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Practical Homicide Investigation: Tactics, Procedures, and Forensic Techniques, Fourth Edition,9780849333033
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Practical Homicide Investigation: Tactics, Procedures, and Forensic Techniques, Fourth Edition

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780849333033

ISBN10:
0849333032
Media:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
2/8/2006
Publisher(s):
CRC Press
List Price: $134.34

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Summary

Combining detailed techniques with instructive case studies, the best-selling Practical Homicide Investigation stresses the basics and provides patterns on which to build a foundation for a prosecutable case. This fourth edition presents the latest information on DNA analysis and the latest assessment of crime scene reconstruction principles. It offers updated information on crime scene processing, including new blood enhancement reagents and current constitutional law, and contains new serial murder cases and a revised chapter on profiling, also with a new case. All of the illustrations are now presented in full color, including new medical-legal drawings for instruction and courtroom testimony.

Table of Contents

1 The Homicide Crime Scene
1(30)
The Five Components of Practical Homicide Investigation®
2(1)
The Crime Scene
2(18)
At the Crime Scene
4(1)
The Homicide Investigation Starts at the Crime Scene
4(1)
Determining the Dimensions of the Homicide Crime Scene
5(4)
Protecting the Crime Scene
9(9)
The Crime Scene Sign-In Sheet
18(2)
The Preliminary Investigation at the Primary Crime Scene
20(1)
Victimology
21(1)
Equivocal Death Investigations
22(7)
The Staged Crime Scene
22(1)
Introduction
22(1)
Types of Crime Scene Staging
23(1)
Example of Homicide Made to Appear an Accident
23(2)
Examples of a Homicide Made to Appear Sex Related
25(4)
Conclusion
29(1)
Investigative Strategies
29(1)
Selected Reading
30(1)
2 First Officer's Duties: General
31(16)
Notification of a Possible Homicide: The Official Notification to the Police
31(3)
First Notification of Homicide Received in Person by Patrol Officer
34(1)
First Officer's Duties on Arrival at the Scene
35(5)
Protection of Life
36(2)
Safeguarding the Scene and Detaining Witnesses or Suspects
38(2)
The First Officer Initiates the Homicide Investigation
40(1)
Dealing with Emergencies at the Scene
41(4)
Conclusion
45(1)
Selected Reading
46(1)
3 First Officer's Duties: Specific
47(16)
The Suspect in Custody
47(2)
Transporting the Suspect
49(2)
Examination of the Suspect for Evidence
51(1)
The Dying Declaration
51(1)
The Victim Removed to the Hospital
51(1)
The Victim Pronounced DOA at the Hospital
52(1)
The Officer's Duties at the Hospital
52(1)
The Victim Confirmed DOA at the Scene
52(2)
Handling Witnesses at the Scene
54(1)
Additional Officers at the Scene
54(1)
Handling News Media Personnel at the Scene
55(1)
The Documentation of Events by the First Officer
55(1)
The Changing Sequence of Command
56(1)
Patrol Officer's Checklist
56(7)
Initial Call/Receipt of Information
58(1)
Arrival at the Homicide Crime Scene
58(1)
Protection of the Crime Scene
59(1)
Notifications
59(1)
Preliminary Investigation
59(1)
Suspect in Custody
60(1)
Suicide and Accidental Death
61(2)
4 The Preliminary Investigation at the Scene: The Detectives
63(26)
Initial Receipt of Information
64(1)
Arrival at the Scene
65(1)
Preliminary Steps to Be Taken by Detectives upon Arrival Checklist
66(1)
Describing the Scene
67(1)
Implementing Crime Scene Procedures
68(1)
Direction of Uniformed Personnel at the Scene
69(1)
The Teamwork Approach
70(1)
