The Prentice Hall Guide for College Writers - Looseleaf

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  • Edition: 11th
  • Format: Loose-leaf
  • Copyright: 2016-01-12
  • Publisher: Pearson
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For courses in first-year Composition and Rhetoric.

A practical, step-by-step approach with writer’s purpose at the core

With new forms of delivery and expression changing the expectations of writers and audiences, the definition of “writing” continues to evolve – and so must today’s writers.  The Prentice Hall Guide for College Writers,  Eleventh Edition helps students navigate this territory by asking them to consider purpose, audience, and genre every time they write. Each project chapter guides students with a series of assignments, aligned with WPA Recommended Outcomes for First-year Writing.

Also available with MyWritingLab™

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Note: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyWritingLab does not come packaged with this content. Students, if interested in purchasing this title with MyWritingLab, ask your instructor for the correct package ISBN and Course ID. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.

If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyWritingLab, search for:

0134216571 / 9780134216577    Prentice Hall Guide for College Writers,  The ,  Plus MyWritingLab -- Access Card 

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  • 0134121953 / 9780134121956   Prentice Hall Guide for College Writers,  The

Table of Contents

1. Writing Myths and Rituals

Writing Fitness: Rituals and Practice

Place, Time, and Tools

Energy and Attitude

Keeping a Journal

Using Informal Writing

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

2. Situations, Purposes, and Processes for Writing

Techniques for Analyzing the Rhetorical Situation

The Rhetorical Situation

Elements of the Rhetorical Situation

The Writer  ª  The Occasion  ª  Purpose  ª  Audience  ª  Genre Context

Why the Rhetorical Situation is Important

Purposes for Writing

Writer-Based Purposes

Subject- and Audience-Based Purposes

Combination of Purposes

Subject, Purpose, and Thesis


Audience Analysis

Analyzing the Rhetorical Situation

Purpose, Audience, and Context in a Personal Essay

Writing Processes

Dimensions of the Writing Process


Shaping and Drafting


The Whole Process

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

A Writing Process at Work: Collecting and Shaping

"Athletes and Education" by Neil H. Petrie

"On Writing 'Athletes and Education'" by Neil H. Petrie

A Writing Process At Work: Drafting and Revising

Revisions to the Opening Sentences of the Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson


3. Observing and Remembering

Techniques for Observing and Remembering

Techniques for Observing

Observing People

Observing Places

Techniques for Writing About Memories

Remembering People

Remembering Places

Remembering Events

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Combining Observing and Remembering Techniques

"César Chávez Saved My Life" by Daniel "Nene" Alejandrez

Tips for Transferring Skills


Observing and Remembering: The Writing Process

Using Observing and Remembering in Your Writing Process

Choosing a Subject





Shaping and Drafting

Multigenre and Multimedia

Chronological Order


Simile and Metaphor

Voice and Tone


Title, Introduction, and Conclusion


Using Observing and Remembering in Storytelling

Applying What You Have Learned


4. Reading Critically, Analyzing Rhetorically

Techniques for Reading Critically and Responding to Texts

Critical Reading Strategies

Double-Entry Log

Critical Rereading Guide

Summarizing and Responding to an Essay

"Why We Still Need Feminism" by Casey Cavanaugh


Summary of "Why We Still Need Feminism"


Types of Responses   ª   Kinds of Evidence

Response to "Why We Still Need Feminism"

Rhetorical Reading and Analysis

The Rhetorical Triangle

Rhetorical Analysis vs. Critical Reading

Rhetorical Appeals

Appeal to Reason and Logic (Logos)  ª  Appeal to Character and Credibility (Ethos) ª Appeal to Emotion (Pathos) ª  Combined Appeals

"Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions (Seneca Falls Resolution)," by Elizabeth Cady Stanton et al.

