Poverty Measured?p. 311
Is There a Culture of Poverty?p. 313
Focus: Who Are the Poor?p. 314
Focus: America's Shame: Our Poor Childrenp. 316
International Perspective: A Cure for Poverty? The Gates Foundationp. 318
Government and Social Welfarep. 319
International Perspective: Income of the Poor in Advanced Democraciesp. 322
Case Study: Senior Powerp. 323
Homelessness in Americap. 325
Controversies in Social Science: Is Welfare Reform Working?p. 326
About This Chapterp. 328
For Discussionp. 328
On the Web: Exploring Poverty and Powerlessnessp. 329
Power, Violence, and Crimep. 330
Power and Individual Freedomp. 330
Violence in American Historyp. 330
Focus: September 11, 2001, by the Numbers: The Attacks on the World Trade Centerp. 335
The Problem of Crimep. 336
Focus: It's a Real Crime!p. 338
The Constitutional Rights of Defendantsp. 340
International Perspective: The Death Penaltyp. 346
Crime and Drugsp. 352
An Economic Perspective on Crimep. 353
Focus: Getting Highp. 354
Controversies in Social Science: Should Drugs Be Legalized?p. 355
A Psychological Perspective on Crime: The Antisocial Personalityp. 356
Controversies in Social Science: Incarceration or Education?p. 357
Case Study: The Insanity Defensep. 358
Social and Cultural Perspectives on Crimep. 360
About This Chapterp. 362
For Discussionp. 362
On the Web: Exploring Power, Crime, and Violencep. 363
Power and the Global Communityp. 365
The Global Communityp. 365
Globalization in Perspectivep. 365
The Global Problem of Povertyp. 365
Masters of Social Thought: Immanuel Wallersteinp. 367
Focus: The Least-Developed Countriesp. 368
The Global Problems of Hunger and Malnourishmentp. 359
Focus: Afghanistanp. 372
Health and Health Care in the Global Communityp. 375
Still a Global Problem: Slaveryp. 377
Global Population Growthp. 381
The Structure of Urban Life in the Global Communityp. 383
International Perspective: Worldwide Urbanizationp. 384
About This Chapterp. 388
For Discussionp. 388
On the Web: Exploring Power and the Global Communityp. 389
Power Among Nationsp. 390
International Politicsp. 390
International Perspective: An American Dream?p. 391
Bringing Order to International Relationsp. 392
Focus: Know Your Geographyp. 393
A Brief History of the Cold Warp. 396
The Control of Nuclear Armsp. 400
International Politics in a Post-September 11 Worldp. 404
Focus: Al Qaedap. 405
Unanticipated Threatsp. 407
Case Study: American Military Power: The Gulf War and the War in Iraqp. 408
Controversies in Social Science: When Should the United States Use Military Force?p. 410
About This Chapterp. 412
For Discussionp. 412
On the Web: Exploring Power among Nationsp. 412
Notesp. 414
Indexp. 420
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