Directing the Investigation at the Scene
71(1)
Duties of the Detective Supervisor on Arrival at the Scene
71(1)
Preliminary Interview of the First Officer
72(2)
Interview of Ambulance Personnel
74(1)
Handling Curious Onlookers
75(1)
Handling Witnesses at the Scene
76(2)
The Canvass
78(5)
The Preliminary Medical Examination at the Scene
83(2)
Special Procedure to Follow in Specific Cases
85(1)
Case Examples
86(1)
Conclusion
86(1)
Reference
87(2)
5 Specific Investigative Duties at the Scene
89(36)
The Suspect in Custody
89(1)
Interview and Interrogation of the Suspect in Custody
90(1)
Examination of a Suspect for Evidence
91(1)
Evaluation of the Suspect's Demeanor and Mental Capacity
92(1)
Obtaining a Dying Declaration
93(2)
Questions to Be Asked in a Dying Declaration
94(1)
Documentation of the Dying Declaration
94(1)
Handling Buried-Body Cases
95(12)
The Discovery of the Buried Body
95(3)
Initial Response
98(1)
The Excavation
99(1)
The Body
100(6)
Search for a Buried Body
106(1)
The Investigative Checklist
107(17)
Documentation of the Initial Report
107(11)
Initial Receipt of Information
107(1)
Arrival at the Homicide — Death Scene
108(1)
Preliminary Inspection of the Body at the Crime Scene
108(1)
Implementing Crime Scene Control Procedures
109(1)
Initiating a Crime Scene Log
109(1)
Establishing a Policy for Crime Scene Integrity
109(1)
Establishing a Command Post or Temporary Headquarters
110(1)
Emergency Medical Service (EMS) and Ambulance Personnel
111(1)
Initiating a Canvass
111(1)
Weapons
112(1)
The Suspect in Custody
112(1)
Suspect in Custody: Interrogation at the Scene
112(1)
A.D.A.P.T
113(1)
Documentation of Crime Scene Photographs
113(1)
Recommended Crime Scene Photographs
113(1)
The Crime Scene Sketch
114(1)
The Crime Scene Search
114(1)
Dusting for Fingerprints
115(1)
Description of the Deceased
115(1)
Preliminary Medical Examination at the Scene
116(1)
Victim — Hospital Information
116(1)
Evidence Process and Control Procedures
117(1)
Release of the Homicide Crime Scene
117(1)
Suicide Investigation — Investigative Considerations
118(2)
Evaluation of the Wounds
118(1)
Psychological State of the Victim
118(1)
Any Prior Mental Disease or Defect
119(1)
Recognized Warning Signs in Suicides
119(1)
Extreme Danger Signs in Suicides
120(1)
Autoerotic Fatalities (Accidental Asphyxia)
120(1)
Investigative Considerations
120(1)
Investigating Fatal Fires
120(2)
The Investigative Considerations
120(1)
The Fire Incident
121(1)
Suspicious Designation: General Determination Factors
121(1)
Maintenance of the Fire Crime Scene
121(1)
Investigation at the Scene
121(1)
Determination of Arson
122(1)
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
122(1)
Investigative Checklist
122(1)
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP) Warning Signs
123(1)
References
124(1)
Selected Reading
124(1)
6 The Crime Scene Photographs
125(34)
The Value of Crime Scene Photographs
125(1)
Crime Scene Photography and the Investigator
126(1)
Admissibility of Photographic Evidence
126(4)
Photographing the Homicide Crime Scene
130(3)
Outdoor Locations
130(1)
Indoor Locations
130(1)
The Body
130(2)
Suspects
132(1)
Type of Film
133(1)
Recommended Crime Scene Photographs
134(10)
Practical Application of Crime Scene Photography
144(8)
The World Trade Center Attack
145(7)
The Polaroid Macro 5 SLR Camera
145(4)
The Panoscan MK-3 Digital Panoramic Camera System
149(1)
Examples
150(2)
Videotaping
152(5)
Advantages of Videotaping
152(1)
Purpose of Videotaping the Crime Scene
153(1)
Recommended Procedure
154(1)
Video tape Protocol
155(1)
Arrival at Scene
155(1)
Taping Protocol
156(1)
Videotaping Suspect Statements
157(1)
Conclusion
157(1)
References .
