Prisons and Prison Life Costs and Consequences

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-07-12
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Prisons and Prison Life investigates and analyzes prisons--and the often undocumented costs of imprisonment for all involved. It covers the history of imprisonment in the U.S. as well as all aspects of prison life, including profiles of prisoners, a description of life in prison, women's prisons, correctional officers, management issues, and re-entry. The use of first-person quotations throughout further enriches the discussion and personalizes the issues. The book is intended for courses on prisons, but is used frequently in courses on corrections as well.

Author Biography

Joycelyn M. Pollock is Professor of Criminal Justice at Texas State University San Marcos.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
Prisons: Then and Nowp. 1
The Purpose and Functions of Prisonsp. 1
The Philadelphia and Auburn Modelsp. 4
1900-1950sp. 6
1960-1980Sp. 8
New Expectationsp. 10
Racial Politicsp. 10
Drugsp. 11
Young Offendersp. 11
The Death of the Rehabilitative Erap. 12
1980-Todayp. 13
Prisons and Politicsp. 15
Conclusionp. 19
Explaining Incarcerationp. 21
The Rise of Imprisonmentp. 22
The United States Compared to the Worldp. 23
Comparing States' Rates of Incarcerationp. 24
Incarceration and Race/Ethnicityp. 25
Explaining the Increasep. 28
Crimep. 29
Sentencing Changesp. 30
Increased "Punitiveness"p. 32
Increased Parole Revocationsp. 34
The "War on Drugs"p. 34
The Deinstitutionalizaton of the Mentally Illp. 35
The Privatization of Prisonsp. 36
Reversing the Trendp. 38
Conclusionp. 39
The New Bastillep. 41
The Number and Types of Prisonsp. 41
Federal and State Systemsp. 42
State Prisonsp. 43
Overcrowdingp. 44
The Super-Maxp. 46
Private Prisonsp. 51
Proponents and Opponents of Privatizationp. 52
Corrections Corporation of America and GEO Groupp. 54
Evaluations of Private Prisonsp. 55
Interstate Transferp. 57
Conclusionp. 59
Prisonersp. 61
The Demographics of Prisonersp. 62
Racep. 63
Agep. 65
Medical/Physical Characteristicsp. 66
Education and Employment Historiesp. 67
Familyp. 67
Prisoners: Yesterday and Todayp. 69
Special Populationsp. 72
Mentally Illp. 72
Mentally Handicappedp. 77
Drug Dependent Offendersp. 78
Classificationp. 79
Medical Servicesp. 80
Conclusionp. 83
Rehabilitation Revisitedp. 86
The Legacy of the Rehabilitative Erap. 87
What Is Treatment?p. 87
Recreationp. 88
Education, Vocational Training, and Industryp. 89
Educationp. 89
Vocational Training and Industryp. 91
Drug Treatmentp. 94
Evaluating Drug Treatmentp. 96
Rehabilitative Programs and the Will to Changep. 97
Evaluationsp. 99
The Will to Changep. 101
Evidence-based Correctionsp. 102
Conclusionp. 104
Living in Prisonp. 106
Prisoner Subculture Researchp. 107
Elements of the Subculturep. 108
Prison Argotp. 106
Inmate Codep. 109
The Black Marketp. 110
Race and Gangsp. 111
Prison Violencep. 113
Correlates of Violencep. 114
Economic Violencep. 115
Sexual Violencep. 116
Riots and Collective Violencep. 123
Changes in Prison Violencep. 124
Coping in the Prison Worldp. 125
Conclusionp. 126
Prisons for Womenp. 128
Increasing Numbersp. 129
History of Women's Prisonsp. 130
Gendered Pathways and Gendered Programmingp. 132
Pathways Researchp. 133
Victimizationp. 134
Drugsp. 135
Importance of Relationshipsp. 136
Pathways and Classificationp. 136
Gender-specific Programingp. 137
Living in Prisonp. 140
Violencep. 141
Sexual Relationships and Sexual Violencep. 142
Sexual Victimization by Staff Membersp. 143
Mothers in Prisonp. 145
Conclusionp. 148
Prisoners' Rightsp. 150
Causes of Action and Sources of Rightsp. 152
The First Amendmentp. 154
Freedom of Religionp. 154
Freedom of Speech and Pressp. 158
Rights of Associationp. 160
The Fourth Amendmentp. 161
The Eighth Amendmentp. 162
Medical Care and Rehabilitationp. 163
Excessive Use of Force/Other Punishmentsp. 164
Totality of Circumstancesp. 165
The Fourteenth Amendmentp. 166
Access to Courtsp. 167
Disciplinary Proceedingsp. 168
Other Deprivationsp. 171
Conclusionp. 173
Correctional Staff and Administrationp. 175
Correctional Officersp. 175
The Changing Role of the Guardp. 176
Correctional Officers Todayp. 177
"Structured Conflict"p. 178
The Officer Subculturep. 182
Stressp. 184
The Human Service Officerp. 185
Violencep. 187
Managing the Prisonp. 190
Unionizationp. 191
Civil Service and Workforce Diversityp. 192
Cross-Sex Supervision and Sexual Misconductp. 194
Corruption and Unethical Practicesp. 196
Conclusionp. 198
Release, Reentry, and the Future of Prisonsp. 200
Reentry and Recidivismp. 201
Parolep. 203
Civil Libertiesp. 205
Barriers to Successp. 206
Envisioning the Perfect Prisonp. 208
The Importance of Justicep. 209
Cutting Back on Prisonp. 211
The Prison Industrial Complexp. 211
Conclusionp. 213
Table of Casesp. 217
Bibliographyp. 219
Indexp. 251
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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