Principles of Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning in Buildings

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-03-06
  • Publisher: Wiley

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Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning by J. W. Mitchell and J. E. Braun provides foundational knowledge for the behavior and analysis of HVAC systems and related devices. The emphasis of this text is on the application of engineering principles that features tight integration of physical descriptions with a software program that allows performance to be directly calculated, with results that provide insight into actual behavior. Furthermore, the text offers more examples, end-of-chapter problems, and design projects that represent situations an engineer might face in practice and are selected to illustrate the complex and integrated nature of an HVAC system or piece of equipment.

Table of Contents

Introduction to HVAC Systemsp. 1
Systems and Definitionsp. 1
History of Air Conditioningp. 3
Trends in Energy Use and Impactp. 5
HVAC System Design and Operationp. 7
Energy Costsp. 11
Book Philosophy and Organizationp. 11
Unitsp. 13
Summaryp. 14
p. 14
System Analysis Techniques and the Use of EESp. 15
Introductionp. 15
Introduction to EESp. 19
Common Problems Encountered when Using EESp. 22
Curve Fitting Using EESp. 26
Optimization Using EESp. 29
Successful Problem Solving Using EESp. 31
Summaryp. 34
Problemsp. 35
Thermodynamics and Fluid Flow in HVAC Applicationsp. 39
Introductionp. 39
Conservation of Massp. 39
Conservation of Energyp. 41
Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Substancesp. 43
Thermodynamic Limits on Performancep. 45
Thermodynamic Work Relations for Pure Substancesp. 47
Thermodynamic Relations for Fluid Flowp. 48
Energy Loss Mechanisms in Fluid Flowp. 54
Summaryp. 59
Problemsp. 59
Heat Transfer in HVAC Applicationsp. 61
Introductionp. 61
Conduction Heat Transferp. 61
Convection Heat Transferp. 67
Thermal Radiation Heat Transferp. 76
Transient Heat Transferp. 83
Combined-Mode Heat Transferp. 87
Summaryp. 923
Problemsp. 92
Psychrometries for HVAC Applicationsp. 95
Introductionp. 95
Moist Air Propertiesp. 95
The Psychrometric Chartp. 102
The Standard Atmospherep. 103
Determining Psychrometric Properties Using EESp. 105
Psychrometric Applicationsp. 109
Heat and Mass Transfer for Air-Water Vapor Mixturesp. 126
Summaryp. 132
Problemsp. 133
Overview of HVAC Systemsp. 137
Introductionp. 137
Overview of HVAC Systems and Componentsp. 137
Energy Comparison Between CAV and VAV Systemsp. 144
HVAC System Performance Calculationsp. 145
ASHRAE Load Calculation Equationsp. 153
HVAC System Improvements and Alternativesp. 156
Summaryp. 167
Problemsp. 167
Thermal Comfort and Air Qualityp. 171
Introductionp. 171
Criteria for Occupant Comfort Inside Buildingsp. 171
Criteria for Indoor Air Qualityp. 179
Summaryp. 182
Problemsp. 183
Weather Data, Statistics, and Processingp. 185
Introductionp. 185
Design Temperature Parameters for HVAC Systemsp. 186
Ambient Temperature and Humidity Correlationsp. 190
Degree-Day Data and Correlationsp. 195
Bin Method Datap. 200
Ground Temperature Correlationsp. 202
Solar Radiation Fundamentalsp. 205
Clear-Sky Solar Radiationp. 213
Weather Recordsp. 216
Summaryp. 219
Problemsp. 219
Components of Building Heat Loss and Gainp. 221
Introductionp. 221
Thermal Resistance and Conductance of Building Elementsp. 222
Heat Flow Through Opaque Exterior Surfacesp. 225
Liquid Distribution Systemsp. 329
Introductionp. 329
Head Loss and Pressure Drop in Liquid Distribution Systemsp. 329
Water Distribution Systemsp. 332
Steam Distribution Systemsp. 335
Pump Characteristicsp. 338
Heat Loss and Gain for Pipesp. 340
Summaryp. 342
Problemsp. 342
Heat Exchangers for Heating and Cooling Applicationsp. 345
Introductionp. 345
Overall Heat Transfer Conductancep. 347
Heat Exchanger Thermal Performancep. 349
Heating Coil Selection Processp. 355
Cooling Coil Processesp. 361
Cooling Coil Performance Using a Heat Transfer Analogyp. 362
Cooling Coil Selection Procedurep. 368
Summaryp. 376
Problemsp. 376
Cooling Towers and Desiccant Dehumidification Systemsp. 379
Introductionp. 379
Cooling Towersp. 379
Cooling Tower Performance using an Analogy to Heat Transferp. 381
Cooling Tower Selection Procedurep. 385
Desiccant Dehumidifiersp. 388
Desiccant Dehumidification Systemsp. 393
Summaryp. 397
Problemsp. 398
Vapor Compression Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Systemsp. 401
Introductionp. 401
Vapor Compression Systemp. 401
Refrigerantsp. 407
Vapor Compression System Compressorsp. 412
Vapor Compression System Performancep. 416
Alternative Vapor Compression System Conceptsp. 421
Summaryp. 429
Problemsp. 429
Heat Pump Systemsp. 433
Introductionp. 433
Air Source Heat Pumpsp. 435
Ground Source Heat Pumpsp. 441
Water Loop Heat Pump Systemsp. 443
Summaryp. 444
Problemsp. 444
Thermal Storage Systemsp. 447
troductionp. 447
Ice Storage Systemsp. 451
Chilled Water Storage Systemsp. 452
Cold Air Distribution Systemsp. 453
Building Thermal Storagep. 454
Thermal Storage Control Strategiesp. 456
Performance Characteristics of Ice Storage Tanksp. 460
Selection of Ice Storage Capacityp. 466
Summaryp. 471
Problemsp. 471
Introductionp. 523
Introduction to Optimal Operation of HVAC Systemsp. 525
Optimization Statement for All-Electric Cooling Plants Without Storagep. 531
Model-based Optimization Procedurep. 531
Quadratic Optimization Procedurep. 533
Simplified Control Strategies for System Componentsp. 536
Optimization Statement for All-Electric Cooling Plants with Storagep. 544
Simplified Control Strategies for Systems with Storagep. 545
Methods for Forecasting Building Loadsp. 548
Summaryp. 550
Problemsp. 551
Designing HVAC Systemsp. 555
Introductionp. 555
Design Methodologyp. 555
Life-Cycle Costp. 562
Rules of Thumbp. 564
Design Problems for the Studentsp. 565
Problemsp. 566
Thermal Property Valuesp. 573
Psychrometric Charts for Sea-Level Conditionsp. 575
Wall and Roof Property Datap. 577
p. 583
Nomenclaturep. 589
Indexp. 595
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