158(1)
Selected Reading
158(1)
7 The Crime Scene Sketch
159(16)
The Sketch
159(4)
Preparing the Crime Scene Sketch
163(4)
Utilizing Aerial Photographs for Mapping Outdoor Crime Scenes
167(1)
The "Total Station" Crime Scene Reconstruction Program
168(5)
Definition
168(2)
Operation
170(2)
Practical Application
172(1)
Reference
173(1)
Selected Reading
173(2)
8 The Homicide Crime Scene Search
175(56)
Legal Considerations
176(3)
Warrantless Searches Where Suspect Shares Possessory Right to Premises
178(1)
Practical Examples of Reasonableness: Officers Arriving at Scene of Violent Crime
178(1)
Physical Evidence
179(1)
Types of Physical Evidence
179(1)
The Concept of Linkage
180(2)
Methods of Crime Scene Search
182(2)
Formulating the Search
184(4)
The Homicide Kit
188(5)
Crime Scene Integrity Kit
188(1)
Evidence Collection Tools
188(2)
Fingerprint Kit
190(1)
Photography Kit
190(1)
Sketching and Mapping Kit
191(1)
Casting Kit
191(1)
Evidence Collection Containers
192(1)
Lasers and Alternate Light Sources (ALS)
192(1)
The Search
193(1)
Examination of the Body at the Scene
194(5)
Bloodstain Pattern Analysis
199(4)
Release of the Body
203(2)
The Scene
205(10)
Processing a Vehicle (See Chapter 17)
210(1)
Examining the Outdoor Scene
210(5)
Examples of Evidence Found Outdoors
212(3)
Examination of an Outdoor Scene at Night
215(1)
Physical Examination of a Suspect in Custody
215(5)
Gunshot Residue Testing
218(2)
Release of the Scene
220(1)
Crime Scene Process Protective Equipment and Clothing
221(2)
Antiputrefaction Masks
223(1)
Crime Scene Protocol for Protection from Airborne Pathogens and Other Biohazards
223(4)
Communicable Diseases: Required Precautions
223(504)
Decontamination of Equipment
224(1)
Decontamination of Clothing
224(1)
Precautions
225(1)
Prevention
226(1)
Exposure of First Responders
227(1)
Exposure to Blood-Borne Diseases
227(500)
Infection Control Techniques
727
Universal Precautions
227(1)
Body Substance Isolation
228(1)
Exposure Treatment
228(1)
Conclusion
228(1)
References
229(1)
Selected Reading
229(2)
9 Estimating Time of Death
231(26)
The Process of Dying
233(2)
Body Changes after Death
235(11)
External Agents of Change
246(8)
Insects
246(4)
Plants
250(1)
Animals
251(1)
Bodies in Water
252(2)
Information Derived from the Scene
254(1)
Conclusion
255(1)
Selected Reading
255(2)
10 The Identity of the Deceased 257(44)
The Identification
258(9)
Identification at the Scene
258(1)
Personal Identification
258(1)
Clothing and Possessions
259(1)
Identification by Photographs
259(1)
Description of the Body
260(2)
Clothing
262(1)
Jewelry and Watches
262(1)
Fingerprints
263(4)
Obtaining Fingerprints from Dead Bodies
263(4)
Mass Fatality Events
267(6)
The World Trade Center Attack
268(3)
Mass Fatality Considerations
271(1)
DNA Testing in the Identification of WTC Victims
272(1)
The Iceman Case
273(4)
Dr. Zugibe's Medical Evaluation
275(1)
Forensic Evaluation
276(1)
The Teeth
277(7)
Age
978
General Facial Characteristics
279(1)
Race
280(1)
Socioeconomic Group
281(1)
Occupation or Habits
281(1)
Positive Identification
281(2)
Bite-Mark Identification
283(1)
Inquiries Relative to Forensic Odontology
284(1)
The Bones
284(6)
Age
284(3)
Sex
287(1)
Race
287(1)
Height and Other Individual Characteristics
287(1)
Determination of Cause of Death
288(1)
Determination of Whether Bones Are Human or Animal
288(1)
Examination of Bones
288(2)
Facial Reconstruction
290(1)
Forensic Art
290(9)
Introduction to Forensic Art
290(2)
Four Categories of Forensic Art
292(3)