Rhetorical Analysis Guide

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Tips for Transferring Skills


Reading Critically: Reading and Writing Processes

Using Critical Reading in Your Reading and Writing Processes

Choosing A Subject

Prereading Journal Entry

"Plagiarism in America" by Dudley Erskine Devlin


Text Annotation

Reading Log

Shaping and Drafting

Paraphrasing, Quoting, and Avoiding Plagiarism


Direct Quotation

Avoiding Plagiarism

Sample Summaries

Summary 1   ª   Summary 2

Response Shaping

Analyzing   ª   Interpreting and Reflecting   ª   Analyzing Rhetorically

Organizing Summary/Response and Rhetorical Analysis Essays


Using Rhetorical Analysis for Critical Reading

"The Rhetoric of the Seneca Falls Convention: Elizabeth Cady Stanton's Use of Appeals in Her Keynote Address and the Declaration of Sentiments," by Emily Kuhl

Applying What You Have Learned


5. Analyzing and Composing Multimedia Texts

Techniques for Analyzing and Composing Multimedia Texts

Rhetorical Appeals in Multimedia Environments

Appeal to Reason (Logos)

Appeal to Emotion (Pathos)

Appeal to Character and Credibility

Combined Appeals in Multimedia Texts

The Components of Multimedia Texts

Analyzing Visual Components

Information Graphics

Analyzing Audio Components

Analyzing Video Components


Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Analyzing Multimedia in Context

"Coming Home" by Carolyn Kleiner Butler

Tips for Transferring Skills


Processes for Analyzing and Composing with Multimedia

Using Multimedia Analysis in Your Composing Processes

Choosing a Subject


Shaping and Drafting


"The Effectiveness of the Transportation Security Administration," by Tanner Fox (Student)

Applying What You Have Learned


6. Investigating

Techniques for Investigative Writing

Investigating Prior Research

"Drivers on Cell Phones Are as Bad as Drunks," by University of Utah News Center

Investigating a Person

"Richard Linklater: 'It Fit My Personality to Be Collaborating With the Unknown,'" by Andrew O'Hehir

Investigating an Event or Phenomenon

"Grade Inflation.com: Grade Inflation at American Colleges and Universities," by Stuart Rojstaczer

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

"Surfin' the Louvre" by Elizabeth Larsen


Investigating: The Writing Process

Tips for Transferring Skills

Choosing a Subject


Asking Questions

Research Tips

Summarizing   ª   Citing Sources in Your Text

Doing Field Research

Interviewing   ª   Writing Questionnaires

Shaping and Drafting

Inverted Pyramid

Chronological Order

Comparison and Contrast

Title, Introduction, and Conclusion


"Investigating the Ebola Outbreak" by Paige Koch (student)

Applying What You Have Learned


7. Explaining

Techniques for Explaining

Explaining What: Definition

"FOMO and Social Media"

Explaining How: Process Analysis

Explaining Why: Causal Analysis

"How Baseball Explains Modern Racism" by David Sirota

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

"How to Take Control of Your Credit Cards" by Suze Orman

"How Male and Female Students Use Language Differently" by Deborah Tannen

Tips for Transferring Skills


Explaining: The Writing Process

Using Explaining in Your Reading and Writing Process

Choosing a Subject



Focus on Definition  ª   Focus on Process Analysis  ª  Focus on Causal Analysis






Shaping and Drafting

Audience, Genre, and Medium

Definition and Classification

Research Tips


Voice and Tone

Chronological Order and Process Analysis

Causal Analysis

Introduction and Lead-in

Lead-in, Thesis, and Essay Map

Paragraph Transitions and Hooks

Body Paragraphs


"White Lies: White-Collar Crime in America" by Chris Blakely (student)

Applying What You Have Learned


8. Evaluating

Techniques for Writing Evaluations

Evaluating Commercial Products or Services

"Hunan Dynasty" by Phyllis C. Richman

"Android vs. iPhone" by Consumer Reports editors

Evaluating Works of Art

'"American Gothic,' Pitchfork Perfect" by Paul Richard

Evaluating Performances

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

"'Selma' Movie Review: Humanizing Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr." by Ann Hornaday

