9781931719094

Prisons and Prison Life : Costs and Consequences

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781931719094

  • ISBN10:

    1931719098

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2003-12-01
  • Publisher: Oxford Univ Pr

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Table of Contents

Preface viii
Acknowledgments ix
Chapter 1: Prisons 1(28)
What Are Prisons?
1(7)
The Philadelphia and Auburn Models
3(1)
From Then to Now
4(4)
The 1990's and Beyond
8(1)
Incarceration Rates: A War on People
8(18)
Incarceration and Race
12(2)
Crime Rates and Prison
14(2)
Reasons Why We Incarcerate
16(5)
'If You Build It, They Will Come'
21(2)
A Lull Before a Storm?
23(3)
Conclusion
26(3)
Chapter 2: The War on Drugs 29(26)
History of the War on Drugs
29(7)
'Just Say No'
31(4)
The War Continues
35(1)
Victims of War
36(7)
Patterns of Drug Use
38(2)
Drug Use and Crime
40(1)
Minorities and Women
41(2)
The Impact on Prisons
43(2)
Drugs in Prison
44(1)
Treatment Versus Prison
45(3)
Evaluating Drug Treatment
47(1)
Declining Public Support for the War
48(4)
Conclusion
52(3)
Chapter 3: The New Bastille 55(22)
Private Prisons
57(9)
Evaluations of Private Prisons
60(6)
A Modern Alcatraz: The Super-Max
66(4)
Riots and Collective Violence
70(3)
Conclusion
73(4)
Chapter 4: The Prisoners 77(18)
The Demographics of Prison
78(10)
Race
81(2)
Young and Old Prisoners
83(2)
Education and Employment Histories
85(1)
Family
86(2)
Prisoners: Yesterday and Today
88(5)
Prisoners in Prison
90(2)
The Will to Change
92(1)
Conclusion
93(2)
Chapter 5: Living in Prison 95(24)
Prisoner Subculture Research
96(2)
The Prison World: 1900's-1960's
98(5)
The 1960's-Change in the Prison World
99(4)
The Prison World Today
103(13)
The Inmate Code
103(2)
The Black Market
105(1)
Racial Tension
106(2)
Prison Violence
108(3)
'Official' Violence
111(4)
Changes in Prison Violence
115(1)
Creating a 'Home'
116(1)
Conclusion
117(2)
Chapter 6: Programs, Education, and Health Care 119(30)
Medical Services
120(10)
Mentally Ill and Mentally Retarded Inmates
124(6)
Programs and Programming
130(15)
Education
132(3)
Vocational Training and Industry
135(3)
Recreation
138(1)
Prison Treatment Programs
139(6)
The Will to Change
145(1)
Conclusion
146(3)
Chapter 7: Prisoners' Rights 149(38)
Introduction and History
149(2)
Causes of Action and Sources of Rights
151(2)
The First Amendment
153(13)
Freedom of Religion
153(6)
Freedom of Speech and Press
159(4)
Rights of Association
163(3)
The Fourth Amendment
166(1)
The Eighth Amendment
167(3)
Medical Care and Rehabilitation
167(1)
Excessive Use of Force
168(1)
Totality of Circumstances
169(1)
The Fourteenth Amendment
170(13)
Access to Courts
171(3)
Disciplinary Proceedings
174(6)
Other Deprivations
180(2)
Other Due Process Issues
182(1)
The Prisoner Litigation Reform Act
183(1)
Conclusion
184(3)
Chapter 8: Prisons for Women 187(28)
Increasing Numbers
188(3)
History of Women's Prisons
191(2)
Who Are the Women in Prison?
193(5)
Background Characteristics
195(3)
Living in Prison
198(3)
Prison Programs for Women
201(8)
Prisoners as Mothers
204(4)
Health Care
208(1)
Management Issues
209(3)
Release
212(1)
Conclusion
213(2)
Chapter 9: 'Doing Time Eight to Five' 215(38)
Correctional Officers
215(24)
The Changing Role of the Guard
216(4)
Correctional Officers Today
220(3)
'Structured Conflict'
223(5)
The Officer Subculture
228(4)
Violence
232(4)
Stress
236(1)
The Human Service Officer
237(2)
Managing the Prison
239(12)
Unionization
240(2)
Civil Service and Workforce Diversity
242(4)
Cross-Sex Supervision
246(2)
Corruption and Unethical Practices
248(3)
Conclusion
251(2)
Chapter 10: 'We Shall Be Released' 253(12)
Parole
254(5)
Re-entry and Recidivism
255(1)
Civil Liberties
256(1)
Barriers to Re-entry
257(2)
Cutting Back on Prison
259(4)
The Prison Industrial Complex
261(2)
Conclusion
263(2)
Table of Cases 265(2)
Sources 267(30)
Name Index 297(6)
Subject Index 303

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