Forensic Art in Identification of Human Remains
295(16)
Postmortem Drawing
295(1)
Two-Dimensional Facial Reconstruction from the Skull
296(1)
Three-Dimensional Facial Reconstruction on the Skull
297(1)
Methods of Superimposition
298(1)
Conclusion
299(1)
References
299(1)
Selected Reading
299(2)
11 Death Notifications: The Surviving Family as Secondary Victims 301(14)
Psychological Reactions to Death
302(1)
The Normal Grieving Process
302(1)
The Stages of Grief
303(1)
Psychological Reactions to Murder
304(1)
Psychological Reactions to Murdered Children
304(1)
Psychological Reactions to the Murder of Police Officers
305(1)
Notifications of Death by the Homicide Detective
305(1)
Recommendations and Guidelines for Proper Death Notifications to Surviving Family Members
306(2)
Providing Information to the Surviving Family
308(1)
Guiding the Surviving Family through the Criminal Justice System
309(2)
Conclusion
311(1)
Victim's Assistance Organizations
311(1)
References
312(1)
Selected Reading
313(2)
12 Modes of Death 315(68)
Gunshot Wounds
315(16)
The Projectile Striking the Body
318(1)
The Nature and Extent of Gunshot Wounds
318(5)
Smudging or Smoke
323(1)
Searing
323(1)
Tattooing or Stippling
323(1)
Reentry
323(2)
Ricocheting
325(1)
Shotgun Wounds
325(1)
Contact Wounds
325(4)
Bullet Track
329(2)
Cutting Wounds
331(2)
Stabbing Wounds
333(3)
Blunt Force Injuries
336(3)
Lacerations
336(2)
Chopping Wounds
338(1)
Deaths by Asphyxia
339(9)
Strangulation
341(1)
Investigative Considerations
341(1)
Hanging
341(3)
Drowning
344(1)
Inhalation of Poison Gases
345(2)
Suffocation
347(1)
General Forms of Suffocation
347(1)
Deaths by Fire
348(2)
Severity of Burn Injuries
348(1)
Investigative Considerations
348(2)
Scalding Burns
350(1)
Arson
350(3)
Poisons
353(5)
Deaths Caused by Injection
354(4)
Sexual Asphyxia: The Phenomenon of Autoerotic Fatalities
358(8)
Introduction
358(5)
Preliminary Investigation at the Scene
363(1)
Atypical Autoerotic Deaths
363(2)
Asphyxial Deaths — The Pathology of Autoerotic Death
365(1)
The Reality of Asphyxial Death — Videotaped Cases
366(1)
Equivocal Death Investigations
366(9)
Sexual Asphyxia — the Psychosexual Aspects of Autoerotic Activity
367(6)
Female Victims of Autoerotic Fatality
373(2)
Equivocal Death Investigation
375(3)
Crime Scene
375(2)
The Victim
377(1)
Investigative Considerations
377(1)
Opinion
377(1)
Results
378(1)
Notifying and Advising the Surviving Family of the Mode of Death
378(1)
Investigative Considerations
378(1)
Determining the Involvement of Sexual Asphyxia: Autoerotic Checklist
379(1)
Summary
380(1)
References
380(1)
Selected Reading
381(2)
13 Suicide Investigation 383(56)
Risk Factors
383(1)
Depression: A Clinical Perspective
384(4)
Emotional Symptoms
384(1)
Cognitive Symptoms
385(1)
Motivational Symptoms
385(1)
Somatic Symptoms
385(1)
Clinical Scenario
385(3)
Other Motives for Suicide
388(2)
The Investigation
390(5)
Staging a Scene
395(2)
Investigative Considerations
397(6)
The Weapon
397(1)
Wounds
398(4)
Medicolegal Analysis
402(1)
Summary
403(1)
Bizarre Suicides
403(6)
Suicide by Blasting Cap
403(1)
Suicide by Fireplace
403(1)
Attempted Suicide — Self-Mutilation
403(3)
Barrel of Gun in Suicide Victim's Head
406(3)
Equivocal Death Investigations
409(1)
Motives and Intent
410(3)
Suicide Notes
413(5)
Background Information
418(1)
Psychological Autopsy
419(1)
Warning Signs
419(1)
Extreme Danger Signs
419(1)
Investigative Considerations
419(1)
Evaluation of the Wounds
419(1)
Psychological State of the Victim
420(1)
Any Prior Mental Disease or Defect