Tips for Transferring Skills


Evaluating: The Writing Process

Assignment for Evaluating

Choosing a Subject






Use the Library or the Internet   ª   Gather Field Data

Shaping and Drafting

Audience and Genre

Analysis by Criteria

Comparison and Contrast

Chronological Order

Causal Analysis

Title, Introduction, and Conclusion


Postscript on the Writing Process

"Reggio Emilia's Advanced Educational System" by Stephanie Fuchs (student)

Applying What You Have Learned


9. Problem Solving

Techniques for Problem Solving

Demonstrating That a Problem Exists

Proposing a Solution and Convincing Your Readers

"5 Ways to Avoid College Dept" by David Bakke

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Mini-Casebook on Education

"Your So-Called Education" by Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa

"Debt by Degrees" by James Surowiecki

"Is College Worth It?" by The Economist

"An Open Letter to George M. Philip, President of the State University of New York at Albany" by Gregory Petsko

Tips for Transferring Skills

Problem Solving: The Writing Process

Assignment for Problem Solving

Choosing a Subject


Identify and Focus on the Specific Problem

Demonstrate That the Problem Needs a Solution

Discover Possible Solutions

Evaluate Possible Solutions

Convince Your Readers

Answer Possible Objections to Your Proposal

List Possible Steps for Implementation



Reading and Investigating

Research Tips

Shaping  and Drafting

Genres for Problem Solving

Outlines for Problem Solving

Causal Analysis

Criteria Analysis

Chronological Order


"Can Citizen Journalism Pick Up the Pieces?" by Adam Richman (student)


10. Arguing

Techniques for Writing Arguments

Claims For Written Argument

Claims of Fact or Definition

Claims About Cause and Effect

Claims About Value

Claims About Solutions or Policies

Appeals For Written Argument

Appeal to Reason

Inductive Logic

Appeal to Character

Appeal to Emotion

Combined Appeals

Approaches to Argument

"The Argument Culture" by Deborah Tannen

Rogerian Argument

The Toulmin Method of Argument

Example of a Toulmin Analysis

Using the Toulmin Model

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Multigenre Casebook on New Media

"The Internet: A Clear and Present Danger?" by Cathleen A. Cleaver

"Cyberbullying" by Jennifer Holladay

"Bullying as True Drama" by Danah Boyd and Alice Marwick

"Facebook Wrestles with Free Speech and Civility" by Miguel Helft

"Why You Can't Cite Wikipedia in My Class" by Neil L. Waters

"Professors Should Embrace Wikipedia" by Mark Wilson

"Does the Internet Make You Dumber?" by Nicholas Carr

Tips for Transferring Skills


Arguing: The Writing Process

Using Argument in Your Reading and Writing Processes

Choosing a Subject


Narrowing and Focusing Your Claim

Subject: Grades  ª   Claim of Fact or Definition   ª   Claim About Cause or Effect  ª   

Claim About Value  ª  Claim About a Solution or Policy


Analyzing Statistics



Shaping and Drafting

List "Pro" and "Con" Arguments

Draw a Circle of Alternative Positions

Organizing Arguments

Developing Arguments

Research Tips


Revising Fallacies in Logic

"Animal Testing Is Still Necessary" by Leah Miller (student)


11. Responding to Literature

Techniques for Responding to Literature

Responding as a Reader

Responding as a Writer



Narrative Point of View




Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Two Kinds of Stories: Fiction and Creative Non-Fiction

"The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin

"Talking Wrong" by Patricia Smith

Tips for Transferring Skills


Responding to Literature: The Writing Process

Processes for Responding to Literature



Shaping and Drafting



Investigating Changes in Interpretation


"Helping Us to See Difference Differently: George Orwell's 'A Hanging'" by Max Alexander (student)