420(1)
Final Exit Suicide Investigations
420(8)
Introduction
420(2)
Synopsis of Contents
422(1)
Investigative Considerations
422(1)
Letters to Be Written
423(1)
Police Investigation
423(1)
Self-Deliverance via the Plastic Bag
424(4)
Police Investigation
424(1)
The Final Act
425(1)
Police Investigation
426(2)
Investigative Checklist for Final Exit Cases
428(1)
Recommendations
428(1)
Conclusion
428(1)
Staged Crime Scenes Involving Final Exit
429(1)
Suicide-by-Cop
429(6)
Introduction
429(5)
Example
429(1)
Early Example
430(1)
Clinical Interpretations
430(1)
The Psychopathology of Suicide-by-Cop Scenarios
431(1)
Hostage Situations
432(2)
Psychological Ramifications for Police Officers Involved in
Suicide-by-Cop Incidents
434(1)
The Racial Component in Police-Related Shooting Incidents
435(1)
Investigative Considerations
435(1)
References
436(1)
Selected Reading
436(3)
14 The Investigation of Sex-Related Homicides 439(60)
Introduction
439(1)
The Crime Scene Investigation
440(2)
Sex-Related Crime Scene Checklist
440(1)
Method for Diagnosing Abrasions, Lacerations, and Other Skin Disruptions in the Perineum and Perianal Areas
441(1)
Human Sexuality and Sexual Deviance
442(7)
Determining Motivation
449(2)
Significance of Fantasy in Sex-Related Incidents
451(5)
Organized and Disorganized Offenders
456(1)
The Organized Offender
456(2)
The Disorganized Offender
457(1)
Classifications
458(1)
Interpersonal Violence-Oriented Disputes and Assaults
459(3)
Rape- and/or Sodomy-Oriented Assault
462(5)
Investigative Strategy
464(2)
Categories of Rapists
466(1)
Deviant-Oriented Assault — the Lust Murder
467(8)
Anatomy of Lust Murder
467(1)
Psychodynamics
468(7)
The Serial Murder
475(18)
The Serial Killer Profile
477(4)
Organized Serial Killer Activities
481(2)
Disorganized Serial Killer Activities
483(1)
Serial Murder Investigation
484(1)
Command Responsibilty
485(1)
Linkage Blindnesss
485(1)
Typical Serial Killer Murder Task Force
486(1)
The Typical Serial Killer
487(1)
Three Main Methods Used to Link Murders
488(1)
Investigative Considerations
488(2)
A Clinical Perspective
490(3)
Conclusion
493(1)
References
493(1)
Selected Reading
494(5)
15 Homosexual Homicides 499(34)
Introduction
499(1)
Homosexual Relationships
499(1)
Homosexual Lifestyles — Investigative Considerations
500(1)
Interpersonal Violence-Oriented Disputes and Assaults
501(4)
Murders Involving Forced Anal Rape and/or Sodomy
505(4)
Lust Murders and Other Acts of Sexual Perversion
509(5)
Homosexual Serial Murders
514(13)
Investigative Significance
527(1)
Psychological Considerations
527(1)
Robbery–Homicide of Homosexuals
528(2)
Homophobic Assault and "Gay-Bashing" Incidents
530(1)
Conclusion
530(1)
References
531(1)
Selected Reading
531(2)
16 Forensic Application of DNA Analysis 533(38)
Introduction
533(1)
Deoxyribonucleic Acid — DNA
534(1)
The Cell
534(2)
Molecular Biology of the Cell
534(2)
Structure and Function of DNA
536(4)
Nuclear DNA
536(3)
Y-Chromosomal DNA
539(1)
Mitochondrial DNA
539(1)
Techniques and Procedures in Forensic DNA Analysis
540(14)
Collection and Preservation of Biological Evidence
540(3)
Scheduling Analysis
543(1)
DNA Extraction
544(3)
Differential DNA Extraction
547(1)
DNA Quantification
547(1)
DNA Amplification (Polymerase Chain Reaction)
548(3)
Multiplex PCR Analysis
551(1)
STR Multiplex PCR Analysis
552(1)
Amplification of mtDNA
552(1)
DNA Detection and Analysis
552(1)
STR DNA Analysis
552(1)
mtDNA Analysis
553(1)
STR DNA Databases
Population Statistics
554(1)
CODIS
555(3)