Applying What You Have Learned


12. Researching

Techniques for Researching

Developing a Topic, Purpose, and Audience

Know Your Purpose

Accommodate Your Audience

Planning Research

Brainstorm Available Sources

Use Question Analysis

Types of Sources

General Reference Materials

Primary and Secondary Sources

Warming Up: Journal Exercise

Field Research

Evaluating Sources: Relevance, Currency, and Reliability

Evaluating Academic Journals

Evaluating Open Web Sources

Evaluating Wikis and Blogs

Tips for Transferring Skills

Researching: Writing Processes

Using Research to Develop a Proposal and Annotated Bibliography

Choosing: Narrowing and Focusing Your Topic


Annotating Sources and Notetaking

Summarizing a Text

Recording Careful Bibliographic Notes

Rethinking and Revising Your Working Thesis

Shaping and Drafting Your Research Proposal

Questions for Shaping Your Research Proposal



Drafting an Annotated Working Bibliography

"A Research Proposal and Annotated Bibliography on the Rwanda Genocide and the Media" by Carrie Gingrich

Applying What You Have Learned


13. Researched Writing

Techniques for Writing a Researched Essay

Writing a Working Thesis

Establishing Claims

Using Sources to Support Your Claims

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Synthesizing Sources

Choose Sources Carefully

Link Source Information to Your Own Central Point

Synthesize Source Material into Your Own Argument

Avoiding Plagiarism

Citing Sources Accurately

Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing

Original  ª  Plagiarism  ª  Proper Quotation and Citation  ª   Proper Paraphrase and Citation  ª  Proper Summary and Citation

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Using MLA or APA Citations

Introducing and Citing Sources

Identify in the text the persons or source for the fact, paraphrased idea, or quotation  ª If you cite the author in your sentence, the parentheses will contain only the page reference  ª  Use block format for quotations of five lines or more  ª  Vary your introductions to quotations  ª   Edit quotations when necessary to condense or clarify

Tips for Transferring Skills

Researched Essay: Writing Processes

Writing from Research Sources

Shaping and Drafting

Questions for Shaping Your Researched Essay

Planning a Line of Reasoning

Developing a Working Outline


Documenting Sources

In-Text Documentation: MLA Style

Works Cited List: MLA Style

In-Text Documentation: APA Style

References List: APA Style

"Learning about the Rwandan Genocide: Misconceptions and Film" by Carrie Gingrich (student)

Applying What You Have Learned

Appendix: Writing under Pressure

Know Your Audience

Analyze Key Terms

Make a Sketch Outline

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Know the Material

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Practice Writing

Warming Up: Journal Exercises

Proofread and Edit

Sample Essay Questions and Responses


How to Edit and Proofread

Proofreading Marks

Editing Symbols

Tips for Editing and Proofreading


Section 1: Review of Basic Sentence Elements

1A Sentence Structure

1B Nouns and Pronouns

1C Adjectives and Adverbs

1D Verbs

Principal Parts of Verbs

1E Phrases and Clauses



1F Articles, Prepositions, Interjections





Section 2: Sentence Structure and Grammar

2A Fragments

2B Mixed Constructions and Faulty Predication

Mixed Constructions

Faulty Predication

2C Dangling Modifiers and Misplaced Modifiers

Dangling Modifiers

Misplaced Modifiers

2D Faulty Parallelism

2E Active and Passive Voice

Active Voice

Passive Voice

2F Nominals and Be Verbs


Be Verbs

2G Subject-Verb Agreement

2H Verb Tense

2I Pronoun Agreement

2J Pronoun Reference


Section 3: Diction and Style

3A Vague Words

3B Wordiness

3C Colloquial Language and Slang

3D Clichés and Jargon



3E Sexist Language

3F Denotation and Connotation

3G Usage Glossary


Section 4: Punctuation and Mechanics

4A Sentence Punctuation

4B Comma Splices and Fused Sentences

4C Commas

Commas for Introductory Elements

Items in a Series

Nonrestrictive Elements

Unnecessary Commas

Coordinate Adjectives


Addresses, Dates, Degrees

4D Periods and Semicolons



4E Colons and Dashes



4F Exclamation Points and Question Marks

Exclamation Points

Question Marks

4G Quotation and Ellipsis Marks

Quotation Marks

Ellipsis Marks

Punctuation with Quotation Marks

4H Italics

4I Parentheses and Brackets



4J Apostrophes and Hyphens



4K Capitals and Numbers



Text Credits

Photo Credits




Thematic Contents

An asterisk (*) indicates a complete essay.


Web 2.0 Literacies

*Danah Boyd and Alice Marwick, "Bullying as True Drama"

*Nicholas Carr, "Does the Internet Make You Dumber?"

*Miguel Helft, "Facebook Wrestles with Free Speech and Civility"

*Jennifer Holladay, "Cyberbullying"

"Social Networking Gets Most Online Time"  

*Neil L. Waters, "Why You Can't Cite Wikipedia in My Class"  

*Mark A. Wilson, "Professors Should Embrace Wikipedia"  


Mini-Casebook on Education

*Richard Arum and Josipa Roska, "Your So-Called Education"  

*Jane Bodnar, "The College Debt Trap"  

*David Leonhardt, "Even for Cashiers, College Pays Off"  

*Gregory Petsko, "An Open Letter to George M. Philip"  

*Lynn O'Shaughnessy, "But Can They Write?"  

*James Surowiecki, "Debt by Degrees"  


Technology and the Internet

*Cathleen A. Cleaver. "The Internet: A Clear and Present Danger?"  

Consumer Reports, "Android vs. iPhone"  

*Caterina Fake, "FOMO and Social Media"  

*Elizabeth Larsen, "Surfin' the Louvre"  

*Adam Richman, "Can Citizen Journalism Pick Up the Pieces?"  

*David Strayer, et al., "Drivers on Cell Phones Are as Bad as Drunks"  


Advertising and the Media

*Carolyn Kleiner Butler, "Coming Home"  

*Suze Orman, "How to Take Control of Your Credit Cards"


Educational Issues

*Dudley Erskine Devlin, "Plagiarism in America"  

*Elizabeth Larsen, "Surfin' the Louvre"  

*Suze Orman, "How to Take Control of Your Credit Cards"  

*Neil H. Petrie, "Athletes and Education"  

Michelle A. Rhee, "Calvin in Motion"

*Deborah Tannen, "How Male and Female Students Use Language Differently"  


Literacy and Language

*Cathleen A. Cleaver. "The Internet: A Clear and Present Danger?"  

*Suze Orman, "How to Take Control of Your Credit Cards"  

*Neil H. Petrie, "On Writing 'Athletes and Education'"  

*Adam Richman, "Can Citizen Journalism Pick Up the Pieces?"  

*Deborah Tannen, "The Argument Culture"  


Race and Cultural Diversity

*Daniel "Nene" Alejandrez, "César Chávez Saved My Life"  

David Siroto, "How Baseball Explains Modern Racism"  


Gender Roles

Kate Chopin, "The Story of an Hour"  

Dorothea Lange, "Migrant Agricultural Worker's Family"  

*Deborah Tannen, "How Male and Female Students Use Language Differently"  


Social Issues

*Daniel "Nene" Alejandrez, "César Chávez Saved My Life"  

*Chris Blakely, "White Lies: White-Collar Crime in America"  

*Carolyn Kleiner Butler, "Coming Home"  

Dorothea Lange, "Migrant Agricultural Worker's Family"  

*Suze Orman, "How to Take Control of Your Credit Cards"  

*Deborah Tannen, "The Argument Culture"  


Cultural Issues

Dorothea Lange, "Migrant Agricultural Worker's Family"  

*Deborah Tannen, "The Argument Culture"  

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