National Missing Persons DNA Database
558(1)
The Choice of Analysis
558(1)
Admissibility of DNA Evidence
558(2)
Laboratory Accreditation
560(1)
Forensic DNA Case Studies
561(8)
Victim Identification
561(8)
Conclusion
569(1)
References
569(1)
Selected Reading
570(1)
17 Collection of Evidence 571(54)
Procedures for Collection of Evidence
571(1)
General Types of Evidence
572(1)
Classifications of Physical Evidence
573(1)
Class Evidence
573(1)
Individualistic Evidence
573(1)
Collection of Specific Types of Evidence
573(50)
Body Materials
574(34)
Blood
574(6)
Semen
580(3)
Urine
583(1)
Saliva or Spittle
584(1)
Feces
585(1)
Vomit
586(1)
Tissue
586(1)
Hair
587(3)
Objects
590(1)
Bullets
590(1)
Discharged Casings or Cartridges
591(1)
Shotgun Shells
591(1)
Live Cartridges or Rounds of Ammunition
591(1)
Shotgun Wadding
591(1)
Weapons
591(1)
Firearms
591(7)
Fibers
598(2)
Fabric
600(1)
Cigarette/Cigar Butts
600(3)
Displaced Furniture
603(1)
Soil
603(1)
Tools
604(1)
Vehicles
605(1)
Clothing
605(1)
Documents (Letters, Notes, Papers)
606(1)
Glass
607(1)
Impressions
608(18)
Fingerprint Examination
608(8)
Tire Tracks and Footprints
616(6)
Tool Marks
622(1)
Bite Marks
622(1)
Bullet Holes
623(1)
Newly Damaged Areas
623(1)
References
623(1)
Selected Reading
623(2)
18 The Autopsy 625(50)
The Medical Examiner/Coroner
625(1)
Investigation of Death
626(7)
Cause, Mechanism, and Manner of Death
632(1)
Practical Application of Terminology
633(1)
Purpose of the Autopsy
633(6)
Investigative Information Provided by the Autopsy
635(4)
The Medicolegal Autopsy
639(25)
Examination of the Crime Scene
650(1)
Identification of the Body
651(1)
External Examination of the Body
652(2)
Preliminary Procedure
652(1)
The External Examination
652(2)
Internal Examination of the Body
654(9)
The Head
654(5)
The Chest
659(3)
The Abdomen
662(1)
The Pelvic Cavity
663(1)
The Protocol
663(1)
Summary
664(1)
Human Anatomy
664(8)
Directional Terms
665(1)
Body Cavities
666(2)
Dorsal Cavity
666(1)
Ventral Cavity
667(1)
Quadrants
668(1)
The Skeletal System
669(1)
The Heart
669(3)
References
672(1)
Selected Reading
672(3)
19 The News Media in Homicide Investigations 675(16)
Establishing a News Media Policy
676(5)
Building a Relationship with the News Media
679(2)
Homicide News Release Policy
681(3)
Offering Rewards
684(1)
Handling the News Media at the Scene
685(2)
Preparing the News Release
687(3)
Handling Questions During News Conferences
689(1)
Conclusion
690(1)
Selected Reading
690(1)
20 Identification of Suspects 691(78)
Bite-Mark Identification
691(11)
The Bite Mark
692(3)
Collection of Bite-Mark Evidence at the Scene
695(4)
Photographs of the Bite-Mark Wound
698(1)
Saliva Washings
699(1)
Interpretation of the Bite-Mark Evidence
699(1)
Examination of the Bite Mark
700(1)
Summary
701(1)
Hypnosis
702(2)
What Is Hypnosis?
702(1)
Psychodynamics
702(1)
Value to the Investigator
703(1)
Shortcomings of Hypnosis
703(1)
Summary
704(1)
Latent Prints on Human Skin
704(7)
General Considerations
705(2)
Procedures
705(2)
Fingerprint from Human Skin Using the Magna-Brush Technique
707(4)
Polygraph Examinations
711(3)
The Examination
712(2)
Possible Subjects for Polygraph Examinations
712(1)
Subjects That Cannot Be Tested
713(1)
Investigator's Duties prior to the Examination
713(1)
Polygraph Procedures
713(1)
Summary
714(1)
Psycholinguistics
714(4)
What Is Psycholinguistic Analysis?
714(1)
Methodology
715(1)
Psycholinguistics as an Investigative Tool
716(1)
Utilizing Psycholinguistic Analysis
717(1)
Summary
717(1)
Psychics
718(1)
What Is a Psychic?
718(1)
Police and Psychics
718(1)
Summary
719(1)
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy
719(11)
Introduction
719(1)
Munchausen Syndrome History and Application
720(1)
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy — History and Application
721(2)
The Investigative Response
723(2)
Team Approach
723(1)
Collection of Evidence
724(1)
Interviewing the Munchausen Syndrome–Related Offender
725(5)
Summary
730(1)
Homicides Involving Theft of a Fetus
730(17)
Introduction
730(1)
Infant Abductions — Infant Cut from Mother's Womb
731(7)
Case 1
732(1)
Case 2
733(2)
Case 3
735(1)
Case 4
736(1)
Case 5
736(1)
Case 6
737(1)
Case 7
738(1)
Attempted Theft of Fetus Offender Killed by Victim Mother
738(1)
Case 8
738(1)
Attempt Theft of Fetus — Offender Arrested
739(5)
Case 9
739(5)
Investigative Assessment and Analysis
744(2)
The Offender Profiles
744(1)
Offender Motive
745(1)
Abduction Investigative Strategies
746(1)
Police Response
746(1)
Detective Response
746(1)
Additional Information
746(1)
Summary
747(1)
Stalkers
747(12)
Introduction
747(1)
Stalkers
747(1)
Orders of Protection
748(1)
Anti-Stalker Legislation
748(3)
Types of Stalkers
751(5)
The Psychopathic Personality Stalker
751(3)
The Psychotic Personality Stalker
754(2)
Erotomania Involving Obsessed Fans and Stalkers
756(1)
Law Enforcement Response to Stalker Incidents
757(1)
Summary
758(1)
VICAP, Statewide and Regional Information Systems
759(3)
The Violent Criminal Apprehension Program — VICAP
760(1)
Profiling and Consultation Program
760(1)
The Regional Organized Crime Information Center
761(9)
Submission of Cases
762(1)
The Homicide Investigation and Tracking System
762(2)
Acknowledgments
764(1)
References
765(1)
Selected Reading
766(1)
Bite Mark Identification
766(1)
Hypnosis
766(1)
Latent Prints on Human Skin
766(1)
Psycholinguistics
766(1)
Psychics
766(1)
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy
766(1)
Stalkers
767(1)
VICAP, State-Wide and Regional Information Systems
768(1)
21 Investigative Assessment: Criminal Personality Profiling 769(84)
Introduction
769(1)
History of Profiling
770(14)
Application of Abnormal Psychology
771(2)
Criminal Personality Profile
773(7)
The Purpose of the Profile
774(1)
When Profiling Can Be Productive
774(6)
Factors That Can Be Determined by a Criminal Personality Profile
780(1)
The Investigative Approach to Profiling
781(2)
Investigative Assessment - The Profiling Process
783(1)
Clinical Considerations and Descriptions of Behavior
784(6)
The Psychopathic Personality
784(1)
Psychotic Personality (The Psychosis)
785(1)
Sexual Sadism (302.84 DSM-IV)
786(3)
Psychopathic Sexual Sadists
789(1)
Crime Scene and Profile: Characteristics of Organized and Disorganized Murderers
790(16)
The Organized Offender
792(5)
General Behavior Characteristics
793(4)
Ted Bundy: Serial Killer — Offender Profile
797(3)
Offender Profile Program
798(1)
Background
799(1)
Investigative Analysis
800(1)
Postcrime Behavior
801(1)
Conclusion
802(1)
Additional Information on Ted Bundy
802(3)
Investigative Considerations
805(1)
John Robinson Serial Murder Case
805
Overland Park Police Information
800(6)
Missing Persons' Cases
806(1)
Lenexa Police Investigation
806(1)
Tactics
806(1)
Background Information
806(1)
Investigative Information
807(1)
Internet Information
807(1)
Additional Information
808(1)
Robinson, the "Slave Master"
808(1)
Vickie
809(1)
Jeanna
809(1)
Investigative Break
809(1)
Second Investigative Break
810(1)
Investigative Status in May 2001
810(1)
Tactical Decision
811(1)
The Arrest and Execution of Search Warrants
811(1)
Search of the Kansas Storage Locker
811(2)
The Linn County Search
813(1)
Raymore, Missouri, Storage Unit
813(2)
Sheila and Debbie
813(2)
Beverly
815(1)
Task Force Investigation Revelations
815(1)
Bizarre Twist in the Case
815(1)
Disposition
815(1)
Acknowledgments
816(1)
The Disorganized Offender
816(4)
General Behavior Characteristics
817(3)
Criminal Personality Profiling — The Signature Aspect in Criminal Investigation
820(13)
Clinical Perspective
820(2)
Investigative Perspective
822(1)
Linkage Blindness
823(1)
Investigative Application of the "Signature" Aspect
823(7)
Signature Aspect
826(2)
Signature Aspect
828(1)
Signature Aspect
829(1)
The Suspect
830(1)
Evidence
831(2)
Signature Aspect of the Crimes
831(1)
Practical Examples of Signature Activity21
831(2)
Conclusion
833(1)
Geographic Profiling
833(12)
Investigative Elements to Consider in Geographic Profiling
834(1)
Investigative Elements in the Criminal Case Assessment Process
835(1)
Types of Crime Locations
835(7)
Investigative Considerations
842(1)
The Police Investigation
842(3)
A Psychology of Evil
845(3)
A Model for a Psychology of Evil
845(3)
Conclusion
848(1)
References
849(1)
Selected Reading
850(3)
22 Equivocal Death Investigation 853(34)
Equivocal Death Investigations
853(1)
Initiating the Investigation
853(1)
Case Number 1: An Equivocal Death and Staged Crime Scene — Making a Homicide Appear to Be a Suicide
854(10)
Introduction
854(1)
The Crime Scene
854(1)
The Police Investigation
855(2)
The Autopsy
857(1)
Consultative Analysis
857(1)
Investigative Considerations
857(1)
Victimology
858(1)
Investigative Issues
858(2)
Critique of Police Investigation
860(1)
Forensic Pathologist Report
861(1)
Evaluation of the Weapon and the Wound Structure
862(1)
Response to Insurance Company Medical Expert
862(2)
Opinion
864(1)
Case Number 2: An Equivocal Death Investigation with Staged Crime Scene Death Classified as Undetermined Manner
864(7)
Introduction
864(1)
The Initial Police Investigation
864(2)
Initial Detective Investigation
866(1)
Initial Medical Examiner Investigation
867(1)
Autopsy Findings
867(1)
The Follow-Up Medical Examiner Investigation
867(1)
The Follow-Up Police Investigation
868(1)
Investigative Assessment and Analysis
868(1)
Initial Response
868(1)
Review of the Police and Medical Examiner Investigators' Reports
869(1)
The Ligature
869(1)
Victimology
870(1)
Conclusion
870(1)
Case Number 3: An Equivocal Death Homicide or Suicide?
871(10)
Introduction
871(1)
Case Facts
872(1)
U.S. Army Autopsy Report Case# ME98-006
872(2)
USACID Position
874(1)
Second Medicolegal Examination Requested by Family
874(1)
Investigative Assessment and Analysis
874(2)
NYS Medicolegal Analysis Conducted for the National Guard
876(1)
Preliminary Consultative Reports
876(1)
USACID Follow-Up
876(1)
Medical Significance of the Wound Structures
877(2)
Review of Medicolegal Findings
879(1)
Final Report
880(1)
Conclusion
880(1)
Opinion
880(1)
Case Number 4: Staged Crime Scene — Homicide or Suicide?
881(4)
Conclusion
884(1)
References
885(1)
Selected Reading
885(2)
23 Narcotics-Related Homicides 887(16)
Introduction
887(1)
The Drug-Related Murder: The Investigative Dilemma
888(1)
The Drug-Related Murder and the Investigative Reality
889(2)
The Three-Phase Strategy
891(10)
Phase 1 — The Homicide Crime Scene
891(2)
Phase 2 — The Application of Drug Intelligence
893(6)
Phase 3 — Crime Clearance Procedures
899(2)
Conclusion
901(1)
Reference
901(2)
24 Practical Homicide Investigation: Supervision and Management of the Homicide Investigation 903(44)
Management Policy
903(8)
Police Department Policy
904(1)
Criminal Investigation Management
904(1)
Specialization, Generalization, or Rotation
905(4)
Major Pitfalls to Practical Homicide Case Management
909(2)
Procedures for Effective Management and Supervision of Homicide Investigation
911(1)
Supervisor's Homicide Checklist
911(11)
Supervising the Preliminary Investigation at the Scene
911(2)
Directing Specific Investigative Duties
913(1)
Supervising Homicide Crime Scene Search
914(2)
Providing for the Effective Documentation of Events
916(5)
Case Management
916(1)
Documentation
917(4)
First Day of Investigation
921(1)
Indexing the Homicide Investigation
922(7)
Conducting the Investigative Conference
925(4)
Investigation of Police-Related Shootings (OIS/Use of Deadly Force Incidents)
929(9)
Protocol
930(8)
I. Introduction
930(1)
II. Assigning Investigative Responsibility
931(1)
III. Investigation of OIS/Use of Deadly Force Incident
932(1)
IV. Interview of Employees Involved
933(1)
V. Taped Interview of Employees Involved
934(1)
VI. Follow-Up Investigation
934(1)
VII. Background Investigation
935(1)
VIII. Preparation of Investigative Report
935(1)
IX. Conclusion
936(1)
Checklist
936(2)
Apprehension of Homicide Fugitives
938(2)
Use of Wanted Posters
939(1)
Distribution of Photographs and Information Flyers to Patrol
939(1)
Cell Phones
939(1)
Pagers
940(1)
Planning the Apprehension
940(2)
Assessment of Physical Hazards
940(1)
The Tactical Plan
941(1)
The Tactical Operation
941(2)
Notification to Central Communications by Land Line
941(1)
Hospital
941(1)
Personnel
941(1)
Briefing
941(1)
Equipment
942(1)
Cold Case Investigations
942(1)
Conclusion
943(2)
Epilogue
944(1)
References
945(2)
Glossary 947(30)
Index 977


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